pricecharts

track prices of consumer electronics
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commit 4796b55912f2f2afc735cf4f1b78bdedf3fe901f
parent 13fb8891c9612676a946149182e2ab85989a524a
Author: Kyle Milz <kyle@getaddrinfo.net>
Date:   Wed, 18 Mar 2015 22:48:30 -0600

logo: new logos

Diffstat:
Alogo/acer.svg | 41+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Alogo/asus.svg | 36++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Alogo/dell.svg | 2220+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Alogo/future shop.svg | 74++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Alogo/gigabyte.svg | 444+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Alogo/hp.svg | 1706+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Alogo/intel.svg | 3830+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Alogo/kingston.svg | 910+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Alogo/lenovo.svg | 70++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Alogo/lg.svg | 29+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Alogo/london drugs.svg | 983+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Alogo/msi.svg | 615+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Alogo/panasonic.svg | 2215+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Alogo/plextor.png | 534+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Alogo/sandisk.svg | 1142+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Alogo/seagate.svg | 2++
Alogo/sony.svg | 2289+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Alogo/toshiba.svg | 2412+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Alogo/wd.svg | 94+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
19 files changed, 19646 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

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For other uses, see <a href="/wiki/Dell_(disambiguation)" title="Dell (disambiguation)" class="mw-disambig">Dell (disambiguation)</a>.</div> +<table class="infobox vcard" style="width:22em"> +<caption class="fn org">Dell Inc.</caption> +<tr> +<td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/File:Dell_Logo.svg" class="image" title="Dell logo"><img alt="Dell logo" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Dell_Logo.svg/170px-Dell_Logo.svg.png" width="170" height="168" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Dell_Logo.svg/255px-Dell_Logo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/48/Dell_Logo.svg/340px-Dell_Logo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="501" data-file-height="495" /></a> +<div>Dell Logo, 2010-present</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr> +<td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/File:Dell_RR1.jpg" class="image"><img alt="Dell RR1.jpg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/50/Dell_RR1.jpg/250px-Dell_RR1.jpg" width="250" height="167" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/50/Dell_RR1.jpg/375px-Dell_RR1.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/50/Dell_RR1.jpg/500px-Dell_RR1.jpg 2x" data-file-width="3872" data-file-height="2592" /></a> +<div>Dell Headquarters in <a href="/wiki/Round_Rock,_Texas" title="Round Rock, Texas">Round Rock</a>, <a href="/wiki/Texas" title="Texas">Texas</a></div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"> +<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Types_of_business_entity" title="Types of business entity">Type</a></div> +</th> +<td class="category" style="line-height:1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Privately_held_company" title="Privately held company">Private</a><sup id="cite_ref-merced2013_1-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-merced2013-1"><span>[</span>1<span>]</span></a></sup></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Industry</th> +<td class="category" style="line-height:1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Personal_computer_hardware" title="Personal computer hardware" class="mw-redirect">Computer hardware</a>, <a href="/wiki/Software" title="Software">Computer software</a>, <a href="/wiki/IT_service_management" title="IT service management">IT services</a>, <a href="/wiki/Information_technology_consulting" title="Information technology consulting">IT consulting</a></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Founded</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;">February&#160;1, 1984<span class="noprint">; 31 years ago</span><span style="display:none">&#160;(<span class="bday dtstart published updated">1984-02-01</span>)</span></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Headquarters</th> +<td class="adr" style="line-height:1.35em;"><span class="locality"><a href="/wiki/Round_Rock,_Texas" title="Round Rock, Texas">Round Rock, Texas</a></span>, <span class="country-name">United States<sup id="cite_ref-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-2"><span>[</span>2<span>]</span></a></sup></span></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"> +<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Area served</div> +</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;">Worldwide</td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"> +<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Key people</div> +</th> +<td class="agent" style="line-height:1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Michael_Dell" title="Michael Dell">Michael Dell</a><br /> +<small>(Founder, Chairman &amp; CEO)</small></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Products</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"> +<div class="plainlist"> +<ul> +<li>Personal computers</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Server_(computing)" title="Server (computing)">Servers</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Peripheral" title="Peripheral">Peripherals</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Smartphone" title="Smartphone">Smartphones</a></li> +<li>Televisions</li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Services</th> +<td class="category" style="line-height:1.35em;">IT services</td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Revenue</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span title="Decrease"><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /></span> US$ 56.94 <a href="/wiki/1000000000_(number)" title="1000000000 (number)" class="mw-redirect">billion</a> (2013)<sup id="cite_ref-10K2012_3-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K2012-3"><span>[</span>3<span>]</span></a></sup></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"> +<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Earnings_before_interest_and_taxes" title="Earnings before interest and taxes">Operating income</a></div> +</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span title="Decrease"><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /></span> US$ <span style="visibility:hidden;color:transparent;">0</span>3.01&#160;billion (2013)<sup id="cite_ref-10K2012_3-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K2012-3"><span>[</span>3<span>]</span></a></sup></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"> +<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Net_income" title="Net income">Net income</a></div> +</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span title="Decrease"><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /></span> US$ <span style="visibility:hidden;color:transparent;">0</span>2.37&#160;billion (2013)<sup id="cite_ref-10K2012_3-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K2012-3"><span>[</span>3<span>]</span></a></sup></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Asset" title="Asset">Total assets</a></span></th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span title="Increase"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /></span> US$ 47.54&#160;billion (2013)<sup id="cite_ref-10K2012_3-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K2012-3"><span>[</span>3<span>]</span></a></sup></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Equity_(finance)" title="Equity (finance)">Total equity</a></span></th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span title="Increase"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /></span> US$ 10.68&#160;billion (2013)<sup id="cite_ref-10K2012_3-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K2012-3"><span>[</span>3<span>]</span></a></sup></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Owner</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"> +<div class="plainlist"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Michael_Dell" title="Michael Dell">Michael Dell</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Silver_Lake_Partners" title="Silver Lake Partners">Silver Lake Partners</a><sup id="cite_ref-merced2013_1-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-merced2013-1"><span>[</span>1<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"> +<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Number of employees</div> +</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;">108,800 (2013)<sup id="cite_ref-10K2012_3-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K2012-3"><span>[</span>3<span>]</span></a></sup></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Subsidiary" title="Subsidiary">Subsidiaries</a></th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"> +<div class="plainlist"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Alienware" title="Alienware">Alienware Corporation</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Compellent" title="Compellent" class="mw-redirect">Compellent Technologies Inc.</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Force10" title="Force10">Force 10 Networks, Inc.</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Perot_Systems" title="Perot Systems">Perot Systems Corporation</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/SonicWALL" title="SonicWALL" class="mw-redirect">SonicWALL Inc</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/SecureWorks" title="SecureWorks" class="mw-redirect">SecureWorks Inc.</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +<sup id="cite_ref-10K2012_3-6" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K2012-3"><span>[</span>3<span>]</span></a></sup><sup class="reference" style="white-space:nowrap;">(Exhibit 21)</sup></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Website</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span class="url"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.dell.com/">www<wbr />.dell<wbr />.com</a></span></td> +</tr> +</table> +<p><b>Dell Incorporated</b> is an <a href="/wiki/United_States" title="United States">American</a> privately owned <a href="/wiki/Multinational_corporation" title="Multinational corporation">multinational</a> computer technology company based in <a href="/wiki/Round_Rock,_Texas" title="Round Rock, Texas">Round Rock, Texas</a>, <a href="/wiki/United_States" title="United States">United States</a>, that develops, sells, repairs and supports computers and related products and services. <a href="/wiki/Eponymous" title="Eponymous" class="mw-redirect">Bearing the name of its founder</a>, <a href="/wiki/Michael_Dell" title="Michael Dell">Michael Dell</a>, the company is one of the largest technological corporations in the world, employing more than 103,300 people worldwide.<sup id="cite_ref-10K2012_3-7" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K2012-3"><span>[</span>3<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Dell sells personal computers, <a href="/wiki/Server_(computing)" title="Server (computing)">servers</a>, <a href="/wiki/Data_storage_device" title="Data storage device">data storage devices</a>, <a href="/wiki/Network_switch" title="Network switch">network switches</a>, <a href="/wiki/Computer_software" title="Computer software" class="mw-redirect">software</a>, computer <a href="/wiki/Peripheral" title="Peripheral">peripherals</a>, <a href="/wiki/HDTV" title="HDTV" class="mw-redirect">HDTVs</a>, cameras, printers, MP3 players and also electronics built by other manufacturers. The company is well known for its innovations in <a href="/wiki/Supply_chain_management" title="Supply chain management">supply chain management</a> and <a href="/wiki/Electronic_commerce" title="Electronic commerce" class="mw-redirect">electronic commerce</a>, particularly its direct-sales model and its "build-to-order" or "configure to order" approach to manufacturing—delivering individual PCs configured to customer specifications.<sup id="cite_ref-bw1103_4-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-bw1103-4"><span>[</span>4<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-statesman_5-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-statesman-5"><span>[</span>5<span>]</span></a></sup> Dell was a pure hardware vendor for much of its existence, but with the acquisition in 2009 of <a href="/wiki/Perot_Systems" title="Perot Systems">Perot Systems</a>, Dell entered the market for IT services. The company has since made additional acquisitions in storage and networking systems, with the aim of expanding their portfolio from offering computers only to delivering complete solutions for enterprise customers.<sup id="cite_ref-reut_6-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-reut-6"><span>[</span>6<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-bloomberg.com_7-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-bloomberg.com-7"><span>[</span>7<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Dell was listed at number 51 in the <i><a href="/wiki/Fortune_500" title="Fortune 500">Fortune 500</a></i> list, until 2014.<sup id="cite_ref-8" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-8"><span>[</span>8<span>]</span></a></sup> After going private in 2013, the newly confidential nature of its financial information prevents the company from being ranked by Fortune. In 2014 it was the <a href="/wiki/Market_share_of_personal_computer_vendors" title="Market share of personal computer vendors">third largest PC vendor in the world</a> after <a href="/wiki/Lenovo" title="Lenovo">Lenovo</a> and <a href="/wiki/Hewlett-Packard" title="Hewlett-Packard">HP</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-2013_PC_9-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-2013_PC-9"><span>[</span>9<span>]</span></a></sup> Dell is currently the #1 shipper of PC monitors in the world.<sup id="cite_ref-10" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10"><span>[</span>10<span>]</span></a></sup> Dell is the sixth largest company in Texas by total revenue, according to <i><a href="/wiki/Fortune_(magazine)" title="Fortune (magazine)">Fortune</a></i> magazine.<sup id="cite_ref-11" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-11"><span>[</span>11<span>]</span></a></sup> It is the second largest non-oil company in Texas – behind <a href="/wiki/AT%26T_Inc." title="AT&amp;T Inc." class="mw-redirect">AT&amp;T</a> – and the largest company in the <a href="/wiki/Greater_Austin" title="Greater Austin">Greater Austin</a> area.<sup id="cite_ref-12" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-12"><span>[</span>12<span>]</span></a></sup> It was a <a href="/wiki/Public_company" title="Public company">publicly traded company</a> (<a href="/wiki/NASDAQ" title="NASDAQ">NASDAQ</a>: DELL), as well as a component of the <a href="/wiki/NASDAQ-100" title="NASDAQ-100">NASDAQ-100</a> and <a href="/wiki/S%26P_500" title="S&amp;P 500">S&amp;P 500</a>, until it was taken private in a leveraged buyout which closed on October 30, 2013.</p> +<p></p> +<div id="toc" class="toc"> +<div id="toctitle"> +<h2>Contents</h2> +</div> +<ul> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-1"><a href="#History"><span class="tocnumber">1</span> <span class="toctext">History</span></a> +<ul> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-2"><a href="#Growth_in_1990s_and_early_2000s"><span class="tocnumber">1.1</span> <span class="toctext">Growth in 1990s and early 2000s</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-3"><a href="#Rollins_as_CEO_and_disappointments"><span class="tocnumber">1.2</span> <span class="toctext">Rollins as CEO and disappointments</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-4"><a href="#Dell_2.0_and_downsizing"><span class="tocnumber">1.3</span> <span class="toctext">Dell 2.0 and downsizing</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-5"><a href="#2013_buyout"><span class="tocnumber">1.4</span> <span class="toctext">2013 buyout</span></a></li> +</ul> +</li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-6"><a href="#Acquisitions"><span class="tocnumber">2</span> <span class="toctext">Acquisitions</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-7"><a href="#Dell_facilities"><span class="tocnumber">3</span> <span class="toctext">Dell facilities</span></a> +<ul> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-8"><a href="#Manufacturing"><span class="tocnumber">3.1</span> <span class="toctext">Manufacturing</span></a></li> +</ul> +</li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-9"><a href="#Products"><span class="tocnumber">4</span> <span class="toctext">Products</span></a> +<ul> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-10"><a href="#Scope_and_brands"><span class="tocnumber">4.1</span> <span class="toctext">Scope and brands</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-11"><a href="#Technical_support"><span class="tocnumber">4.2</span> <span class="toctext">Technical support</span></a></li> +</ul> +</li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-12"><a href="#Commercial_aspects"><span class="tocnumber">5</span> <span class="toctext">Commercial aspects</span></a> +<ul> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-13"><a href="#Organization"><span class="tocnumber">5.1</span> <span class="toctext">Organization</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-14"><a href="#Marketing"><span class="tocnumber">5.2</span> <span class="toctext">Marketing</span></a> +<ul> +<li class="toclevel-3 tocsection-15"><a href="#Dell_partner_program"><span class="tocnumber">5.2.1</span> <span class="toctext">Dell partner program</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-3 tocsection-16"><a href="#Criticisms_of_marketing_of_laptop_security"><span class="tocnumber">5.2.2</span> <span class="toctext">Criticisms of marketing of laptop security</span></a></li> +</ul> +</li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-17"><a href="#Retail"><span class="tocnumber">5.3</span> <span class="toctext">Retail</span></a> +<ul> +<li class="toclevel-3 tocsection-18"><a href="#United_States"><span class="tocnumber">5.3.1</span> <span class="toctext">United States</span></a> +<ul> +<li class="toclevel-4 tocsection-19"><a href="#Kiosks"><span class="tocnumber">5.3.1.1</span> <span class="toctext">Kiosks</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-4 tocsection-20"><a href="#NorthPark_Service_Center"><span class="tocnumber">5.3.1.2</span> <span class="toctext">NorthPark Service Center</span></a></li> +</ul> +</li> +<li class="toclevel-3 tocsection-21"><a href="#Retail_Stores"><span class="tocnumber">5.3.2</span> <span class="toctext">Retail Stores</span></a></li> +</ul> +</li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-22"><a href="#Competition"><span class="tocnumber">5.4</span> <span class="toctext">Competition</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-23"><a href="#Partnership_with_EMC"><span class="tocnumber">5.5</span> <span class="toctext">Partnership with EMC</span></a></li> +</ul> +</li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-24"><a href="#Environmental_record"><span class="tocnumber">6</span> <span class="toctext">Environmental record</span></a> +<ul> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-25"><a href="#Green_initiatives"><span class="tocnumber">6.1</span> <span class="toctext">Green initiatives</span></a></li> +</ul> +</li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-26"><a href="#Criticism"><span class="tocnumber">7</span> <span class="toctext">Criticism</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-27"><a href="#See_also"><span class="tocnumber">8</span> <span class="toctext">See also</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-28"><a href="#References"><span class="tocnumber">9</span> <span class="toctext">References</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-29"><a href="#Further_reading"><span class="tocnumber">10</span> <span class="toctext">Further reading</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-30"><a href="#External_links"><span class="tocnumber">11</span> <span class="toctext">External links</span></a></li> +</ul> +</div> +<p></p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="History">History</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=1" title="Edit section: History">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<div class="hatnote relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/wiki/History_of_Dell" title="History of Dell">History of Dell</a></div> +<div class="thumb tleft"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Dellpre1989.JPG" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b5/Dellpre1989.JPG/220px-Dellpre1989.JPG" width="220" height="102" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b5/Dellpre1989.JPG/330px-Dellpre1989.JPG 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b5/Dellpre1989.JPG 2x" data-file-width="399" data-file-height="185" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Dellpre1989.JPG" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +Dell's first logo from 1984 to 1989</div> +</div> +</div> +<p>Dell traces its origins to 1984, when <a href="/wiki/Michael_Dell" title="Michael Dell">Michael Dell</a> created Dell Computer Corporation, which at the time did business as <i>PC's Limited</i>,<sup id="cite_ref-13" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-13"><span>[</span>13<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-14" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-14"><span>[</span>14<span>]</span></a></sup> while a student of the <a href="/wiki/University_of_Texas_at_Austin" title="University of Texas at Austin">University of Texas at Austin</a>. The dorm-room headquartered company sold <a href="/wiki/IBM_PC_compatible" title="IBM PC compatible">IBM PC-compatible</a> computers built from stock components.<sup id="cite_ref-15" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-15"><span>[</span>15<span>]</span></a></sup> Dell dropped out of school to focus full-time on his fledgling business, after getting $1,000 in expansion-capital from his family. In 1985, the company produced the first computer of its own design, the <i>Turbo PC</i>, which sold for $795.<sup id="cite_ref-16" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-16"><span>[</span>16<span>]</span></a></sup> PC's Limited advertised its systems in national computer magazines for sale directly to consumers and custom assembled each ordered unit according to a selection of options. The company <a href="/wiki/Gross_profit" title="Gross profit">grossed</a> more than $73&#160;million in its first year of operation.</p> +<p>In 1986, Michael Dell brought in Lee Walker, a 51-year-old venture capitalist, as president and chief operating officer, to serve as Michael's mentor and implement Michael's ideas for growing the company. Walker was also instrumental in recruiting members to the board of directors when the company went public in 1988. Walker retired in 1990 due to health, and Michael Dell hired Morton Meyerson, former CEO and president of <a href="/wiki/Electronic_Data_Systems" title="Electronic Data Systems">Electronic Data Systems</a> to transform the company from a fast-growing medium-sized firm into a billion-dollar enterprise.<sup id="cite_ref-17" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-17"><span>[</span>17<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>The company dropped the PC’s Limited name in 1987 to become Dell Computer Corporation and began expanding globally. In June 1988, Dell's market capitalization grew by $30&#160;million to $80&#160;million from its June 22 <a href="/wiki/Initial_public_offering" title="Initial public offering">initial public offering</a> of 3.5&#160;million shares at $8.50 a share.<sup id="cite_ref-18" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-18"><span>[</span>18<span>]</span></a></sup> In 1992, <i><a href="/wiki/Fortune_(magazine)" title="Fortune (magazine)">Fortune</a></i> magazine included Dell Computer Corporation in its list of the world's <a href="/wiki/Fortune_Global_500" title="Fortune Global 500">500</a> largest companies, making Michael Dell the youngest CEO of a Fortune 500 company ever.<sup id="cite_ref-NatPressClub_19-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-NatPressClub-19"><span>[</span>19<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In 1993, to complement its own direct sales channel, Dell planned to sell PCs at big-box retail outlets such as Wal-Mart, which would have brought in an additional $125 million in annual revenue. However, Bain consultant <a href="/wiki/Kevin_Rollins" title="Kevin Rollins">Kevin Rollins</a> persuaded Michael Dell to pull out of these deals, believing they would be money losers in the long run.<sup id="cite_ref-20" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-20"><span>[</span>20<span>]</span></a></sup> Indeed, margins at retail were thin at best and Dell left the reseller channel in 1994.<sup id="cite_ref-mhhe.com_21-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-mhhe.com-21"><span>[</span>21<span>]</span></a></sup> Rollins would soon join Dell full-time and eventually become the company President and CEO.</p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Growth_in_1990s_and_early_2000s">Growth in 1990s and early 2000s</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=2" title="Edit section: Growth in 1990s and early 2000s">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>Originally, Dell did not emphasize the consumer market, due to the higher costs and unacceptably low profit margins in selling to individuals and households; however, this changed when the company’s Internet site took off in 1996 and 1997. While the industry’s average selling price to individuals was going down, Dell’s was going up, as second- and third-time computer buyers who wanted powerful computers with multiple features and did not need much technical support were choosing Dell. Dell found an opportunity among PC-savvy individuals who liked the convenience of buying direct, customizing their PC to their means, and having it delivered in days. In early 1997, Dell created an internal sales and marketing group dedicated to serving the home market and introduced a product line designed especially for individual users.<sup id="cite_ref-mhhe.com_21-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-mhhe.com-21"><span>[</span>21<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>From 1997 to 2004, Dell enjoyed steady growth and it gained market share from competitors even during industry slumps. During the same period, rival PC vendors such as <a href="/wiki/Compaq" title="Compaq">Compaq</a>, <a href="/wiki/Gateway,_Inc." title="Gateway, Inc.">Gateway</a>, <a href="/wiki/IBM_Aptiva" title="IBM Aptiva">IBM</a>, <a href="/wiki/Packard_Bell" title="Packard Bell">Packard Bell</a>, and <a href="/wiki/AST_Research" title="AST Research">AST Research</a> would struggle and eventually leave the market or get bought out.<sup id="cite_ref-ZDA_22-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-ZDA-22"><span>[</span>22<span>]</span></a></sup> Dell surpassed Compaq to become the largest PC manufacturer in 1999. Operating costs made up only 10 percent of Dell's $35 billion in revenue in 2002, compared with 21 percent of revenue at Hewlett-Packard, 25 percent at Gateway, and 46 percent at Cisco.<sup id="cite_ref-autogenerated2003_23-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-autogenerated2003-23"><span>[</span>23<span>]</span></a></sup> In 2002, when Compaq merged with <a href="/wiki/Hewlett_Packard" title="Hewlett Packard" class="mw-redirect">Hewlett Packard</a> (the fourth-place PC maker), the newly combined Hewlett Packard took the top spot but struggled and Dell soon regained its lead. Dell grew the fastest in the early 2000s.<sup id="cite_ref-bw1103_4-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-bw1103-4"><span>[</span>4<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Dell attained and maintained the number&#160;1 rating in PC reliability and customer service/technical support, according to <i>Consumer Reports</i>, year after year, during the mid-to-late 90s through 2001 right before <i>Windows XP</i> was released.</p> +<p>In 1996, Dell began selling computers through its website.</p> +<p>In the mid-1990s, Dell expanded beyond desktop computers and laptops by selling servers, starting with low-end servers. The major three providers of servers at the time were IBM, Hewlett Packard, and Compaq, many of which were based on proprietary technology, such as IBM's Power4 microprocessors or various proprietary versions of the Unix operating system. Dell's new PowerEdge servers did not require a major investment in proprietary technologies, as they ran <a href="/wiki/Microsoft_Windows_NT" title="Microsoft Windows NT" class="mw-redirect">Microsoft Windows NT</a> on Intel chips, and could be built cheaper than its competitors.<sup id="cite_ref-24" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-24"><span>[</span>24<span>]</span></a></sup> Consequently, Dell's enterprise revenues, almost nonexistent in 1994, accounted for 13 percent of the company's total intake by 1998. Three years later, Dell passed Compaq as the top provider of Intel-based servers, with 31 percent of the market. Dell's first <a href="/wiki/Business_acquisition" title="Business acquisition">acquisition</a> occurred in 1999 with the purchase of ConvergeNet Technologies for $332 million, after Dell had failed to develop an enterprise storage system in-house; however ConvergeNet's elegant but complex technology did not fit in with Dell's commodity-producer business model, forcing Dell to write down the entire value of the acquisition.<sup id="cite_ref-autogenerated2003_23-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-autogenerated2003-23"><span>[</span>23<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In 2002, Dell expanded its product line to include televisions, <a href="/wiki/Handhelds" title="Handhelds" class="mw-redirect">handhelds</a>, digital audio players, and <a href="/wiki/Printer_(computing)" title="Printer (computing)">printers</a>. Chairman and CEO Michael Dell, however, had repeatedly blocked President and COO <a href="/wiki/Kevin_Rollins" title="Kevin Rollins">Kevin Rollins</a>'s attempt to lessen the company's heavy dependency on PCs, which Rollins wanted to fix by acquiring <a href="/wiki/EMC_Corporation" title="EMC Corporation">EMC Corporation</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-autogenerated3_25-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-autogenerated3-25"><span>[</span>25<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In 2003, the company was rebranded as simply "Dell Inc." to recognize the company's expansion beyond computers.<sup id="cite_ref-Dell-Inc-May-2003-PRE-14A_26-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Dell-Inc-May-2003-PRE-14A-26"><span>[</span>26<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In 2004, Michael Dell resigned as CEO while retaining the position of Chairman,<sup id="cite_ref-Dell-Inc-May-2004-DEF-14A_27-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Dell-Inc-May-2004-DEF-14A-27"><span>[</span>27<span>]</span></a></sup> handing the CEO title to Kevin Rollins, who had been President and COO since 2001. Despite no longer holding the CEO title, Dell essentially acted as a de facto co-CEO with Rollins.<sup id="cite_ref-autogenerated3_25-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-autogenerated3-25"><span>[</span>25<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Under Rollins, Dell began to loosen its ties to Microsoft and Intel, the two companies responsible for Dell's dominance in the PC business. During that time, Dell acquired <a href="/wiki/Alienware" title="Alienware">Alienware</a>,<sup id="cite_ref-Dell-Inc-Mar-2006-8-K_28-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Dell-Inc-Mar-2006-8-K-28"><span>[</span>28<span>]</span></a></sup> which introduced several new items to Dell products, including <a href="/wiki/Advanced_Micro_Devices" title="Advanced Micro Devices">AMD</a> microprocessors. To prevent cross-market products, Dell continues to run Alienware as a separate entity, but still a wholly owned subsidiary.</p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Rollins_as_CEO_and_disappointments">Rollins as CEO and disappointments</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=3" title="Edit section: Rollins as CEO and disappointments">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>However in 2005, while earnings and sales continued to rise, sales growth slowed considerably, and the company stock lost 25% of its value that year.<sup id="cite_ref-BW0206_29-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-BW0206-29"><span>[</span>29<span>]</span></a></sup> By June 2006, the stock traded around $25 USD which was 40% down from July 2005—the high-water mark of the company in the post-dotcom era.<sup id="cite_ref-nytimes2006_30-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-nytimes2006-30"><span>[</span>30<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-31" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-31"><span>[</span>31<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>The slowing sales growth has been attributed to the maturing PC market, which constituted 66% of Dell's sales, and analysts suggested that Dell needed to make inroads into non-PC businesses segments such as storage, services and servers. Dell's price advantage was tied to its ultra-lean manufacturing for desktop PCs,<sup id="cite_ref-autogenerated1_32-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-autogenerated1-32"><span>[</span>32<span>]</span></a></sup> however this became less important as savings became harder to find inside the company's supply chain, and as competitors such as Hewlett-Packard and Acer made their PC manufacturing operations more efficient to match Dell, weakening Dell's traditional price differentiation.<sup id="cite_ref-news.cnet.com_33-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-news.cnet.com-33"><span>[</span>33<span>]</span></a></sup> Throughout the entire PC industry, declines in prices along with commensurate increases in performance meant that Dell had fewer opportunities to upsell to their customers (a lucrative strategy of encouraging buyers to upgrade the processor or memory). As a result the company was selling a greater proportion of inexpensive PCs than before, which eroded profit margins.<sup id="cite_ref-ZDA_22-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-ZDA-22"><span>[</span>22<span>]</span></a></sup> The laptop segment had become the fastest-growing of the PC market, but Dell produced low-cost notebooks in China like other PC manufacturers which eliminated Dell's manufacturing cost advantages, plus Dell's reliance on Internet sales meant that it missed out on growing notebook sales in big box stores.<a rel="nofollow" class="external autonumber" href="http://news.cnet.com/8301-13506_3-9829431-17.html">[3]</a><sup id="cite_ref-nytimes2006_30-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-nytimes2006-30"><span>[</span>30<span>]</span></a></sup> <i>CNET</i> has suggested that Dell was getting trapped in the increasing commoditization of high volume low margin computers, which prevented it from offering more exciting devices that consumers demanded.<sup id="cite_ref-autogenerated1_32-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-autogenerated1-32"><span>[</span>32<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Despite plans of expanding into other global regions and product segments, Dell was heavily dependent on U.S. corporate PC market, as desktop PCs sold to both commercial and corporate customers accounted for 32 percent of its revenue, 85 percent of its revenue comes from businesses, and Sixty-four percent of its revenue comes from North and South America, according to its 2006 third-quarter results. However, U.S. shipments of desktop PCs were shrinking. Furthermore, the corporate PC market which purchases PCs in upgrade cycles had largely decided to take a break from buying new systems. The last cycle started around 2002, three or so years after companies started buying PCs ahead of the perceived Y2K problems, and corporate clients were not expected to upgrade again until extensive testing of Microsoft's <a href="/wiki/Windows_Vista" title="Windows Vista">Windows Vista</a> (expected in early 2007), putting the next upgrade cycle around 2008.<sup id="cite_ref-ReferenceA_34-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-ReferenceA-34"><span>[</span>34<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-ReferenceB_35-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-ReferenceB-35"><span>[</span>35<span>]</span></a></sup> Heavily depending on PCs, Dell had to slash prices to boost sales volumes, while demanding deep cuts from suppliers.<sup id="cite_ref-autogenerated3_25-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-autogenerated3-25"><span>[</span>25<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Dell had long stuck by its direct sales model. However consumers had become the main drivers of PC sales in recent years,<sup id="cite_ref-ReferenceB_35-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-ReferenceB-35"><span>[</span>35<span>]</span></a></sup> yet there had a decline in consumers purchasing PCs through the Web or on the phone, as increasing numbers were visiting consumer electronics retail stores to try out the devices first. Dell's rivals in the PC industry, HP, Gateway and Acer, had a long retail presence and so were well poised to take advantage of the consumer shift.<sup id="cite_ref-director1_36-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-director1-36"><span>[</span>36<span>]</span></a></sup> The lack of a retail presence stymied Dell's attempts to offer consumer electronics such as flat-panel TVs and MP3 players.<sup id="cite_ref-autogenerated1_32-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-autogenerated1-32"><span>[</span>32<span>]</span></a></sup> Dell responded by experimenting with mall kiosks, plus quasi-retail stores in Texas and New York.<sup id="cite_ref-ReferenceA_34-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-ReferenceA-34"><span>[</span>34<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Dell had a reputation as a company that relied upon supply chain efficiencies to sell established technologies at low prices, instead of being an innovator.<sup id="cite_ref-autogenerated3_25-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-autogenerated3-25"><span>[</span>25<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-autogenerated3_25-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-autogenerated3-25"><span>[</span>25<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-director1_36-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-director1-36"><span>[</span>36<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-37" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-37"><span>[</span>37<span>]</span></a></sup> By the mid-2000s many analysts were looking to innovating companies as the next source of growth in the technology sector. Dell's low spending on R&amp;D relative to its revenue (compared to <a href="/wiki/IBM" title="IBM">IBM</a>, <a href="/wiki/Hewlett_Packard" title="Hewlett Packard" class="mw-redirect">Hewlett Packard</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Apple_Inc." title="Apple Inc.">Apple Inc.</a>)—which worked well in the commoditized PC market—prevented it from making inroads into more lucrative segments, such as MP3 players and later mobile devices.<sup id="cite_ref-BW0206_29-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-BW0206-29"><span>[</span>29<span>]</span></a></sup> Increasing spending on R&amp;D would have cut into the operating margins that the company emphasized.<sup id="cite_ref-bw1103_4-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-bw1103-4"><span>[</span>4<span>]</span></a></sup> Dell had done well with a horizontal organization that focused on PCs when the computing industry moved to horizontal mix-and-match layers in the 1980s, however by the mid-2000 the industry shifted to vertically integrated stacks to deliver complete IT solutions and Dell lagged far behind competitors like Hewlett Packard and Oracle. <sup id="cite_ref-news.cnet.com_33-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-news.cnet.com-33"><span>[</span>33<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Dell's reputation for poor customer service, since 2002, which was exacerbated as it moved call centres offshore and as its growth outstripped its technical support infrastructure, came under increasing scrutiny on the Web. The original Dell model was known for high customer satisfaction when PCs sold for thousands but by the 2000s, the company could not justify that level of service when computers in the same lineup sold for hundreds.<sup id="cite_ref-38" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-38"><span>[</span>38<span>]</span></a></sup> Rollins responded by shifting Dick Hunter from head of manufacturing to head of customer service. Hunter, who noted that Dell's DNA of cost-cutting "got in the way," aimed to reduce call transfer times and have call center representatives resolve inquiries in one call. By 2006, Dell had spent $100 million in just a few months to improve on this, and rolled out <i>DellConnect</i> to answer customer inquiries more quickly. In July 2006, the company started its Direct2Dell blog, and then in February 2007, Michael Dell launched IdeaStorm.com, asking customers for advice including selling Linux computers and reducing the promotional "bloatware" on PCs. These initiatives did manage to cut the negative blog posts from 49% to 22%, as well as reduce the "Dell Hell" prominent on Internet search engines.<sup id="cite_ref-nytimes2006_30-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-nytimes2006-30"><span>[</span>30<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-39" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-39"><span>[</span>39<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>There was also criticism that Dell used faulty components for its PCs, particularly the 11.8 million OptiPlex desktop computers sold to businesses and governments from May 2003 to July 2005, that suffered from bad capacitors made by a company called Nichicon.<sup id="cite_ref-40" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-40"><span>[</span>40<span>]</span></a></sup> A battery recall in August 2006, as a result of a Dell laptop catching fire caused much negative attention for the company though later, <a href="/wiki/Sony" title="Sony">Sony</a> was found responsible for the faulty batteries.<sup id="cite_ref-ZDA_22-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-ZDA-22"><span>[</span>22<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>2006 marked the first year that Dell's growth was slower than the PC industry as a whole. By the fourth quarter of 2006, Dell lost its title of the largest PC manufacturer to rival <a href="/wiki/Hewlett_Packard" title="Hewlett Packard" class="mw-redirect">Hewlett Packard</a> whose Personal Systems Group was invigorated thanks to a restructuring initiated by their CEO <a href="/wiki/Mark_Hurd" title="Mark Hurd">Mark Hurd</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-BW0206_29-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-BW0206-29"><span>[</span>29<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-41" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-41"><span>[</span>41<span>]</span></a></sup> <sup id="cite_ref-42" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-42"><span>[</span>42<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>After four out of five quarterly earnings reports were below expectations, Rollins resigned as President and CEO on January 31, 2007 and founder Michael Dell assumed the role of CEO again.<sup id="cite_ref-Dell-Inc-Feb-2007-8-K_43-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Dell-Inc-Feb-2007-8-K-43"><span>[</span>43<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Dell_2.0_and_downsizing">Dell 2.0 and downsizing</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=4" title="Edit section: Dell 2.0 and downsizing">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>Dell announced a change campaign called "Dell 2.0," reducing the number of employees and diversifying the company's products.<sup id="cite_ref-director1_36-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-director1-36"><span>[</span>36<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-44" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-44"><span>[</span>44<span>]</span></a></sup> While chairman of the board after relinquishing his CEO position, Michael Dell still had significant input in the company during Rollins' years as CEO. However with the return of Michael Dell as CEO, the company saw immediate changes in operations, the exodus of many senior vice-presidents and new personnel brought in from outside the company.<sup id="cite_ref-ReferenceA_34-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-ReferenceA-34"><span>[</span>34<span>]</span></a></sup> Michael Dell announced a number of initiatives and plans (part of the "Dell 2.0" initiative) to improve the company's financial performance. These include elimination of 2006 bonuses for employees with some discretionary awards, reduction in the number of managers reporting directly to Michael Dell from 20 to 12, and reduction of "<a href="/wiki/Bureaucracy" title="Bureaucracy">bureaucracy</a>." Jim Schneider retired as CFO and was replaced by <a href="/wiki/Donald_Carty" title="Donald Carty" class="mw-redirect">Donald Carty</a>, as the company came under an SEC probe for its accounting practices.<sup id="cite_ref-45" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-45"><span>[</span>45<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>On April 23, 2008, Dell announced the closure of one of its biggest Canadian call-centers in <a href="/wiki/Kanata,_Ontario" title="Kanata, Ontario">Kanata, Ontario</a>, terminating approximately 1100 employees, with 500 of those redundancies effective on the spot, and with the official closure of the center scheduled for the summer. The call-center had opened in 2006 after the city of <a href="/wiki/Ottawa" title="Ottawa">Ottawa</a> won a bid to host it. Less than a year later, Dell planned to double its workforce to nearly 3,000 workers add a new building. However these plans were reversed, due to a high <a href="/wiki/Canadian_dollar" title="Canadian dollar">Canadian dollar</a> that made the Ottawa staff relatively expensive, and also as part of Dell's turnaround, which involved moving these call-center jobs offshore to cut costs.<sup id="cite_ref-46" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-46"><span>[</span>46<span>]</span></a></sup> The company had also announced the shutdown of its <a href="/wiki/Edmonton,_Alberta" title="Edmonton, Alberta" class="mw-redirect">Edmonton, Alberta</a> office, losing 900 jobs. In total, Dell announced the ending of about 8,800 jobs in 2007-2008&#160;— 10% of its workforce.<sup id="cite_ref-47" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-47"><span>[</span>47<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>By the late 2000s, Dell's "configure to order" approach of manufacturing—delivering individual PCs configured to customer specifications from its US facilities was no longer as efficient or competitive with high-volume Asian contract manufacturers as PCs became powerful low-cost commodities.<sup id="cite_ref-statesman_5-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-statesman-5"><span>[</span>5<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-statesman1_48-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-statesman1-48"><span>[</span>48<span>]</span></a></sup> Dell closed plants that produced desktop computers for the North American market, including the Mort Topfer Manufacturing Center in <a href="/wiki/Austin,_Texas" title="Austin, Texas">Austin, Texas</a> (original location)<sup id="cite_ref-49" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-49"><span>[</span>49<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-50" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-50"><span>[</span>50<span>]</span></a></sup> and <a href="/wiki/Lebanon,_Tennessee" title="Lebanon, Tennessee">Lebanon, Tennessee</a> (opened in 1999) in 2008 and early 2009, respectively. The desktop production plant in <a href="/wiki/Winston-Salem,_North_Carolina" title="Winston-Salem, North Carolina">Winston-Salem, North Carolina</a> received $280 million USD in incentives from the state and opened in 2005, but ceased operations in November 2010. Dell's contract with the state required them to repay the incentives for failing to meet the conditions, and they sold the North Carolina plant to Herbalife.<sup id="cite_ref-51" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-51"><span>[</span>51<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-theregister.co.uk_52-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-theregister.co.uk-52"><span>[</span>52<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-bizjournals.com_53-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-bizjournals.com-53"><span>[</span>53<span>]</span></a></sup> Most of the work that used to take place in Dell's U.S. plants was transferred to contract manufacturers in Asia and Mexico, or some of Dell's own factories overseas. The <a href="/wiki/Miami" title="Miami">Miami, Florida</a> facility of its <a href="/wiki/Alienware" title="Alienware">Alienware</a> subsidiary remains in operation, while Dell continues to produce its servers (its most profitable products) in <a href="/wiki/Austin,_Texas" title="Austin, Texas">Austin, Texas</a>. <sup id="cite_ref-statesman1_48-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-statesman1-48"><span>[</span>48<span>]</span></a></sup> On January 8, 2009 Dell announced the closure of its manufacturing plant in Limerick, Ireland with the loss of 1,900 jobs and the transfer of production to its plant in <a href="/wiki/%C5%81od%C5%BA" title="Łodź" class="mw-redirect">Łodź</a> in Poland.<sup id="cite_ref-54" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-54"><span>[</span>54<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>The release of Apple's <a href="/wiki/IPad" title="IPad">iPad</a> <a href="/wiki/Tablet_computer" title="Tablet computer">tablet computer</a> had a negative impact on Dell and other major PC vendors, as consumers switched away from desktop and laptop PCs. Dell's own mobility division has not managed success with developing smartphones or tablets, whether running Windows or <a href="/wiki/Google_Android" title="Google Android" class="mw-redirect">Google Android</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-55" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-55"><span>[</span>55<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-beta.fool_56-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-beta.fool-56"><span>[</span>56<span>]</span></a></sup> The <a href="/wiki/Dell_Streak" title="Dell Streak">Dell Streak</a> was a failure commercially and critically due to its outdated OS, numerous bugs, and low resolution screen. <i>InfoWorld</i> suggested that Dell and other OEMs saw tablets as a short-term, low-investment opportunity running <a href="/wiki/Google_Android" title="Google Android" class="mw-redirect">Google Android</a>, an approach that neglected user interface and failed to gain long term market traction with consumers.<sup id="cite_ref-57" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-57"><span>[</span>57<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-58" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-58"><span>[</span>58<span>]</span></a></sup> Dell has responded by pushing higher-end PCs, such as the XPS line of notebooks, which do not compete with the <a href="/wiki/Apple_iPad" title="Apple iPad" class="mw-redirect">Apple iPad</a> and <a href="/wiki/Kindle_Fire" title="Kindle Fire">Kindle Fire</a> tablets.<sup id="cite_ref-59" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-59"><span>[</span>59<span>]</span></a></sup> The growing popularity of smartphones and tablet computers instead of PCs drove Dell's consumer segment to an operating loss in Q3 2012. In December 2012, Dell suffered its first decline in holiday sales in five years, despite the introduction of <a href="/wiki/Windows_8" title="Windows 8">Windows 8</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-60" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-60"><span>[</span>60<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In the shrinking PC industry, Dell continued to lose market share, as it dropped below <a href="/wiki/Lenovo" title="Lenovo">Lenovo</a> in 2011 to fall to number three in the world. Dell and fellow American contemporary <a href="/wiki/Hewlett_Packard" title="Hewlett Packard" class="mw-redirect">Hewlett Packard</a> came under pressure from Asian PC manufacturers <a href="/wiki/Lenovo" title="Lenovo">Lenovo</a>, Asus, and Acer, all of which had lower production costs and willing to accept lower profit margins. In addition, while the Asian PC vendors had been improving their quality and design, for instance Lenovo's <a href="/wiki/ThinkPad" title="ThinkPad">ThinkPad</a> series was winning corporate customers away from Dell's laptops, Dell's customer service and reputation had been slipping.<sup id="cite_ref-61" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-61"><span>[</span>61<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-62" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-62"><span>[</span>62<span>]</span></a></sup> Dell remained the second-most profitable PC vendor, as it took 13 percent of operating profits in the PC industry during Q4 2012, behind <a href="/wiki/Apple_Inc." title="Apple Inc.">Apple Inc.</a>'s Macintosh that took 45 percent, seven percent at <a href="/wiki/Hewlett_Packard" title="Hewlett Packard" class="mw-redirect">Hewlett Packard</a>, six percent at <a href="/wiki/Lenovo" title="Lenovo">Lenovo</a> and Asus, and one percent for Acer.<sup id="cite_ref-63" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-63"><span>[</span>63<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Dell has been attempting to offset its declining PC business, which still accounted for half of its revenue and generates steady cash flow,<sup id="cite_ref-64" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-64"><span>[</span>64<span>]</span></a></sup> by expanding into the enterprise market with servers, networking, software, and services.<sup id="cite_ref-65" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-65"><span>[</span>65<span>]</span></a></sup> It avoided many of the acquisition writedowns and management turnover that plagued its chief rival <a href="/wiki/Hewlett_Packard" title="Hewlett Packard" class="mw-redirect">Hewlett Packard</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-beta.fool_56-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-beta.fool-56"><span>[</span>56<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-chron.com_66-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-chron.com-66"><span>[</span>66<span>]</span></a></sup> Dell also managed some success in taking advantage of its high-touch direct sales heritage to establish close relationships and design solutions for clients. However despite spending $13 billion on acquisitions to diversify its portfolio beyond hardware,<sup id="cite_ref-bloomberg.com_7-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-bloomberg.com-7"><span>[</span>7<span>]</span></a></sup> the company was unable to convince the market that it could thrive or made the transformation in the post-PC world,<sup id="cite_ref-chron.com_66-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-chron.com-66"><span>[</span>66<span>]</span></a></sup> as it suffered continued declines in revenue and share price.<sup id="cite_ref-67" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-67"><span>[</span>67<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-68" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-68"><span>[</span>68<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-69" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-69"><span>[</span>69<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-economist_70-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-economist-70"><span>[</span>70<span>]</span></a></sup> Dell's market share in the corporate segment was previously a "moat" against rivals but this has no longer been the case as sales and profits have dropped fallen precipitously. <sup id="cite_ref-71" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-71"><span>[</span>71<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="2013_buyout">2013 buyout</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=5" title="Edit section: 2013 buyout">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>After several weeks of rumors, which started around January 11, 2013, Dell announced on February 5, 2013 that it had struck a $24.4 billion <a href="/wiki/Leveraged_buyout" title="Leveraged buyout">leveraged buyout</a> deal, that would have delisted its shares from the NASDAQ and Hong Kong Stock Exchange and taken it private.<sup id="cite_ref-autogenerated2_72-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-autogenerated2-72"><span>[</span>72<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-73" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-73"><span>[</span>73<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-buyout_74-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-buyout-74"><span>[</span>74<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-75" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-75"><span>[</span>75<span>]</span></a></sup> <a href="/wiki/Michael_Dell" title="Michael Dell">Michael Dell</a> and <a href="/wiki/Silver_Lake_Partners" title="Silver Lake Partners">Silver Lake Partners</a>, aided by a $2 billion loan from <a href="/wiki/Microsoft" title="Microsoft">Microsoft</a>, will buy the public shares at $13.65 a piece.<sup id="cite_ref-buyout_74-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-buyout-74"><span>[</span>74<span>]</span></a></sup> The $24.4 billion buyout is the largest leveraged buyout backed by private equity since the <a href="/wiki/2007_financial_crisis" title="2007 financial crisis" class="mw-redirect">2007 financial crisis</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-buyout2_76-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-buyout2-76"><span>[</span>76<span>]</span></a></sup> It is also the largest technology buyout ever, surpassing the 2006 buyout of <a href="/wiki/Freescale_Semiconductor" title="Freescale Semiconductor">Freescale Semiconductor</a> for $17.5 billion.<sup id="cite_ref-buyout2_76-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-buyout2-76"><span>[</span>76<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>The founder of Dell, Michael Dell, said of the buyout "I believe this transaction will open an exciting new chapter for Dell, our customers and team members".<sup id="cite_ref-buyout3_77-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-buyout3-77"><span>[</span>77<span>]</span></a></sup> Dell rival <a href="/wiki/Lenovo" title="Lenovo">Lenovo</a> reacted to the buyout, saying "the financial actions of some of our traditional competitors will not substantially change our outlook".<sup id="cite_ref-buyout3_77-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-buyout3-77"><span>[</span>77<span>]</span></a></sup> Meanwhile, HP stated that Dell's traditional product innovation might suffer as a result of the buyout.<sup id="cite_ref-78" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-78"><span>[</span>78<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>The buyout price represents a small premium over the current stock price, and much lower than the stock's all-time high of $65 USD per share reached during the dotcom bubble in 2000, as well as its July 2005 price of $40 USD which was the high-water mark of the post-dotcom era. The price of $13.65 per share represented a 25 per cent premium to the stock price, but far below the 52-week high of $18.36, and more than 76 per cent off its all-time high.<sup id="cite_ref-Gelles_79-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Gelles-79"><span>[</span>79<span>]</span></a></sup> Several major institutional shareholders have voiced opposition, including Southeastern Asset Management and <a href="/wiki/Mason_Hawkins" title="Mason Hawkins">Mason Hawkins</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-80" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-80"><span>[</span>80<span>]</span></a></sup> Michael Dell owns the largest single share of the company's stock and was part of negotiations to go private,<sup id="cite_ref-81" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-81"><span>[</span>81<span>]</span></a></sup> however he is offering only $750 million of his own money for a deal that will involve almost $16 billion in new debt.<sup id="cite_ref-82" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-82"><span>[</span>82<span>]</span></a></sup> <a href="/wiki/T._Rowe_Price" title="T. Rowe Price">T. Rowe Price</a>, which has the third largest holding, also objected to the low price of the proposal.<sup id="cite_ref-83" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-83"><span>[</span>83<span>]</span></a></sup> Southeastern Asset Management, the largest shareholder of Dell stock with about 8.5%, is opposed to the deal at the per share price of $13.50 to $13.75 as they value the company at $23.72 a share.<sup id="cite_ref-84" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-84"><span>[</span>84<span>]</span></a></sup> Southeastern also complained that the overseas funds aren't offered to sweeten the buyout offer.<sup id="cite_ref-85" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-85"><span>[</span>85<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Typical leveraged buyouts have been viewed as tools of <a href="/wiki/Vulture_capitalist" title="Vulture capitalist">vulture capitalists</a>. Ordinarily, the buyer seeks to break up the firm and layoff workers, or bring greater efficiency and new management to a troubled firm. The Dell leveraged buyout is unusual because the driving force behind the deal was not a vulture capitalist, but rather, Michael Dell, who was already the Chairman and CEO, founder, and largest shareholder of the firm. Unlike most leveraged buyouts that aim to wrest management control away from incumbents, the Dell deal intends to keep the same leadership team in place. The main aim of Dell's leveraged buyout is to rejigger the company’s financial structure.<sup id="cite_ref-dodge_86-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-dodge-86"><span>[</span>86<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-dodge_86-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-dodge-86"><span>[</span>86<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-dodge_86-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-dodge-86"><span>[</span>86<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-10k12_87-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10k12-87"><span>[</span>87<span>]</span></a></sup> By going private, Dell would be able to radically restructure its legacy PC business and build up its enterprise solutions and cloud computing, without worrying about the impact on its quarterly results and its stock price.<sup id="cite_ref-economist_70-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-economist-70"><span>[</span>70<span>]</span></a></sup> <a href="/wiki/Gartner" title="Gartner">Gartner</a> has warned that this may include Dell leaving the PC market entirely.<sup id="cite_ref-88" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-88"><span>[</span>88<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In March 2013, the <a href="/wiki/Blackstone_Group" title="Blackstone Group" class="mw-redirect">Blackstone Group</a> and <a href="/wiki/Carl_Icahn" title="Carl Icahn">Carl Icahn</a> expressed interest in purchasing Dell.<sup id="cite_ref-89" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-89"><span>[</span>89<span>]</span></a></sup> In April 2013, Blackstone withdrew their offer, citing deteriorating business.<sup id="cite_ref-90" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-90"><span>[</span>90<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-nyt_91-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-nyt-91"><span>[</span>91<span>]</span></a></sup> Other private equity firms such as KKR &amp; Co. and TPG Capital declined to submit alternative bids for Dell, citing the uncertain market for personal computers and competitive pressures, so the "wide-open bidding war" never materialized.<sup id="cite_ref-bloomberg.com_7-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-bloomberg.com-7"><span>[</span>7<span>]</span></a></sup> Analysts said that the biggest challenge facing Silver Lake would be to find an “exit strategy” to profit from its investment, which would be when the company would hold an IPO to go public again, and one warned “But even if you can get a $25bn enterprise value for Dell, it will take years to get out.”<sup id="cite_ref-Gelles_79-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Gelles-79"><span>[</span>79<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In May 2013, Dell joined his board in voting for his offer.<sup id="cite_ref-92" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-92"><span>[</span>92<span>]</span></a></sup> The following August he reached a deal with the special committee on the board for a raised price of $13.75 plus a special dividend of 13 cents per share, as well as a change to the voting rules.<sup id="cite_ref-93" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-93"><span>[</span>93<span>]</span></a></sup> The offer was accepted on September 12<sup id="cite_ref-94" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-94"><span>[</span>94<span>]</span></a></sup> and closed on October 30, 2013, ending Dell's 25-year run as a publicly traded company.</p> +<p>After the buyout the newly private Dell offered a Voluntary Separation Programme that they expected to reduce their workforce by up to seven percent. The reception to the program so exceeded the expectations that Dell may be forced to hire new staff to make up for the losses.<sup id="cite_ref-95" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-95"><span>[</span>95<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Acquisitions">Acquisitions</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=6" title="Edit section: Acquisitions">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<div class="hatnote boilerplate seealso">For more details on this topic, see <a href="/wiki/List_of_Dell_ownership_activities" title="List of Dell ownership activities">List of Dell ownership activities</a>.</div> +<ul> +<li>In 2006, Dell acquired <a href="/wiki/Alienware" title="Alienware">Alienware</a>, a manufacturer of high-end PCs popular with gamers.<sup id="cite_ref-96" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-96"><span>[</span>96<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-97" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-97"><span>[</span>97<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-AW_98-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-AW-98"><span>[</span>98<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li>The company acquired <a href="/wiki/EqualLogic" title="EqualLogic">EqualLogic</a> on January 28, 2008, to gain a foothold in the <a href="/wiki/ISCSI" title="ISCSI">iSCSI</a> storage market.<sup id="cite_ref-Dell-Inc-Nov-2007-8-K_99-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Dell-Inc-Nov-2007-8-K-99"><span>[</span>99<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-Dell-Inc-Jan-2008-8-K_100-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Dell-Inc-Jan-2008-8-K-100"><span>[</span>100<span>]</span></a></sup> Because Dell already had an efficient manufacturing process, integrating EqualLogic's products into the company drove manufacturing prices down.<sup id="cite_ref-101" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-101"><span>[</span>101<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +</ul> +<div class="thumb tright"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:172px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Perotsystems.png" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/e/e9/Perotsystems.png" width="170" height="34" class="thumbimage" data-file-width="170" data-file-height="34" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Perotsystems.png" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +In 2009, Dell acquired <a href="/wiki/Perot_Systems" title="Perot Systems">Perot Systems</a>, a technology services and outsourcing company, mainly active in the health-sector, founded by former presidential hopeful <a href="/wiki/H._Ross_Perot" title="H. Ross Perot" class="mw-redirect">H. Ross Perot</a></div> +</div> +</div> +<ul> +<li>In 2009, Dell acquired <a href="/wiki/Perot_Systems" title="Perot Systems">Perot Systems</a>, based in <a href="/wiki/Plano,_Texas" title="Plano, Texas">Plano, Texas</a>, in a reported $3.9&#160;billion deal, and amalgamated into Dell Services.<sup id="cite_ref-Dell-Inc-Sep-2009-8-K_102-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Dell-Inc-Sep-2009-8-K-102"><span>[</span>102<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-103" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-103"><span>[</span>103<span>]</span></a></sup> The acquired business provided Dell with applications development, systems integration, and strategic consulting services through its operations in the U.S. and 10 other countries. In addition, the acquisition of Perot brought a variety of business process outsourcing services, including claims processing and call center operations.<sup id="cite_ref-104" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-104"><span>[</span>104<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li>On February 10, 2010, the company acquired <a href="/wiki/KACE_Networks" title="KACE Networks">KACE Networks</a> a leader in Systems Management Appliances. The terms of the deal were not disclosed.<sup id="cite_ref-105" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-105"><span>[</span>105<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li>On August 16, 2010, Dell announced plans to acquire the data storage company <a href="/wiki/3PAR" title="3PAR" class="mw-redirect">3PAR</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-Dell-Inc-Aug-2010-8-K_106-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Dell-Inc-Aug-2010-8-K-106"><span>[</span>106<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-107" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-107"><span>[</span>107<span>]</span></a></sup> On September 2, <a href="/wiki/Hewlett-Packard" title="Hewlett-Packard">Hewlett-Packard</a> offered $33 a share for 3PAR, which Dell declined to match.<sup id="cite_ref-Dell-Inc-Sep-2010-SC-TO-T.2FA_108-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Dell-Inc-Sep-2010-SC-TO-T.2FA-108"><span>[</span>108<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-109" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-109"><span>[</span>109<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li>On November 2, 2010, Dell acquired Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) integration leader Boomi. Terms of the deal were not disclosed.<sup id="cite_ref-htanna_110-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-htanna-110"><span>[</span>110<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li>In February 2011, Dell completed the acquisition of <a href="/wiki/Dell_Compellent" title="Dell Compellent">Compellent</a> extending the storage solution portfolio.<sup id="cite_ref-Dell-Inc-Mar-2011-10-K_111-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Dell-Inc-Mar-2011-10-K-111"><span>[</span>111<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li>In August 2011, Dell completed the acquisition of <a href="/wiki/Force10" title="Force10">Force10</a> networks changing the name in Dell Force10.<sup id="cite_ref-reg10_112-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-reg10-112"><span>[</span>112<span>]</span></a></sup> By acquiring this company Dell now has the full <a href="/wiki/Intellectual_property" title="Intellectual property">Intellectual property</a> for their networking portfolio, which was lacking on the Dell PowerConnect range as these products are powered by <a href="/wiki/Broadcom" title="Broadcom">Broadcom</a> or <a href="/wiki/Marvell_Technology_Group" title="Marvell Technology Group">Marcell</a> IM.</li> +<li>On February 24, 2012, Dell acquired backup and disaster recovery software solution provider <a href="/wiki/Dell_AppAssure" title="Dell AppAssure">AppAssure</a> Software of Reston, VA.<sup id="cite_ref-Dell-Inc-May-2012-10-Q_113-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Dell-Inc-May-2012-10-Q-113"><span>[</span>113<span>]</span></a></sup> AppAssure delivered 194 percent revenue growth in 2011 and over 3500% growth in the prior three years. AppAssure supports physical servers and VMware, Hyper-V and XenServer. The deal represents the first acquisition since Dell formed its software division under former CA CEO John Swainson. Dell added that it will keep AppAssure’s 230 employees and invest in the company.</li> +</ul> +<ul> +<li>In March 2012, <a href="/wiki/USA_Today" title="USA Today">USA Today</a> said that Dell agreed to buy <a href="/wiki/SonicWall" title="SonicWall">SonicWall</a>, and the acquisition was completed 9 May 2012.<sup id="cite_ref-114" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-114"><span>[</span>114<span>]</span></a></sup> A company with 130 patents, SonicWall develops security products, and is a network and data security provider.<sup id="cite_ref-115" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-115"><span>[</span>115<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li>On April 2, 2012, Dell announced that it wants to acquire <a href="/wiki/Wyse" title="Wyse" class="mw-redirect">Wyse</a>, global market-leader for <a href="/wiki/Thin_client" title="Thin client">thin client</a> systems<sup id="cite_ref-Dell-Inc-May-2012-10-Q_113-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Dell-Inc-May-2012-10-Q-113"><span>[</span>113<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-116" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-116"><span>[</span>116<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li>On April 3, 2012, Dell announced that it acquired <b>Clerity Solutions</b>. Clerity, a company offering services for application (re)hosting, was formed in 1994 and has it headquarters in Chicago. At the time of the take-over approximately 70 people were working for the company.<sup id="cite_ref-Dell-Inc-May-2012-10-Q_113-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Dell-Inc-May-2012-10-Q-113"><span>[</span>113<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-117" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-117"><span>[</span>117<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li>On July 2, 2012, Dell announced that it was buying <a href="/wiki/Quest_Software" title="Quest Software">Quest Software</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-Dell-Inc-Jul-2012-8-K_118-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Dell-Inc-Jul-2012-8-K-118"><span>[</span>118<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-119" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-119"><span>[</span>119<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-120" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-120"><span>[</span>120<span>]</span></a></sup> The acquisition was completed on 28 September 2012<sup id="cite_ref-121" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-121"><span>[</span>121<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li>On November 16, 2012, Dell announced it was acquiring <a href="/wiki/Gale_Technologies" title="Gale Technologies">Gale Technologies</a>, a provider of Infrastructure Automation Products. Gale Technologies was founded in 2008 and is headquartered in Santa Clara, California<sup id="cite_ref-122" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-122"><span>[</span>122<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li>On December 18, 2012, Dell announced it was acquiring <a href="/wiki/Credant_Technologies" title="Credant Technologies">Credant Technologies</a>, a provider of storage protection solutions.<sup id="cite_ref-123" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-123"><span>[</span>123<span>]</span></a></sup> Credant is the 19th acquisition in four years, as Dell had spent $13 billion on acquisitions since 2008 and $5 billion in the past year alone.<sup id="cite_ref-124" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-124"><span>[</span>124<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li>On March 24, 2014, Dell announced it was acquiring <a href="/wiki/StatSoft" title="StatSoft">StatSoft</a>, a global provider of analytics software, in order to bolster its Big Data solutions offering.<sup id="cite_ref-125" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-125"><span>[</span>125<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +</ul> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Dell_facilities">Dell facilities</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=7" title="Edit section: Dell facilities">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<p>Dell's headquarters is located in <a href="/wiki/Round_Rock,_Texas" title="Round Rock, Texas">Round Rock, Texas</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-126" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-126"><span>[</span>126<span>]</span></a></sup> As of 2013 the company employs about 14,000 people in central Texas and is the region's largest private employer,<sup id="cite_ref-AS_127-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-AS-127"><span>[</span>127<span>]</span></a></sup> which has 2,100,000 square feet (200,000&#160;m<sup>2</sup>) of space.<sup id="cite_ref-GreenHQ_128-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-GreenHQ-128"><span>[</span>128<span>]</span></a></sup> As of 1999 almost half of the general fund of the City of Round Rock originates from sales taxes generated from the Dell headquarters.<sup id="cite_ref-129" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-129"><span>[</span>129<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Dell previously had its headquarters in the Arboretum complex in northern <a href="/wiki/Austin,_Texas" title="Austin, Texas">Austin, Texas</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-PopeDis_130-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-PopeDis-130"><span>[</span>130<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-131" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-131"><span>[</span>131<span>]</span></a></sup> In 1989 Dell occupied 127,000 square feet (11,800&#160;m<sup>2</sup>) in the Arboretum complex.<sup id="cite_ref-132" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-132"><span>[</span>132<span>]</span></a></sup> In 1990, Dell had 1,200 employees in its headquarters.<sup id="cite_ref-PopeDis_130-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-PopeDis-130"><span>[</span>130<span>]</span></a></sup> In 1993, Dell submitted a document to Round Rock officials, titled "Dell Computer Corporate Headquarters, Round Rock, Texas, May 1993 Schematic Design." Despite the filing, during that year the company said that it was not going to move its headquarters.<sup id="cite_ref-133" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-133"><span>[</span>133<span>]</span></a></sup> In 1994, Dell announced that it was moving most of its employees out of the Arboretum, but that it was going to continue to occupy the top floor of the Arboretum and that the company's official headquarters address would continue to be the Arboretum. The top floor continued to hold Dell's board room, demonstration center, and visitor meeting room. Less than one month prior to August 29, 1994, Dell moved 1,100 customer support and telephone sales employees to Round Rock.<sup id="cite_ref-134" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-134"><span>[</span>134<span>]</span></a></sup> Dell's lease in the Arboretum had been scheduled to expire in 1994.<sup id="cite_ref-135" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-135"><span>[</span>135<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<div class="thumb tleft"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:277px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Dell_diamond2.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/52/Dell_diamond2.jpg/275px-Dell_diamond2.jpg" width="275" height="118" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/52/Dell_diamond2.jpg/413px-Dell_diamond2.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/52/Dell_diamond2.jpg/550px-Dell_diamond2.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1224" data-file-height="527" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Dell_diamond2.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +The company sponsors <a href="/wiki/Dell_Diamond" title="Dell Diamond">Dell Diamond</a>, the home stadium of the <a href="/wiki/Round_Rock_Express" title="Round Rock Express">Round Rock Express</a>, the AAA <a href="/wiki/Minor_league_baseball" title="Minor league baseball" class="mw-redirect">minor league baseball</a> affiliate of the <a href="/wiki/Texas_Rangers_(baseball)" title="Texas Rangers (baseball)">Texas Rangers</a> major league baseball team</div> +</div> +</div> +<p>By 1996, Dell was moving its headquarters to Round Rock.<sup id="cite_ref-HQMoving_136-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-HQMoving-136"><span>[</span>136<span>]</span></a></sup> As of January 1996 3,500 people still worked at the current Dell headquarters. One building of the Round Rock headquarters, Round Rock 3, had space for 6,400 employees and was scheduled to be completed in November 1996.<sup id="cite_ref-137" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-137"><span>[</span>137<span>]</span></a></sup> In 1998 Dell announced that it was going to add two buildings to its Round Rock complex, adding 1,600,000 square feet (150,000&#160;m<sup>2</sup>) of office space to the complex.<sup id="cite_ref-138" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-138"><span>[</span>138<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In 2000, Dell announced that it would lease 80,000 square feet (7,400&#160;m<sup>2</sup>) of space in the <a href="/wiki/Las_Cimas" title="Las Cimas">Las Cimas</a> office complex in <a href="/wiki/Unincorporated_area" title="Unincorporated area">unincorporated</a> <a href="/wiki/Travis_County,_Texas" title="Travis County, Texas">Travis County, Texas</a>, between Austin and <a href="/wiki/West_Lake_Hills" title="West Lake Hills" class="mw-redirect">West Lake Hills</a>, to house the company's executive offices and corporate headquarters. 100 senior executives were scheduled to work in the building by the end of 2000.<sup id="cite_ref-139" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-139"><span>[</span>139<span>]</span></a></sup> In January 2001, the company leased the space in Las Cimas 2, located along <a href="/wiki/Loop_360" title="Loop 360" class="mw-redirect">Loop 360</a>. Las Cimas 2 housed Dell's executives, the investment operations, and some corporate functions. Dell also had an option for 138,000 square feet (12,800&#160;m<sup>2</sup>) of space in Las Cimas 3.<sup id="cite_ref-Subleaselascimas_140-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Subleaselascimas-140"><span>[</span>140<span>]</span></a></sup> After a slowdown in business required reducing employees and production capacity, Dell decided to sublease its offices in two buildings in the Las Cimas office complex.<sup id="cite_ref-141" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-141"><span>[</span>141<span>]</span></a></sup> In 2002 Dell announced that it planned to sublease its space to another tenant; the company planned to move its headquarters back to Round Rock once a tenant was secured.<sup id="cite_ref-Subleaselascimas_140-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Subleaselascimas-140"><span>[</span>140<span>]</span></a></sup> By 2003, Dell moved its headquarters back to Round Rock. It leased all of Las Cimas I and II, with a total of 312,000 square feet (29,000&#160;m<sup>2</sup>), for about a seven-year period after 2003. By that year roughly 100,000 square feet (9,300&#160;m<sup>2</sup>) of that space was absorbed by new subtenants.<sup id="cite_ref-142" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-142"><span>[</span>142<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In 2008, Dell switched the power sources of the Round Rock headquarters to more environmentally friendly ones, with 60% of the total power coming from <a href="/wiki/TXU_Energy" title="TXU Energy" class="mw-redirect">TXU Energy</a> wind farms and 40% coming from the Austin Community Landfill gas-to-energy plant operated by <a href="/wiki/Waste_Management,_Inc." title="Waste Management, Inc." class="mw-redirect">Waste Management, Inc.</a><sup id="cite_ref-GreenHQ_128-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-GreenHQ-128"><span>[</span>128<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Dell facilities in the United States are located in <a href="/wiki/Austin,_Texas" title="Austin, Texas">Austin, Texas</a>; <a href="/wiki/Plano,_Texas" title="Plano, Texas">Plano, Texas</a>; <a href="/wiki/Nashua,_New_Hampshire" title="Nashua, New Hampshire">Nashua, New Hampshire</a>; <a href="/wiki/Nashville,_Tennessee" title="Nashville, Tennessee">Nashville, Tennessee</a>; <a href="/wiki/Oklahoma_City" title="Oklahoma City">Oklahoma City</a>, Oklahoma; <a href="/wiki/Peoria,_Illinois" title="Peoria, Illinois">Peoria, Illinois</a>; <a href="/wiki/Hillsboro,_Oregon" title="Hillsboro, Oregon">Hillsboro, Oregon</a> (Portland area); <a href="/wiki/Winston-Salem,_North_Carolina" title="Winston-Salem, North Carolina">Winston-Salem, North Carolina</a>; <a href="/wiki/Eden_Prairie,_Minnesota" title="Eden Prairie, Minnesota">Eden Prairie, Minnesota</a> (<a href="/wiki/Compellent" title="Compellent" class="mw-redirect">Dell Compellent</a>); <a href="/wiki/Bowling_Green,_Kentucky" title="Bowling Green, Kentucky">Bowling Green, Kentucky</a>; <a href="/wiki/Lincoln,_Nebraska" title="Lincoln, Nebraska">Lincoln, Nebraska</a>; and Miami, Florida. Facilities located abroad include <a href="/wiki/Penang,_Malaysia" title="Penang, Malaysia" class="mw-redirect">Penang, Malaysia</a>; <a href="/wiki/Xiamen" title="Xiamen">Xiamen</a>, China; <a href="/wiki/Bracknell" title="Bracknell">Bracknell</a>, UK; <a href="/wiki/Manila,_Philippines" title="Manila, Philippines" class="mw-redirect">Manila, Philippines</a><sup id="cite_ref-143" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-143"><span>[</span>143<span>]</span></a></sup> <a href="/wiki/Chennai,_India" title="Chennai, India" class="mw-redirect">Chennai, India</a>;<sup id="cite_ref-144" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-144"><span>[</span>144<span>]</span></a></sup> <a href="/wiki/Hyderabad,_India" title="Hyderabad, India" class="mw-redirect">Hyderabad, India</a>; <a href="/wiki/Noida,_India" title="Noida, India" class="mw-redirect">Noida, India</a>; <a href="/wiki/Hortol%C3%A2ndia" title="Hortolândia">Hortolandia</a> and <a href="/wiki/Porto_Alegre" title="Porto Alegre">Porto Alegre</a>, Brazil; <a href="/wiki/Bratislava" title="Bratislava">Bratislava</a>, Slovakia; <a href="/wiki/%C5%81%C3%B3d%C5%BA" title="Łódź">Łódź, Poland</a>,<sup id="cite_ref-145" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-145"><span>[</span>145<span>]</span></a></sup> Panama City in <a href="/wiki/Panama" title="Panama">Panama</a>, <a href="/wiki/Dublin" title="Dublin">Dublin</a> and <a href="/wiki/Limerick" title="Limerick">Limerick</a>, Ireland and <a href="/wiki/Casablanca" title="Casablanca">Casablanca</a>, Morocco<sup id="cite_ref-146" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-146"><span>[</span>146<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>The US and India are the only countries that have all Dell's business functions and provide support globally: research and development, manufacturing, finance, analysis, and customer care.<sup id="cite_ref-tech.fortune.cnn.com_147-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-tech.fortune.cnn.com-147"><span>[</span>147<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Manufacturing">Manufacturing</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=8" title="Edit section: Manufacturing">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>From its early beginnings, Dell operated as a pioneer in the "configure to order" approach to manufacturing—delivering individual PCs configured to customer specifications. In contrast, most PC manufacturers in those times delivered large orders to intermediaries on a quarterly basis.<sup id="cite_ref-148" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-148"><span>[</span>148<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>To minimize the delay between purchase and delivery, Dell has a general policy of manufacturing its products close to its customers. This also allows for implementing a <a href="/wiki/Just-in-time_(business)" title="Just-in-time (business)" class="mw-redirect">just-in-time</a> (JIT) manufacturing approach, which minimizes <a href="/wiki/Inventory" title="Inventory">inventory</a> costs. Low inventory is another signature of the Dell business model—a critical consideration in an industry where components depreciate very rapidly.<sup id="cite_ref-149" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-149"><span>[</span>149<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Dell's manufacturing process covers assembly, software installation, functional testing (including "burn-in"), and quality control. Throughout most of the company's history, Dell manufactured desktop machines in-house and contracted out manufacturing of base notebooks for configuration in-house.<sup id="cite_ref-150" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-150"><span>[</span>150<span>]</span></a></sup> However, the company's approach has changed, as cited in the 2006 Annual Report, which states, "We are continuing to expand our use of original design manufacturing partnerships and manufacturing outsourcing relationships." <i>The Wall Street Journal</i> reported in September, 2008 that "Dell has approached contract computer manufacturers with offers to sell" their plants.<sup id="cite_ref-151" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-151"><span>[</span>151<span>]</span></a></sup> By the late 2000s, Dell's "configure to order" approach of manufacturing—delivering individual PCs configured to customer specifications from its US facilities was no longer as efficient or competitive with high-volume Asian contract manufacturers as PCs became powerful low-cost commodities.<sup id="cite_ref-statesman1_48-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-statesman1-48"><span>[</span>48<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Assembly of desktop computers for the North American market formerly took place at Dell plants in <a href="/wiki/Austin,_Texas" title="Austin, Texas">Austin, Texas</a> (original location) and <a href="/wiki/Lebanon,_Tennessee" title="Lebanon, Tennessee">Lebanon, Tennessee</a> (opened in 1999), which have been closed in 2008 and early 2009, respectively. The plant in <a href="/wiki/Winston-Salem,_North_Carolina" title="Winston-Salem, North Carolina">Winston-Salem, North Carolina</a> received $280 million USD in incentives from the state and opened in 2005, but ceased operations in November 2010, and Dell's contract with the state requires them to repay the incentives for failing to meet the conditions.<sup id="cite_ref-theregister.co.uk_52-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-theregister.co.uk-52"><span>[</span>52<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-bizjournals.com_53-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-bizjournals.com-53"><span>[</span>53<span>]</span></a></sup> Most of the work that used to take place in Dell's U.S. plants was transferred to contract manufacturers in Asia and Mexico, or some of Dell's own factories overseas. The <a href="/wiki/Miami,_Florida" title="Miami, Florida" class="mw-redirect">Miami, Florida</a> facility of its <a href="/wiki/Alienware" title="Alienware">Alienware</a> subsidiary remains in operation, while Dell continues to produce its servers (its most profitable products) in <a href="/wiki/Austin,_Texas" title="Austin, Texas">Austin, Texas</a>. <sup id="cite_ref-statesman1_48-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-statesman1-48"><span>[</span>48<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Dell assembled computers for the <a href="/wiki/Europe,_the_Middle_East,_and_Africa" title="Europe, the Middle East, and Africa" class="mw-redirect">EMEA</a> market at the <a href="/wiki/Limerick" title="Limerick">Limerick</a> facility in the Republic of Ireland, and once employed about 4,500 people in that country. Dell began manufacturing in Limerick in 1991 and went on to become Ireland's largest exporter of goods and its second-largest company and foreign investor. On January 8, 2009, Dell announced that it would move all Dell manufacturing in Limerick to Dell's new plant in the Polish city of <a href="/wiki/%C5%81%C3%B3d%C5%BA" title="Łódź">Łódź</a> by January 2010.<sup id="cite_ref-152" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-152"><span>[</span>152<span>]</span></a></sup> <a href="/wiki/European_Union" title="European Union">European Union</a> officials said they would investigate a €52.7million aid package the Polish government used to attract Dell away from Ireland.<sup id="cite_ref-153" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-153"><span>[</span>153<span>]</span></a></sup> European Manufacturing Facility 1 (EMF1, opened in 1990) and EMF3 form part of the <a href="/wiki/Raheen_Industrial_Estate" title="Raheen Industrial Estate" class="mw-redirect">Raheen Industrial Estate</a> near Limerick. EMF2 (previously a <a href="/wiki/Wang_Laboratories" title="Wang Laboratories">Wang</a> facility, later occupied by <a href="/wiki/Flextronics" title="Flextronics">Flextronics</a>, situated in Castletroy) closed in 2002,<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (September 2007)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup> and Dell Inc. has consolidated production into EMF3 (EMF1 now<sup class="noprint Inline-Template" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Manual_of_Style/Dates_and_numbers#Chronological_items" title="Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Dates and numbers"><span title="The time period mentioned near this tag is ambiguous. (January 2010)">when?</span></a></i>]</sup> contains only offices).<sup id="cite_ref-154" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-154"><span>[</span>154<span>]</span></a></sup> Subsidies from the Polish government did keep Dell for a long time.<sup id="cite_ref-155" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-155"><span>[</span>155<span>]</span></a></sup> After ending assembly in the Limerick plant the <a href="/wiki/Cherrywood,_Dublin" title="Cherrywood, Dublin">Cherrywood</a> Technology Campus in Dublin was the largest Dell office in the republic with over 1200 people in sales (mainly UK &amp; Ireland), support (enterprise support for EMEA) and research and development for cloud computing, but no more manufacturing except <sup id="cite_ref-ida_156-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-ida-156"><span>[</span>156<span>]</span></a></sup> Dell's Alienware subsidiary, which manufactures PCs in an Athlone, Ireland plant. Whether this facility will remain in Ireland is not certain.<sup id="cite_ref-157" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-157"><span>[</span>157<span>]</span></a></sup> Construction of EMF4 in <a href="/wiki/%C5%81%C3%B3d%C5%BA" title="Łódź">Łódź</a>, Poland has started<sup class="plainlinks noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="//en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit">[update]</a></sup>: Dell started production there in autumn 2007.<sup id="cite_ref-158" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-158"><span>[</span>158<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Dell opened plants in Penang, <a href="/wiki/Malaysia" title="Malaysia">Malaysia</a> in 1995, and in Xiamen, China in 1999. These facilities serve the Asian market and assemble 95% of Dell notebooks. Dell Inc. has invested<sup class="noprint Inline-Template" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Manual_of_Style/Dates_and_numbers#Chronological_items" title="Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Dates and numbers"><span title="The time period mentioned near this tag is ambiguous. (October 2009)">when?</span></a></i>]</sup> an estimated $60&#160;million in a new manufacturing unit in <a href="/wiki/Chennai" title="Chennai">Chennai</a>, India, to support the sales of its products in the <a href="/wiki/Indian_subcontinent" title="Indian subcontinent">Indian subcontinent</a>. Indian-made products bear the "Made in India" mark. In 2007 the Chennai facility had the target of producing 400,000 desktop PCs, and plans envisaged it starting to produce notebook PCs and other products in the second half of 2007.<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (July 2007)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup></p> +<p>Dell moved desktop and PowerEdge server manufacturing for the South American market from the <a href="/wiki/Eldorado_do_Sul,_Brazil" title="Eldorado do Sul, Brazil" class="mw-redirect">Eldorado do Sul</a> plant opened in 1999, to a new plant in <a href="/wiki/Hortol%C3%A2ndia" title="Hortolândia">Hortolandia, Brazil</a> in 2007.<sup id="cite_ref-159" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-159"><span>[</span>159<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Products">Products</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=9" title="Edit section: Products">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Scope_and_brands">Scope and brands</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=10" title="Edit section: Scope and brands">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<div class="thumb tright"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:252px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Dell_wiki.JPG" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e4/Dell_wiki.JPG/250px-Dell_wiki.JPG" width="250" height="188" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e4/Dell_wiki.JPG/375px-Dell_wiki.JPG 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e4/Dell_wiki.JPG/500px-Dell_wiki.JPG 2x" data-file-width="2000" data-file-height="1500" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Dell_wiki.JPG" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +Dell's tagline 'Yours is Here', as seen at their <a href="/wiki/SM_Mall_of_Asia" title="SM Mall of Asia">Mall of Asia</a> branch in <a href="/wiki/Pasay_City" title="Pasay City" class="mw-redirect">Pasay City</a>, Philippines</div> +</div> +</div> +<p>The corporation markets specific brand names to different <a href="/wiki/Market_segment" title="Market segment" class="mw-redirect">market segments</a>.</p> +<p>Its Business/Corporate class represent brands where the company advertising emphasizes long <a href="/wiki/Technology_lifecycle" title="Technology lifecycle" class="mw-redirect">life-cycles</a>, reliability, and serviceability. Such brands include:</p> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_OptiPlex" title="Dell OptiPlex">OptiPlex</a> (office <a href="/wiki/Desktop_computer" title="Desktop computer">desktop computer</a> systems)</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Dimension" title="Dell Dimension">Dimension</a> (home <a href="/wiki/Desktop_computer" title="Desktop computer">desktop computer</a> systems)</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Vostro" title="Dell Vostro">Vostro</a> (office/small business desktop and <a href="/wiki/Laptop" title="Laptop">notebook</a> systems)</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_n_Series" title="Dell n Series">n Series</a> (desktop and notebook computers shipped with <a href="/wiki/Linux" title="Linux">Linux</a> or <a href="/wiki/FreeDOS" title="FreeDOS">FreeDOS</a> installed)</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Latitude" title="Dell Latitude">Latitude</a> (business-focused notebooks)</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Precision" title="Dell Precision">Precision</a> (<a href="/wiki/Computer_workstation" title="Computer workstation" class="mw-redirect">workstation</a> systems and high-performance notebooks),<sup id="cite_ref-160" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-160"><span>[</span>160<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_PowerEdge" title="Dell PowerEdge">PowerEdge</a> (business <a href="/wiki/Server_(computing)" title="Server (computing)">servers</a>)</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_PowerVault" title="Dell PowerVault">PowerVault</a> (direct-attach and <a href="/wiki/Network-attached_storage" title="Network-attached storage">network-attached storage</a>)</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Force10" title="Dell Force10" class="mw-redirect">Force10</a> (<a href="/wiki/Network_switch" title="Network switch">network switches</a>)</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_PowerConnect" title="Dell PowerConnect">PowerConnect</a> (<a href="/wiki/Network_switch" title="Network switch">network switches</a>)</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Compellent" title="Dell Compellent">Dell Compellent</a> (<a href="/wiki/Storage_area_network" title="Storage area network">storage area networks</a>)</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/EqualLogic" title="EqualLogic">EqualLogic</a> (enterprise class <a href="/wiki/ISCSI" title="ISCSI">iSCSI</a> <a href="/wiki/Storage_area_network" title="Storage area network">SANs</a>)</li> +<li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://content.dell.com/us/en/healthcare/healthcare-electronic-medical-records.aspx">Dell EMR</a> (electronic medical records)</li> +</ul> +<p>Dell's Home Office/Consumer class emphasizes value, performance, and expandability. These brands include:</p> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Inspiron" title="Dell Inspiron">Inspiron</a> (budget desktop and notebook computers)</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_XPS" title="Dell XPS">XPS</a> (high-end desktop and notebook computers)</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Alienware" title="Alienware">Alienware</a> (high-performance gaming systems)</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Venue" title="Dell Venue">Venue</a> (Tablets Android / Windows)</li> +</ul> +<p>Dell's Peripherals class includes <a href="/wiki/Keydrive" title="Keydrive" class="mw-redirect">USB keydrives</a>, <a href="/wiki/Liquid_crystal_display_television" title="Liquid crystal display television" class="mw-redirect">LCD televisions</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Printer_(computing)" title="Printer (computing)">printers</a>; <a href="/wiki/Dell_monitors" title="Dell monitors">Dell monitors</a> includes <a href="/wiki/LCD" title="LCD" class="mw-redirect">LCD TVs</a>, <a href="/wiki/Plasma_display" title="Plasma display">plasma TVs</a> and <a href="/wiki/Video_projector" title="Video projector">projectors</a> for <a href="/wiki/High_definition_television" title="High definition television" class="mw-redirect">HDTV</a> and <a href="/wiki/Computer_display" title="Computer display" class="mw-redirect">monitors</a>. Dell <a href="/wiki/UltraSharp" title="UltraSharp" class="mw-redirect">UltraSharp</a> is further a high-end brand of <a href="/wiki/Dell_monitors" title="Dell monitors">monitors</a>.</p> +<p>Dell service and support brands include the <i>Dell Solution Station</i> (extended domestic support services, previously "Dell on Call"), <i><a href="/wiki/Dell_Support_Center" title="Dell Support Center">Dell Support Center</a></i> (extended support services abroad), <i>Dell Business Support</i> (a commercial service-contract that provides an industry-certified technician with a lower call-volume than in normal queues), <i>Dell Everdream Desktop Management</i> ("Software as a Service" remote-desktop management), and <i>Your Tech Team</i> (a support-queue available to home users who purchased their systems either through Dell's website or through Dell phone-centers).</p> +<p>Discontinued products and brands include <a href="/wiki/Dell_Axim" title="Dell Axim">Axim</a> (<a href="/wiki/Personal_digital_assistant" title="Personal digital assistant">PDA</a>; discontinued April 9, 2007),<sup id="cite_ref-161" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-161"><span>[</span>161<span>]</span></a></sup> <a href="/wiki/Dell_Dimension" title="Dell Dimension">Dimension</a> (home and small office desktop computers; discontinued July 2007), <a href="/wiki/Dell_Digital_Jukebox" title="Dell Digital Jukebox">Dell Digital Jukebox</a> (MP3 player; discontinued August 2006), Dell PowerApp (application-based servers), and Dell Optiplex (desktop and tower computers previously supported to run server and desktop operating systems).</p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Technical_support">Technical support</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=11" title="Edit section: Technical support">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>Dell routes technical support queries on products for the professional market according to component-type and to the level of support purchased:<sup id="cite_ref-162" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-162"><span>[</span>162<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<ol> +<li>Basic support provides business-hours telephone support and next business-day on-site support/ Return-to-Base, or Collect and Return Services (based on contracts purchased at point of sale)</li> +<li>Dell ProSupport provides 24x7x365 telephone and online support, a selection of 4 or 6-hour onsite support after telephone-based troubleshooting, and a Mission Critical option with two-hour onsite support, for customers who choose the highest level of support for their most critical hardware assets.<sup id="cite_ref-163" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-163"><span>[</span>163<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +</ol> +<p>In addition, the company provides protection services, advisory services, multivendor hardware support, "how-to" support for software applications, collaborative support with many third-party vendors, and online parts and labor dispatching for customers who diagnose and troubleshoot their hardware. Dell also provides Dell ProSupport customers access to a crisis-center to handle major outages, or problems caused by natural disasters.<sup id="cite_ref-164" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-164"><span>[</span>164<span>]</span></a></sup> Dell also provide on-line support by using the computer's service-tag that provides full list of the hardware elements installed originally, purchase date and provides the latest upgrades for the original hardware drivers.</p> +<p>Dell's Consumer division has <a href="/wiki/24x7" title="24x7" class="mw-redirect">24x7</a> phone based and online troubleshooting in the United States and Canada. In 2008, Dell redesigned services-and-support for businesses with "Dell ProSupport", offering customers more options to adapt services to fit their needs.</p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Commercial_aspects">Commercial aspects</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=12" title="Edit section: Commercial aspects">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Organization">Organization</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=13" title="Edit section: Organization">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>The board consists of nine directors. <a href="/wiki/Michael_Dell" title="Michael Dell">Michael Dell</a>, the founder of the company, serves as chairman of the board and chief executive officer. Other board members include <a href="/wiki/Donald_J._Carty" title="Donald J. Carty">Don Carty</a>, <a href="/wiki/William_H._Gray_(congressman)" title="William H. Gray (congressman)" class="mw-redirect">William Gray</a>, <a href="/wiki/Judy_Lewent" title="Judy Lewent">Judy Lewent</a>, <a href="/wiki/Klaus_Luft" title="Klaus Luft">Klaus Luft</a>, <a href="/wiki/Alex_J._Mandl" title="Alex J. Mandl">Alex Mandl</a>, <a href="/wiki/Michael_A._Miles" title="Michael A. Miles">Michael A. Miles</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Sam_Nunn" title="Sam Nunn">Sam Nunn</a>. <a href="/wiki/Shareholder" title="Shareholder">Shareholders</a> elect the nine board members at <a href="/wiki/Meeting" title="Meeting">meetings</a>, and those board members who do not get a majority of votes must submit a resignation to the board, which will subsequently choose whether or not to accept the resignation. The board of directors usually sets up five committees having oversight over specific matters. These committees include the Audit Committee, which handles accounting issues, including auditing and reporting; the Compensation Committee, which approves compensation for the CEO and other employees of the company; the Finance Committee, which handles financial matters such as proposed mergers and acquisitions; the Governance and Nominating Committee, which handles various corporate matters (including nomination of the board); and the Antitrust Compliance Committee, which attempts to prevent company practices from violating <a href="/wiki/Antitrust" title="Antitrust" class="mw-redirect">antitrust</a> laws.<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (January 2013)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup></p> +<p>Day-to-day operations of the company are run by the Global Executive Management Committee, which sets <a href="/wiki/Strategic_management" title="Strategic management">strategic direction</a>. Dell has regional senior vice-presidents for countries other than the United States, including David Marmonti for <a href="/wiki/Europe,_the_Middle_East_and_Africa" title="Europe, the Middle East and Africa">EMEA</a> and Stephen J. Felice for Asia/Japan. As of 2007<sup class="plainlinks noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="//en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit">[update]</a></sup>, other officers included Martin Garvin (senior vice president for worldwide procurement) and <a href="/wiki/Susan_Sheskey" title="Susan Sheskey">Susan Sheskey</a> (vice president and <a href="/wiki/Chief_Information_Officer" title="Chief Information Officer" class="mw-redirect">Chief Information Officer</a>).<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (January 2013)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup></p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Marketing">Marketing</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=14" title="Edit section: Marketing">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>Dell advertisements have appeared in several types of media including television, the Internet, magazines, <a href="/wiki/Mail-order_catalog" title="Mail-order catalog" class="mw-redirect">catalogs</a> and newspapers. Some of Dell Inc's marketing strategies include lowering prices at all times of the year, free bonus products (such as Dell printers), and free shipping to encourage more sales and stave off competitors. In 2006, Dell <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/feb2006/tc20060223_710372.htm?chan=search">cut its prices</a> in an effort to maintain its 19.2% market share. However, this also cut profit-margins by more than half, from 8.7 to 4.3 percent. To maintain its low prices, Dell continues to accept most purchases of its products via the Internet and through the telephone network, and to move its customer-care division to India and <a href="/wiki/El_Salvador" title="El Salvador">El Salvador</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-165" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-165"><span>[</span>165<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>A popular United States television and print ad campaign in the early 2000s featured the actor <a href="/wiki/Ben_Curtis_(actor)" title="Ben Curtis (actor)">Ben Curtis</a> playing the part of "Steven", a lightly mischievous blond-haired youth who came to the assistance of bereft computer purchasers. Each television advertisement usually ended with Steven's catch-phrase: "Dude, you're gettin' a Dell!"</p> +<p>A subsequent advertising campaign featured <a href="/wiki/Intern" title="Intern" class="mw-redirect">interns</a> at Dell headquarters (with Curtis' character appearing in a small cameo at the end of one of the first commercials in this particular campaign).</p> +<p>A Dell advertising campaign for the XPS line of gaming computers featured in print in the September 2006 issue of <i><a href="/wiki/Wired_(magazine)" title="Wired (magazine)">Wired</a></i>. It used as a <a href="/wiki/Tagline" title="Tagline">tagline</a> the common term in Internet and <a href="/wiki/Gamer" title="Gamer">gamer</a> slang: "FTW", meaning "For The Win". However, Dell Inc. soon<sup class="noprint Inline-Template" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Manual_of_Style/Dates_and_numbers#Chronological_items" title="Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Dates and numbers"><span title="The time period mentioned near this tag is ambiguous. (May 2009)">when?</span></a></i>]</sup> dropped the campaign.</p> +<p>In 2007, Dell switched advertising agencies in the US from <a href="/wiki/BBDO" title="BBDO">BBDO</a> to <a href="/wiki/Working_Mother" title="Working Mother">Working Mother</a> Media. In July 2007, Dell released new advertising created by Working Mother to support the Inspiron and XPS lines. The ads featured music from the <a href="/wiki/The_Flaming_Lips" title="The Flaming Lips">Flaming Lips</a> and <a href="/wiki/Devo" title="Devo">Devo</a> who re-formed especially to record the song in the ad "Work it Out". Also in 2007, Dell began using the slogan "Yours is here" to say that it customizes computers to fit customers' requirements.<sup id="cite_ref-engadget_166-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-engadget-166"><span>[</span>166<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Beginning in the year 2011, Dell began hosting a Conference in Austin, TX at the Austin Convention Center titled "Dell World". The event featured new technology and services provided by Dell and Dell's partners. In 2011, the event was held October 12–14.<sup id="cite_ref-167" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-167"><span>[</span>167<span>]</span></a></sup> In 2012, the event was held December 11–13.<sup id="cite_ref-168" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-168"><span>[</span>168<span>]</span></a></sup> In 2013, the event was held December 11–13.<sup id="cite_ref-169" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-169"><span>[</span>169<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h4><span class="mw-headline" id="Dell_partner_program">Dell partner program</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=15" title="Edit section: Dell partner program">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h4> +<p>In late 2007, Dell Inc. announced that it planned to expand its program to <a href="/wiki/Value-added_reseller" title="Value-added reseller">value-added resellers</a> (VARs), giving it the official name of "Dell Partner Direct" and a new Website.<sup id="cite_ref-170" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-170"><span>[</span>170<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Dell India has started Online Ecommerce website<sup id="cite_ref-171" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-171"><span>[</span>171<span>]</span></a></sup> with its Dell Partner www.compuindia.com GNG Electronics Pvt Ltd<sup id="cite_ref-172" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-172"><span>[</span>172<span>]</span></a></sup> termed as Dell Express Ship Affiliate(DESA). The main objective was to reduce the delivery time. Customers who visit Dell India official site are given option to buy online which then will be redirected to Dell affiliate website <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.compuindia.com/">compuindia.com</a> .<sup id="cite_ref-tech.fortune.cnn.com_147-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-tech.fortune.cnn.com-147"><span>[</span>147<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h4><span class="mw-headline" id="Criticisms_of_marketing_of_laptop_security">Criticisms of marketing of laptop security</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=16" title="Edit section: Criticisms of marketing of laptop security">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h4> +<p>In 2008, Dell received press coverage over its claim of having the world's most secure laptops, specifically, its Latitude D630 and Latitude D830.<sup id="cite_ref-173" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-173"><span>[</span>173<span>]</span></a></sup> At Lenovo's request, the (U.S.) National Advertising Division (NAD) evaluated the claim, and reported that Dell did not have enough evidence to support it.<sup id="cite_ref-174" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-174"><span>[</span>174<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Retail">Retail</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=17" title="Edit section: Retail">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>Dell first opened their retail stores in India.<sup id="cite_ref-tech.fortune.cnn.com_147-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-tech.fortune.cnn.com-147"><span>[</span>147<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h4><span class="mw-headline" id="United_States">United States</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=18" title="Edit section: United States">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h4> +<p>In the early 1990s, Dell sold its products through <a href="/wiki/Best_Buy" title="Best Buy">Best Buy</a>, <a href="/wiki/Costco" title="Costco">Costco</a> and <a href="/wiki/Sam%27s_Club" title="Sam's Club">Sam's Club</a> stores in the United States. Dell stopped this practice in 1994, citing low profit-margins on the business, exclusively distributing through a direct-sales model for the next decade. In 2003, Dell briefly sold products in <a href="/wiki/Sears" title="Sears">Sears</a> stores in the U.S. In 2007, Dell started shipping its products to major retailers in the U.S. once again, starting with <a href="/wiki/Sam%27s_Club" title="Sam's Club">Sam's Club</a> and <a href="/wiki/Walmart" title="Walmart">Wal-Mart</a>. <a href="/wiki/Staples_Inc." title="Staples Inc.">Staples</a>, the largest office-supply retailer in the U.S., and <a href="/wiki/Best_Buy" title="Best Buy">Best Buy</a>, the largest electronics retailer in the U.S., became Dell retail partners later that same year.</p> +<h5><span class="mw-headline" id="Kiosks">Kiosks</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=19" title="Edit section: Kiosks">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h5> +<p>Starting in 2002, Dell opened <a href="/wiki/Kiosk" title="Kiosk">kiosk</a> locations in shopping malls across the United States to provide personal service to customers who preferred this method of shopping to Internet or telephone orders. Despite the added expense, prices at the kiosks match or beat prices available through other retail channels. Starting in 2005, Dell expanded <a href="/wiki/Kiosk" title="Kiosk">kiosk</a> locations to include shopping malls across <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.Dell.com.au/Delldirectstore">Australia</a>, <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.Dell.ca/Delldirectstore">Canada</a>, <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www1.ap.Dell.com/content/topics/topic.aspx/ap/topics/main/en/direct_kiosk?c=sg&amp;l=en&amp;s=dhs">Singapore</a> and Hong Kong.</p> +<p>On January 30, 2008, Dell shut down all 140 kiosks in the U.S. due to expansion into retail stores.<sup id="cite_ref-175" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-175"><span>[</span>175<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>By June 3, 2010, Dell had also shut down all of its mall kiosks in Australia.<sup id="cite_ref-176" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-176"><span>[</span>176<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h5><span class="mw-headline" id="NorthPark_Service_Center">NorthPark Service Center</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=20" title="Edit section: NorthPark Service Center">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h5> +<p>In 2006, Dell Inc. opened one full store, 3,000-square-foot (280&#160;m<sup>2</sup>) in area, at <a href="/wiki/NorthPark_Center" title="NorthPark Center">NorthPark Center</a> in <a href="/wiki/Dallas" title="Dallas">Dallas</a>, Texas. It operates the retail outlet seven days a week to display about 36 models, including PCs and televisions. As at the kiosks, customers can only see demonstration-computers and place orders through agents. Dell then delivers purchased items just as if the customer had placed the order by phone or over the Internet.</p> +<p>In addition to showcasing products, the stores also support on-site warranties and non-warranty service ("Dell Solution Station"). Services offered include repairing computer video-cards and removing spyware from hard drives.</p> +<p>On February 14, 2008, Dell closed the Service Center in its Dallas NorthPark store and laid off all the technical staff there.<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (March 2011)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup></p> +<h4><span class="mw-headline" id="Retail_Stores">Retail Stores</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=21" title="Edit section: Retail Stores">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h4> +<p>As of the end of February 2008<sup class="plainlinks noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="//en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit">[update]</a></sup>, Dell products shipped to one of the largest office-supply retailers in Canada, <a href="/wiki/Staples_Business_Depot" title="Staples Business Depot" class="mw-redirect">Staples Business Depot</a>. In April 2008, <a href="/wiki/Future_Shop" title="Future Shop">Future Shop</a> and <a href="/wiki/Best_Buy" title="Best Buy">Best Buy</a> began carrying a subset of Dell products, such as certain desktops, laptops, printers, and monitors.</p> +<p>Since some shoppers in certain markets show reluctance to purchase technological products through the phone or the Internet, Dell has looked into opening retail operations in some countries in Central Europe and Russia. In April 2007, Dell opened a retail store in <a href="/wiki/Budapest" title="Budapest">Budapest</a>. In October of the same year, Dell opened a retail store in Moscow.</p> +<p>In the UK, <a href="/wiki/HMV" title="HMV">HMV</a>'s flagship <a href="/wiki/Trocadero_(London)" title="Trocadero (London)" class="mw-redirect">Trocadero</a> store has sold Dell XPS PCs since December 2007. From January 2008 the UK stores of <a href="/wiki/DSG_International_(retailer)" title="DSG International (retailer)" class="mw-redirect">DSGi</a> have sold Dell products (in particular, through <a href="/wiki/Currys" title="Currys">Currys</a> and <a href="/wiki/PC_World_(retailer)" title="PC World (retailer)">PC World</a> stores). As of 2008, the large supermarket-chain <a href="/wiki/Tesco" title="Tesco">Tesco</a> has sold Dell laptops and desktops in outlets throughout the UK.</p> +<p>In May 2008, Dell reached an agreement with office supply chain, <a href="/wiki/Officeworks" title="Officeworks">Officeworks</a> (part of <a href="/wiki/Coles_Group" title="Coles Group">Coles Group</a>), to stock a few modified models in the Inspiron desktop and notebook range. These models have slightly different model numbers, but almost replicate the ones available from the Dell Store. Dell continued its retail push in the Australian market with its partnership with <a href="/wiki/Harris_Technology" title="Harris Technology">Harris Technology</a> (another part of Coles Group) in November of the same year. In addition, Dell expanded its retail distributions in Australia through an agreement with discount electrical retailer, <a href="/wiki/The_Good_Guys_(Australasia)" title="The Good Guys (Australasia)" class="mw-redirect">The Good Guys</a>, known for "Slashing Prices". Dell agreed to distribute a variety of makes of both desktops and notebooks, including <a href="/wiki/Studio" title="Studio">Studio</a> and <a href="/wiki/Dell_XPS" title="Dell XPS">XPS</a> systems in late 2008. Dell and <a href="/wiki/Dick_Smith_Electronics" title="Dick Smith Electronics" class="mw-redirect">Dick Smith Electronics</a> (owned by <a href="/wiki/Woolworths_Limited" title="Woolworths Limited">Woolworths Limited</a>) reached an agreement to expand within Dick Smith's 400 stores throughout Australia and New Zealand in May 2009 (1 year since Officeworks&#160;— owned by Coles Group&#160;— reached a deal). The retailer has agreed to distribute a variety of <a href="/wiki/Inspiron" title="Inspiron" class="mw-redirect">Inspiron</a> and <a href="/wiki/Studio" title="Studio">Studio</a> notebooks, with minimal Studio desktops from the Dell range. As of 2009<sup class="plainlinks noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="//en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit">[update]</a></sup>, Dell continues to run and operate its various kiosks in 18 shopping centres throughout Australia. On March 31, 2010 Dell announced to Australian Kiosk employees that they were shutting down the Australian/New Zealand Dell kiosk program.</p> +<p>In Germany, Dell is selling selected smartphones and notebooks via <a href="/wiki/Media_Markt" title="Media Markt">Media Markt</a> and Saturn, as well as some shopping websites.<sup id="cite_ref-177" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-177"><span>[</span>177<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Competition">Competition</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=22" title="Edit section: Competition">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>Dell's major competitors include <a href="/wiki/Hewlett-Packard_Company" title="Hewlett-Packard Company" class="mw-redirect">Hewlett-Packard</a> (HP), <a href="/wiki/Acer_Inc." title="Acer Inc.">Acer</a>, <a href="/wiki/Fujitsu" title="Fujitsu">Fujitsu</a>, <a href="/wiki/Toshiba" title="Toshiba">Toshiba</a>, <a href="/wiki/Gateway,_Inc." title="Gateway, Inc.">Gateway</a>, <a href="/wiki/Sony" title="Sony">Sony</a>, <a href="/wiki/Asus" title="Asus">Asus</a>, <a href="/wiki/Lenovo_Group" title="Lenovo Group" class="mw-redirect">Lenovo</a>, <a href="/wiki/IBM" title="IBM">IBM</a>, <a href="/wiki/Micro-Star_International" title="Micro-Star International">MSI</a>, <a href="/wiki/Samsung" title="Samsung">Samsung</a> and <a href="/wiki/Apple_Inc." title="Apple Inc.">Apple</a>. Dell and its subsidiary, <a href="/wiki/Alienware" title="Alienware">Alienware</a>, compete in the enthusiast market against <a href="/wiki/AVADirect" title="AVADirect">AVADirect</a>, <a href="/wiki/Falcon_Northwest" title="Falcon Northwest">Falcon Northwest</a>, <a href="/wiki/VoodooPC" title="VoodooPC">VoodooPC</a> (a subsidiary of HP), and other manufacturers. In the second quarter of 2006, Dell had between 18% and 19% share of the worldwide personal computer market, compared to HP with roughly 15%.</p> +<p>In late 2006<sup class="plainlinks noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="//en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit">[update]</a></sup>, Dell lost its lead in the PC-business to Hewlett-Packard. Both <a href="/wiki/Gartner" title="Gartner">Gartner</a> and <a href="/wiki/International_Data_Corporation" title="International Data Corporation">IDC</a> estimated that in the third quarter of 2006, HP shipped more units<sup id="cite_ref-178" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-178"><span>[</span>178<span>]</span></a></sup> worldwide than Dell did. Dell's 3.6% growth paled in comparison to HP's 15% growth during the same period. The problem got worse in the fourth quarter, when Gartner estimated<sup id="cite_ref-179" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-179"><span>[</span>179<span>]</span></a></sup> that Dell PC shipments declined 8.9% (versus HP's 23.9% growth). As a result, at the end of 2006 Dell's overall PC market-share stood at 13.9% (versus HP's 17.4%).</p> +<p>IDC reported that Dell lost more server market share than any of the top four competitors in that arena. IDC's Q4 2006 estimates show Dell's share of the server market at 8.1%, down from 9.5% in the previous year. This represents an 8.8% loss year-over-year, primarily to competitors <a href="/wiki/EMC_Corporation" title="EMC Corporation">EMC</a> and <a href="/wiki/IBM" title="IBM">IBM</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-180" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-180"><span>[</span>180<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Partnership_with_EMC">Partnership with EMC</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=23" title="Edit section: Partnership with EMC">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>The Dell/EMC brand applies solely to products that result from Dell's partnership with <a href="/wiki/EMC_Corporation" title="EMC Corporation">EMC Corporation</a>.<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (September 2009)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup> In some cases, Dell and EMC jointly design such products. Other cases involve EMC products that Dell supports—generally midrange storage systems, such as <a href="/wiki/Fibre_channel" title="Fibre channel" class="mw-redirect">fibre channel</a> and <a href="/wiki/ISCSI" title="ISCSI">iSCSI</a> <a href="/wiki/Storage_area_network" title="Storage area network">storage area networks</a>. The relationship also promotes and sells OEM versions of backup, recovery, replication and archiving software.<sup id="cite_ref-181" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-181"><span>[</span>181<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>On December 9, 2008, Dell and EMC announced the multi-year extension, through 2013, of their strategic partnership that began in 2001. In addition, Dell plans to expand its product line-up by adding the EMC <a href="/wiki/Celerra" title="Celerra">Celerra</a> NX4 storage system to the portfolio of Dell/EMC family of networked storage systems, as well as partnering on a new line of <a href="/wiki/Data_deduplication" title="Data deduplication">de-duplication</a> products as part of its TierDisk family of <a href="/wiki/Data_storage_device" title="Data storage device">data-storage devices</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-182" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-182"><span>[</span>182<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>On October 17, 2011, Dell announced officially discontinued reselling all EMC storage products, this put end to 10 years of partnership.<sup id="cite_ref-183" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-183"><span>[</span>183<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Environmental_record">Environmental record</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=24" title="Edit section: Environmental record">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<p>Dell committed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from its global activities by 40% by 2015, with 2008 fiscal year as the baseline year.<sup id="cite_ref-184" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-184"><span>[</span>184<span>]</span></a></sup> It is listed in <a href="/wiki/Greenpeace" title="Greenpeace">Greenpeace</a>’s Guide to Greener Electronics that scores leading electronics manufacturers according to their policies on sustainability, climate and energy and how green their products are. In November 2011, Dell ranked 2nd out of 15 listed electronics makers (increasing its score to 5.1 from 4.9, which it gained in the previous ranking from October 2010).<sup id="cite_ref-185" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-185"><span>[</span>185<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Dell was the first company to publicly state a timeline for the elimination of toxic polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and brominated flame retardants (BFRs), which it planned to phase out by the end of 2009. It revised this commitment and now aims to remove these toxics by the end of 2011 but only in its computing products.<sup id="cite_ref-186" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-186"><span>[</span>186<span>]</span></a></sup> In March 2010, Greenpeace activists protested at Dell offices in Bangalore, Amsterdam and Copenhagen calling for Dell’s founder and CEO Michael Dell to ‘drop the toxics’ and claiming that Dell’s aspiration to be ‘the greenest technology company on the planet’<sup id="cite_ref-187" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-187"><span>[</span>187<span>]</span></a></sup> was ‘hypocritical’.<sup id="cite_ref-188" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-188"><span>[</span>188<span>]</span></a></sup> Dell has launched its first products completely free of PVC and BFRs with the G-Series monitors (G2210 and G2410) in 2009.<sup id="cite_ref-189" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-189"><span>[</span>189<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In its 2012 report on progress relating to <a href="/wiki/Conflict_minerals" title="Conflict minerals" class="mw-redirect">conflict minerals</a>, the <a href="/wiki/Enough_Project" title="Enough Project">Enough Project</a> rated Dell the eighth highest of 24 consumer electronics companies.<sup id="cite_ref-EnoughProject2012_190-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-EnoughProject2012-190"><span>[</span>190<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Green_initiatives">Green initiatives</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=25" title="Edit section: Green initiatives">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>Dell became the first company in the <a href="/wiki/Information_technology_industry" title="Information technology industry" class="mw-redirect">information technology industry</a> to establish a product-<a href="/wiki/Recycling" title="Recycling">recycling</a> goal (in 2004) and completed the implementation of its global consumer recycling-program in 2006.<sup id="cite_ref-191" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-191"><span>[</span>191<span>]</span></a></sup> On February 6, 2007, the National Recycling Coalition awarded Dell its "Recycling Works" award for efforts to promote producer responsibility.<sup id="cite_ref-National_Recycling_Coalition_192-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-National_Recycling_Coalition-192"><span>[</span>192<span>]</span></a></sup> On July 19, 2007, Dell announced that it had exceeded targets in working to achieve a multi-year goal of recovering 275 million pounds of computer equipment by 2009.<sup id="cite_ref-193" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-193"><span>[</span>193<span>]</span></a></sup> The company reported the recovery of 78 million pounds (nearly 40,000 tons) of IT equipment from customers in 2006, a 93-percent increase over 2005; and 12.4% of the equipment Dell sold seven years earlier.<sup id="cite_ref-Dell_Inc._194-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Dell_Inc.-194"><span>[</span>194<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>On June 5, 2007, Dell set a goal of becoming the greenest technology company on Earth for the long term. The company launched a <a href="/wiki/Zero-carbon" title="Zero-carbon" class="mw-redirect">zero-carbon</a> initiative that includes:</p> +<ol> +<li>reducing Dell's <a href="/wiki/Carbon_intensity" title="Carbon intensity" class="mw-redirect">carbon intensity</a> by 15 percent by 2012</li> +<li>requiring primary suppliers to report carbon emissions data during quarterly business reviews</li> +<li>partnering with customers to build the "greenest PC on the planet"</li> +<li>expanding the company's carbon-offsetting program, "Plant a Tree for Me"</li> +</ol> +<p>The company introduced the term "<a href="/wiki/The_Re-Generation" title="The Re-Generation" class="mw-redirect">The Re-Generation</a>" during a <a href="/wiki/Round_table" title="Round table" class="mw-redirect">round table</a> in London commemorating 2007 <a href="/wiki/World_Environment_Day" title="World Environment Day">World Environment Day</a>. "The Re-Generation" refers to people of all ages throughout the world who want to "make a difference" in improving the world's environment. Dell also talked about plans to take the lead in setting an environmental standard for the "<a href="/w/index.php?title=Technology_industry&amp;action=edit&amp;redlink=1" class="new" title="Technology industry (page does not exist)">technology industry</a>" and maintaining that <a href="/wiki/Leadership" title="Leadership">leadership</a> in the future.</p> +<p>Dell reports its environmental performance in an annual <a href="/wiki/Corporate_Social_Responsibility" title="Corporate Social Responsibility" class="mw-redirect">Corporate Social Responsibility</a> (CSR) Report that follows the <a href="/wiki/Global_Reporting_Initiative" title="Global Reporting Initiative">Global Reporting Initiative</a> (GRI) protocol. Dell's 2008 CSR report ranked as "Application Level B" as "checked by GRI".<sup id="cite_ref-195" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-195"><span>[</span>195<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>The company aims to reduce its external environmental impact through energy-efficient evolution of products, and also reduce its direct operational impact through energy-efficiency programmes. Internal energy-efficiency programmes reportedly save the company more than $3&#160;million annually in energy-cost savings. The largest component of the company's internal energy-efficiency savings comes through <a href="/wiki/PC_power_management" title="PC power management">PC power management</a>: the company expects to save $1.8&#160;million in energy costs through using specialised energy-management software on a network of 50,000 PCs.<sup id="cite_ref-196" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-196"><span>[</span>196<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-197" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-197"><span>[</span>197<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Criticism">Criticism</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=26" title="Edit section: Criticism">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<div class="hatnote boilerplate seealso">See also: <a href="/wiki/Lawsuits_involving_Dell_Inc." title="Lawsuits involving Dell Inc.">Lawsuits involving Dell Inc.</a></div> +<p>In the 1990s, Dell switched from using primarily <a href="/wiki/ATX" title="ATX">ATX</a> <a href="/wiki/Motherboard" title="Motherboard">motherboards</a> and <a href="/wiki/Computer_power_supply" title="Computer power supply" class="mw-redirect">PSU</a> to using boards and power supplies with mechanically identical but differently wired connectors. This meant customers wishing to upgrade their hardware would have to replace parts with scarce Dell-compatible parts instead of commonly available parts. While motherboard power connections reverted to the industry standard in 2003, Dell continues to remain secretive about their motherboard pin-outs for peripherals (such as MMC readers and power on/off switches and LED's).<sup id="cite_ref-198" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-198"><span>[</span>198<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-199" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-199"><span>[</span>199<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In 2005, complaints about Dell more than doubled to 1,533, after earnings grew 52% that year.<sup id="cite_ref-200" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-200"><span>[</span>200<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In 2006, Dell acknowledged that it had problems with customer service. Issues included call transfers<sup id="cite_ref-201" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-201"><span>[</span>201<span>]</span></a></sup> of more than 45% of calls and long wait times. Dell's <a href="/wiki/Blog" title="Blog">blog</a> detailed the response: "We're spending more than a $100&#160;million&#160;— and a lot of blood, sweat and tears of talented people&#160;— to fix this."<sup id="cite_ref-202" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-202"><span>[</span>202<span>]</span></a></sup> Later in the year, the company increased its spending on customer service to $150&#160;million.<sup id="cite_ref-203" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-203"><span>[</span>203<span>]</span></a></sup> Despite significant investment in this space, Dell continues to face public scrutiny with even the company's own website littered with complaints regarding the issue escalation process.<sup id="cite_ref-204" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-204"><span>[</span>204<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>On August 17, 2007, Dell Inc. announced that after an internal investigation into its accounting practices it would restate and reduce earnings from 2003 through to the first quarter of 2007 by a total amount of between $50&#160;million and $150&#160;million, or 2 cents to 7 cents per share.<sup id="cite_ref-205" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-205"><span>[</span>205<span>]</span></a></sup> The investigation, begun in November 2006, resulted from concerns raised by the <a href="/wiki/U.S._Securities_and_Exchange_Commission" title="U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission">U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission</a> over some documents and information that Dell Inc. had submitted.<sup id="cite_ref-206" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-206"><span>[</span>206<span>]</span></a></sup> It was alleged that Dell had not disclosed large exclusivity payments received from <a href="/wiki/Intel" title="Intel">Intel</a> for agreeing not to buy processors from rival manufacturer AMD. In 2010 Dell finally paid $100&#160;million to settle the SEC's charges of fraud. Michael Dell and other executives also paid penalties and suffered other sanctions, without admitting or denying the charges.<sup id="cite_ref-207" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-207"><span>[</span>207<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In July 2009, Dell apologized after drawing the ire of the Taiwanese Consumer Protection Commission for twice refusing to honour a flood of orders against unusually low prices offered on its Taiwanese website. In the first instance, Dell offered a 19" LCD panel for $15. In the second instance, Dell offered its Latitude E4300 notebook at NT$18,558 (US$580), 70% lower than usual price of NT$60,900 (US$1900). Concerning the E4300, rather than honour the discount taking a significant loss, the firm withdrew orders and offered a voucher of up to NT$20,000 (US$625) a customer in compensation. The consumer rights authorities in Taiwan fined Dell NT$1&#160;million (US$31250) for customer rights infringements. Many consumers sued the firm for the unfair compensation. A court in southern Taiwan ordered the firm to deliver 18 laptops and 76 flat-panel monitors to 31 consumers for NT$490,000 (US$15,120), less than a third of the normal price.<sup id="cite_ref-208" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-208"><span>[</span>208<span>]</span></a></sup> The court said the event could hardly be regarded as mistakes, as the prestigious firm said the company mispriced its products twice in Taiwanese website within 3 weeks.<sup id="cite_ref-209" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-209"><span>[</span>209<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>After Michael Dell made a $24.4 billion buyout bid in August 2013, activist shareholder <a href="/wiki/Carl_Icahn" title="Carl Icahn">Carl Icahn</a> sued the company and its board in an attempt to derail the bid and promote his own forthcoming offer.<sup id="cite_ref-210" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-210"><span>[</span>210<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="See_also">See also</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=27" title="Edit section: See also">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_computer_system_manufacturers" title="List of computer system manufacturers">List of computer system manufacturers</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_Dell_ownership_activities" title="List of Dell ownership activities">List of Dell ownership activities</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Mass_customization" title="Mass customization">Mass customization</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Configurator" title="Configurator">Configurator</a></li> +</ul> +<table class="navbox" style="border-spacing:0"> +<tr> +<td style="padding:2px"> +<table class="nowraplinks noprint navbox-inner" style="border-spacing:0;background:transparent;color:inherit"> +<tr> +<td colspan="2" class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li style="display:inline;white-space:nowrap"><span style="margin:auto 0.5em"><a href="/wiki/File:Sixth_Street_Austin.jpg" class="image"><img alt="Sixth Street Austin.jpg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b7/Sixth_Street_Austin.jpg/24px-Sixth_Street_Austin.jpg" width="24" height="18" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b7/Sixth_Street_Austin.jpg/36px-Sixth_Street_Austin.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b7/Sixth_Street_Austin.jpg/48px-Sixth_Street_Austin.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1800" data-file-height="1350" /></a></span><span style="font-weight:bold"><a href="/wiki/Portal:Austin" title="Portal:Austin">Austin portal</a></span></li> +<li style="display:inline;white-space:nowrap"><span style="margin:auto 0.5em"><a href="/wiki/File:Factory_1b.svg" class="image"><img alt="Factory 1b.svg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b6/Factory_1b.svg/24px-Factory_1b.svg.png" width="24" height="20" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b6/Factory_1b.svg/36px-Factory_1b.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b6/Factory_1b.svg/48px-Factory_1b.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="400" data-file-height="329" /></a></span><span style="font-weight:bold"><a href="/wiki/Portal:Companies" title="Portal:Companies">Companies portal</a></span></li> +<li style="display:inline;white-space:nowrap"><span style="margin:auto 0.5em"><a href="/wiki/File:Computer-aj_aj_ashton_01.svg" class="image"><img alt="Computer-aj aj ashton 01.svg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c1/Computer-aj_aj_ashton_01.svg/21px-Computer-aj_aj_ashton_01.svg.png" width="21" height="21" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c1/Computer-aj_aj_ashton_01.svg/32px-Computer-aj_aj_ashton_01.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c1/Computer-aj_aj_ashton_01.svg/42px-Computer-aj_aj_ashton_01.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="320" data-file-height="320" /></a></span><span style="font-weight:bold"><a href="/wiki/Portal:Information_Technology" title="Portal:Information Technology" class="mw-redirect">Information Technology portal</a></span></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +</table> +</td> +</tr> +</table> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="References">References</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=28" title="Edit section: References">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<div class="reflist columns references-column-width" style="-moz-column-width: 30em; -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;"> +<ol class="references"> +<li id="cite_note-merced2013-1"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-merced2013_1-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-merced2013_1-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news">De La Merced, Michael J. (October 29, 2013). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/10/29/sale-of-dell-closes-moving-company-into-private-ownership/?_r=0">"Sale of Dell Closes, Moving Company Into Private Ownership"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i> (The New York Times Company). DealBook<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">October 29,</span> 2013</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.atitle=Sale+of+Dell+Closes%2C+Moving+Company+Into+Private+Ownership&amp;rft.au=De+La+Merced%2C+Michael+J.&amp;rft.aufirst=Michael+J.&amp;rft.aulast=De+La+Merced&amp;rft.date=October+29%2C+2013&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fdealbook.nytimes.com%2F2013%2F10%2F29%2Fsale-of-dell-closes-moving-company-into-private-ownership%2F%3F_r%3D0&amp;rft.jtitle=The+New+York+Times&amp;rft.pages=DealBook&amp;rft.pub=The+New+York+Times+Company&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-2"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-2">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://content.dell.com/us/en/corp/about-dell.aspx?c=us&amp;l=en&amp;s=corp">"Dell Company Profile"</a><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">July 28,</span> 2010</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+Company+Profile&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fcontent.dell.com%2Fus%2Fen%2Fcorp%2Fabout-dell.aspx%3Fc%3Dus%26l%3Den%26s%3Dcorp&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-10K2012-3"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-10K2012_3-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-10K2012_3-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-10K2012_3-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-10K2012_3-3"><sup><i><b>d</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-10K2012_3-4"><sup><i><b>e</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-10K2012_3-5"><sup><i><b>f</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-10K2012_3-6"><sup><i><b>g</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-10K2012_3-7"><sup><i><b>h</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.google.com/finance?q=NASDAQ:DELL&amp;fstype=ii">"Form 10-K Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for the Fiscal Year Ended February 3, 2012 Commission File Number: 0-17017 Dell Inc."</a>. <i>i.dell.com</i>. Dell Inc. March 13, 2012<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">October 29,</span> 2014</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.atitle=Form+10-K+Annual+Report+Pursuant+to+Section+13+or+15%28d%29+of+the+Securities+Exchange+Act+of+1934+for+the+Fiscal+Year+Ended+February+3%2C+2012+Commission+File+Number%3A+0-17017+Dell+Inc.&amp;rft.date=March+13%2C+2012&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2Ffinance%3Fq%3DNASDAQ%3ADELL%26fstype%3Dii&amp;rft.jtitle=i.dell.com&amp;rft.pub=Dell+Inc.&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-bw1103-4"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-bw1103_4-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-bw1103_4-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-bw1103_4-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.businessweek.com/stories/2003-11-02/what-you-dont-know-about-dell">"What you don't know about Dell"</a>. www.businessweek.com. November 2, 2003<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">October 28,</span> 2012</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=What+you+don%27t+know+about+Dell&amp;rft.date=November+2%2C+2003&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.businessweek.com%2Fstories%2F2003-11-02%2Fwhat-you-dont-know-about-dell&amp;rft.pub=www.businessweek.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-statesman-5"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-statesman_5-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-statesman_5-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.statesman.com/news/business/dell-selling-former-site-of-north-carolina-manufac/nTbTJ/">"Dell selling former site of North Carolina manufacturing plant"</a>. www.statesman.com<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">April 27,</span> 2013</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+selling+former+site+of+North+Carolina+manufacturing+plant&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.statesman.com%2Fnews%2Fbusiness%2Fdell-selling-former-site-of-north-carolina-manufac%2FnTbTJ%2F&amp;rft.pub=www.statesman.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-reut-6"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-reut_6-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/companyProfile?rpc=66&amp;symbol=DELL.O">"Dell company profile"</a>. Reuters Financial<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">June 15,</span> 2013</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+company+profile&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.reuters.com%2Ffinance%2Fstocks%2FcompanyProfile%3Frpc%3D66%26symbol%3DDELL.O&amp;rft.pub=Reuters+Financial&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-bloomberg.com-7"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-bloomberg.com_7-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-bloomberg.com_7-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-bloomberg.com_7-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news">Carey, David (September 13, 2013). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-09-13/silver-lake-investors-said-to-see-dell-as-mixed-blessing.html">"Silver Lake Investors Said to See Dell as Mixed Blessing"</a>. Bloomberg<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">January 9,</span> 2014</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.au=Carey%2C+David&amp;rft.aufirst=David&amp;rft.aulast=Carey&amp;rft.btitle=Silver+Lake+Investors+Said+to+See+Dell+as+Mixed+Blessing&amp;rft.date=September+13%2C+2013&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.bloomberg.com%2Fnews%2F2013-09-13%2Fsilver-lake-investors-said-to-see-dell-as-mixed-blessing.html&amp;rft.pub=Bloomberg&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-8"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-8">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune500/2013/snapshots/1053.html">"Dell – Fortune 500 2013 – Fortune"</a>. <i>Fortune Magazine</i> (Time Warner)<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">11 July</span> 2013</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.atitle=Dell+%E2%80%93+Fortune+500+2013+%E2%80%93+Fortune&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fmoney.cnn.com%2Fmagazines%2Ffortune%2Ffortune500%2F2013%2Fsnapshots%2F1053.html&amp;rft.jtitle=Fortune+Magazine&amp;rft.pub=Time+Warner&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-2013_PC-9"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-2013_PC_9-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2960125">"Gartner Says Worldwide PC Shipments Grew 1 Percent in Fourth Quarter of 2014"</a>. <a href="/wiki/Gartner" title="Gartner">Gartner</a>. January 12, 2015<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">February 8,</span> 2015</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Gartner+Says+Worldwide+PC+Shipments+Grew+1+Percent+in+Fourth+Quarter+of+2014&amp;rft.date=January+12%2C+2015&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.gartner.com%2Fnewsroom%2Fid%2F2960125&amp;rft.pub=Gartner&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-10"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-10">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.idc.com/getdoc.jsp?containerId=prUS24322313">"Dell Captures Top Position in Worldwide PC Monitors in the Second Quarter, Moves Ahead of Samsung for the First Time Since 2007, According to IDC – prUS24322313"</a>. Idc.com. 2013-09-19<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2014-01-09</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+Captures+Top+Position+in+Worldwide+PC+Monitors+in+the+Second+Quarter%2C+Moves+Ahead+of+Samsung+for+the+First+Time+Since+2007%2C+According+to+IDC+%E2%80%93+prUS24322313&amp;rft.date=2013-09-19&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.idc.com%2Fgetdoc.jsp%3FcontainerId%3DprUS24322313&amp;rft.pub=Idc.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-11"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-11">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune500/2011/states/TX.html">"Fortune 500"</a>. CNN.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Fortune+500&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fmoney.cnn.com%2Fmagazines%2Ffortune%2Ffortune500%2F2011%2Fstates%2FTX.html&amp;rft.pub=CNN&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-12"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-12">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune500/2010/states/TX.html">"Fortune 500 2010: States: Texas Companies"</a>. CNN.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Fortune+500+2010%3A+States%3A+Texas+Companies&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fmoney.cnn.com%2Fmagazines%2Ffortune%2Ffortune500%2F2010%2Fstates%2FTX.html&amp;rft.pub=CNN&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-13"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-13">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.biography.com/people/michael-dell-9542199">"Michael Dell Biography – Facts, Birthday, Life Story"</a>. Biography.com. 1965-02-23<span class="reference-accessdate">. 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Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2014-01-09</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+revamps+product+group%2C+adds+executives+%E2%80%93+CNET+News&amp;rft.date=2006-12-12&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fnews.cnet.com%2FDell-revamps-product-group%252C-adds-executives%2F2100-11746_3-6143163.html&amp;rft.pub=News.cnet.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-ReferenceB-35"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-ReferenceB_35-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-ReferenceB_35-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://news.cnet.com/Dells-dog-days-of-summer/2100-1014_3-6097185.html">"Dell's dog days of summer – CNET News"</a>. News.cnet.com<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2014-01-09</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell%27s+dog+days+of+summer+%E2%80%93+CNET+News&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fnews.cnet.com%2FDells-dog-days-of-summer%2F2100-1014_3-6097185.html&amp;rft.pub=News.cnet.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-director1-36"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-director1_36-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-director1_36-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-director1_36-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.director.co.uk/magazine/2009/4%20April/Michael_Dell_62_9.html">"Michael Dell | Dell"</a>. Director.co.uk<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2013-02-10</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Michael+Dell+%26%23124%3B+Dell&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.director.co.uk%2Fmagazine%2F2009%2F4%2520April%2FMichael_Dell_62_9.html&amp;rft.pub=Director.co.uk&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-37"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-37">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Michael Dell had a risk-averse management style and he openly mocked rivals that spent on R&amp;D (research and development) and acquisitions, though by the late 2000s this may have contributed to Dell missing market shifts like mobile phones and tablet computers.<a rel="nofollow" class="external autonumber" href="http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-01-24/boeings-787-dreamliner-and-the-decline-of-innovation#p2">[1]</a></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-38"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-38">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web">Silverman, Dwight (2005-07-03). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://blog.chron.com//techblog/2005/07/hey-dell-are-you-listening/">"Hey, Dell: Are you listening? – TechBlog"</a>. Blog.chron.com<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2014-01-09</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.aufirst=Dwight&amp;rft.aulast=Silverman&amp;rft.au=Silverman%2C+Dwight&amp;rft.btitle=Hey%2C+Dell%3A+Are+you+listening%3F+%E2%80%93+TechBlog&amp;rft.date=2005-07-03&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fblog.chron.com%2F%2Ftechblog%2F2005%2F07%2Fhey-dell-are-you-listening%2F&amp;rft.pub=Blog.chron.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-39"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-39">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.businessweek.com/printer/articles/294370-dell-learns-to-listen?type=old_article">"Dell Learns to Listen"</a>. Businessweek. 2007-10-17<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2014-01-09</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+Learns+to+Listen&amp;rft.date=2007-10-17&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.businessweek.com%2Fprinter%2Farticles%2F294370-dell-learns-to-listen%3Ftype%3Dold_article&amp;rft.pub=Businessweek&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-40"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-40">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news">Vance, Ashlee (June 28, 2010). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/29/technology/29dell.html">"In Suit Over Faulty Computers, Window to Dell's Fall"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.atitle=In+Suit+Over+Faulty+Computers%2C+Window+to+Dell%27s+Fall&amp;rft.aufirst=Ashlee&amp;rft.aulast=Vance&amp;rft.au=Vance%2C+Ashlee&amp;rft.date=June+28%2C+2010&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.nytimes.com%2F2010%2F06%2F29%2Ftechnology%2F29dell.html&amp;rft.jtitle=The+New+York+Times&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-41"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-41">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">CRN.COM: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.crn.com/news/components-peripherals/197002312/rollins-dells-outstanding-executive-is-now-out-of-a-job.htm;jsessionid=DKITbSt2WFcQT1hL4UqHMg**.ecappj02">Rollins now out of job</a></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-42"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-42">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news">Cantrell, Amanda (February 10, 2006). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://money.cnn.com/2006/02/10/markets/spotlight/spotlight_dell/index.htm">"All's not well with Dell"</a>. CNN.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.au=Cantrell%2C+Amanda&amp;rft.aufirst=Amanda&amp;rft.aulast=Cantrell&amp;rft.btitle=All%27s+not+well+with+Dell&amp;rft.date=February+10%2C+2006&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fmoney.cnn.com%2F2006%2F02%2F10%2Fmarkets%2Fspotlight%2Fspotlight_dell%2Findex.htm&amp;rft.pub=CNN&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-Dell-Inc-Feb-2007-8-K-43"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-Dell-Inc-Feb-2007-8-K_43-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://pdf.secdatabase.com/2259/0000950134-07-002027.pdf">"Dell Inc, Form 8-K, Current Report, Filing Date Feb 5, 2007"</a>. secdatabase.com<span class="reference-accessdate">. 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Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2014-01-09</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+CFO+stepping+down+in+January+%E2%80%93+CNET+News&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fnews.cnet.com%2FDell-CFO-stepping-down-in-January%2F2100-1003_3-6144950.html&amp;rft.pub=News.cnet.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-46"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-46">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news">Seggewiss, Krista &amp; Hill, Bert (2008-04-24). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.canada.com/ottawacitizen/news/story.html?id=d399d387-df1f-4400-8274-1c45879f8ed2">"The Dell dream dies"</a>. <i>The Ottawa Citizen</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2009-05-27</span></span>. <q>The Ottawa centre is closing because Dell can't justify paying $18 per hour with the Canadian and American currencies at parity. The relatively high pay, benefits and training opportunities separated Dell from other call centres ...</q></span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.atitle=The+Dell+dream+dies&amp;rft.aulast=Seggewiss%2C+Krista+%26+Hill%2C+Bert&amp;rft.au=Seggewiss%2C+Krista+%26+Hill%2C+Bert&amp;rft.date=2008-04-24&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.canada.com%2Fottawacitizen%2Fnews%2Fstory.html%3Fid%3Dd399d387-df1f-4400-8274-1c45879f8ed2&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Ottawa+Citizen&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-47"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-47">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news">Gollner, Phillip (2008-01-31). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.reuters.com/article/companyNews/idUSN3134850320080131">"UPDATE 1-Dell to cut nearly 900 jobs, close Canada center"</a>. 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Retrieved <span class="nowrap">Mar 8,</span> 2013</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+Inc%2C+Form+8-K%2C+Current+Report%2C+Filing+Date+Feb+6%2C+2013&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fedgar.secdatabase.com%2F2319%2F119312513041273%2Ffiling-main.htm&amp;rft.pub=secdatabase.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-73"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-73">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Official Dell pressrelease on <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://content.dell.com/us/en/corp/d/secure/2013-02-04-michael-dell-silverlake-acquisition.aspx">(leveraged) buyout by Michael Dell and Silverlake</a>, 5 February 2013. Visited: 5 February 2013</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-buyout-74"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-buyout_74-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-buyout_74-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news">Berkowitz, Ben; Edwin Chan (2013-02-05). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/02/05/us-dell-buyout-idUSBRE9140NF20130205">"Dell to go private in landmark $24.4 billion deal"</a>. Reuters<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2013-02-05</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.au=Berkowitz%2C+Ben&amp;rft.au=Edwin+Chan&amp;rft.aufirst=Ben&amp;rft.aulast=Berkowitz&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+to+go+private+in+landmark+%2424.4+billion+deal&amp;rft.date=2013-02-05&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.reuters.com%2Farticle%2F2013%2F02%2F05%2Fus-dell-buyout-idUSBRE9140NF20130205&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-75"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-75">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://finance.yahoo.com/q?s=DELL&amp;ql=1">"DELL: Summary for Dell Inc.- Yahoo! Finance"</a>. Finance.yahoo.com<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2013-02-10</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=DELL%3A+Summary+for+Dell+Inc.-+Yahoo%21+Finance&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Ffinance.yahoo.com%2Fq%3Fs%3DDELL%26ql%3D1&amp;rft.pub=Finance.yahoo.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-buyout2-76"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-buyout2_76-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-buyout2_76-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news">Alden, William (2013-02-05). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/02/05/dells-record-breaking-buyout/">"Dell's Record-Breaking Buyout"</a>. The New York Times<span class="reference-accessdate">. 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Los Angeles Times<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2013-02-05</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.au=Chang%2C+Andrea&amp;rft.aufirst=Andrea&amp;rft.aulast=Chang&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+Inc.+to+go+private+in+%2424.4-billion+deal&amp;rft.date=2013-02-05&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.latimes.com%2Fbusiness%2Ftechnology%2Fla-fi-tn-dell-goes-private-20130205%2C0%2C7066492.story&amp;rft.pub=Los+Angeles+Times&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-78"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-78">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.techradar.com/news/computing/pc/hp-pounces-on-news-of-dell-privacy-move-1129536">"HP pounces on news of Dell privacy move."</a></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-Gelles-79"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-Gelles_79-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-Gelles_79-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web">Gelles, David (2013-02-05). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/40f132ca-6fbe-11e2-8785-00144feab49a.html#axzz2lKCc2UMT">"Daring $24bn deal to make Dell relevant"</a>. FT.com<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2014-01-09</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.aufirst=David&amp;rft.au=Gelles%2C+David&amp;rft.aulast=Gelles&amp;rft.btitle=Daring+%2424bn+deal+to+make+Dell+relevant&amp;rft.date=2013-02-05&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ft.com%2Fcms%2Fs%2F0%2F40f132ca-6fbe-11e2-8785-00144feab49a.html%23axzz2lKCc2UMT&amp;rft.pub=FT.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-80"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-80">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">M. J. de la Merced, "<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/02/08/southeastern-asset-management-to-fight-dells-takeover/?ref=your-money">Southeastern Asset Management to Fight Dell's Takeover</a>, <i>The New York Times, February 8, 2013.</i></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-81"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-81">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://online.barrons.com/article/SB50001424052748704372504578287960502012492.html?mod=BOL_hpp_mag">"The Dell Deal May Die."</a></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-82"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-82">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.theregister.co.uk/2013/02/10/southeastern_asset_dell_lbo_deal_analysis/">"Big Dell shareholder says LBO is 'woefully inadequate'."</a></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-83"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-83">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.theregister.co.uk/2013/02/13/dell_lbo_higher_bid_rumor/">"More naysayers pour cold water on Dell LBO."</a></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-84"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-84">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.forbes.com/sites/abrambrown/2013/02/08/dell-largest-external-shareholder-is-indeed-fighting-the-24-4-lbo/">"Dell Buyout: Big Shareholder Southeastern Will Indeed Fight The Deal"</a> <i>Forbes</i>, February 8, 2013</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-85"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-85">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.theregister.co.uk/2013/03/06/sam_dell_lbo_deal_proxy_fight/">"Fund manager says Dell board has no skin in the buyout game."</a></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-dodge-86"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-dodge_86-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-dodge_86-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-dodge_86-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.slate.com/articles/business/moneybox/2013/02/dell_goes_private_leveraged_buyout_will_help_dell_pay_investors_while_minimizing.html">"Dell’s Gigantic Tax Dodge"</a> <i>Slate</i>, February 5, 2013</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-10k12-87"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-10k12_87-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://i.dell.com/sites/content/corporate/secure/en/Documents/FY12_Form10K.pdf">"Dell, Inc. Form 10-K"</a> <i>Dell.com</i>, March 13, 2012, pages 47–8</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-88"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-88">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.channelregister.co.uk/2013/03/22/gartner_warning_dell_pc_customers/">"Reliant on Dell for PCs? Start looking around, says Gartner ball-gazer."</a></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-89"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-89">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/03/23/us-blackstone-dell-idUSBRE92M08520130323">"Blackstone, Icahn set up three-way battle to buy out Dell."</a></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-90"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-90">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web">Shu, Catherine (April 19, 2013). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://techcrunch.com/2013/04/18/blackstone-reportedly-withdraws-bid-for-dell-citing-deteriorating-business/">"Blackstone Reportedly Withdraws Bid For Dell, Citing "Deteriorating" Business"</a>. 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Retrieved <span class="nowrap">October 29,</span> 2008</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.atitle=Dell%27s+EqualLogic+Buy+Could+Drive+Down+iSCSI+Storage+Prices&amp;rft.au=Gonsalves%2C+Antone&amp;rft.aulast=Gonsalves%2C+Antone&amp;rft.date=November+5%2C+2007&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.informationweek.com%2Fnews%2Fhardware%2Fdesktop%2FshowArticle.jhtml%3FarticleID%3D202802668&amp;rft.jtitle=InformationWeek&amp;rft.pub=United+Business+Media&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-Dell-Inc-Sep-2009-8-K-102"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-Dell-Inc-Sep-2009-8-K_102-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://pdf.secdatabase.com/2481/0000950123-09-044357.pdf">"Dell Inc, Form 8-K, Current Report, Filing Date Sep 21, 2009"</a>. secdatabase.com<span class="reference-accessdate">. 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Retrieved <span class="nowrap">November 17,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+to+buy+Perot+Systems+for+%243.9+billion&amp;rft.date=September+22%2C+2009&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.finanznachrichten.de%2Fnachrichten-2009-09%2F15005025-update-7-Dell-to-buy-perot-systems-for-dollar-3-9-billion-020.htm&amp;rft.pub=Finanznachrichten.de&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-104"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-104">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.hoovers.com/company/Perot_Systems_Corporation/crycki-1.html">"Perot Systems"</a>. <a href="/wiki/Hoover%27s" title="Hoover's">Hoover's</a>. 2009<span class="reference-accessdate">. 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September 3, 2010<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">September 3,</span> 2010</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.atitle=Dell+gives+up+bidding+war+for+3Par+Inc&amp;rft.date=September+3%2C+2010&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww2.journalnow.com%2Fcontent%2F2010%2Fsep%2F03%2Fdell-gives-up-bidding-war-for-3par-inc%2Fbusiness%2F&amp;rft.jtitle=Winston-Salem+Journal&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title="&#160;since September 2010">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-htanna-110"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-htanna_110-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://siliconangle.com/blog/2010/11/02/dell-acquires-saas-company-boomi/">"Dell Acquires SaaS Company, Boomi"</a>. 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Retrieved <span class="nowrap">Mar 8,</span> 2013</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+Inc%2C+Form+8-K%2C+Current+Report%2C+Filing+Date+Jul+2%2C+2012&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fedgar.secdatabase.com%2F2572%2F119312512291776%2Ffiling-main.htm&amp;rft.pub=secdatabase.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-119"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-119">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.usatoday.com/money/industries/technology/story/2012-07-02/dell-buys-quest/55978194/1">"Dell buying Quest Software for $2.36 billion"</a>. <i>USA Today</i>. July 2, 2012<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">July 2,</span> 2012</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.atitle=Dell+buying+Quest+Software+for+%242.36+billion&amp;rft.date=July+2%2C+2012&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.usatoday.com%2Fmoney%2Findustries%2Ftechnology%2Fstory%2F2012-07-02%2Fdell-buys-quest%2F55978194%2F1&amp;rft.jtitle=USA+Today&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-120"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-120">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-505124_162-57464990/dell-ponies-up-$2.4b-to-buy-quest-software/?tag=cbsnewsMainColumnArea">"Dell ponies up $2.4B to buy Quest Software"</a>. CBS News. July 2, 2012<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">July 11,</span> 2012</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+ponies+up+%242.4B+to+buy+Quest+Software&amp;rft.date=July+2%2C+2012&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.cbsnews.com%2F8301-505124_162-57464990%2Fdell-ponies-up-%242.4b-to-buy-quest-software%2F%3Ftag%3DcbsnewsMainColumnArea&amp;rft.pub=CBS+News&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-121"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-121">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Dell official pressrelease: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://content.dell.com/us/en/corp/d/secure/2012-09-28-dell-acquisition-quest-software.aspx">Dell completes acquisition of Quest software</a>, 28 September 2012. Visited: 1 November 2012</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-122"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-122">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Dell Pressreleases: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://content.dell.com/us/en/corp/d/secure/2012-11-16-dell-acquisitions-gale-technologies.aspx">Dell Acquires Gale Technologies, a Leading Provider of Infrastructure Automation Solutions</a>, 16 November 2012. Visited: 28 November 2012</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-123"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-123">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Dell press-release: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://content.dell.com/us/en/corp/d/secure/2012-12-18-dell-acquisition-credant-technologies.aspx">Dell reaches agreement for acquiring Credant Technologies</a>, 18 December 2012. Visited: 26 December 2012</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-124"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-124">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">informationweek.com: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.informationweek.com/hardware/data-centers/6-dell-storylines-to-watch-in-2013/240145028?pgno=1">6 Dell storylines to watch in 2013</a>, 20 December 2012. Visited: 26 December 2012</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-125"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-125">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.dell.com/learn/us/en/uscorp1/secure/2014-03-17-dell-acquires-statsoft-data-analytics-software">"Dell Acquires StatSoft to Bolster Portfolio of Big Data Solutions"</a>. dell.com<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2014-03-25</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+Acquires+StatSoft+to+Bolster+Portfolio+of+Big+Data+Solutions&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.dell.com%2Flearn%2Fus%2Fen%2Fuscorp1%2Fsecure%2F2014-03-17-dell-acquires-statsoft-data-analytics-software&amp;rft.pub=dell.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-126"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-126">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">"<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://support.dell.com/support/topics/global.aspx/support/dellcare/en/contactusaddress">Contact Us – Dell Mailing Address</a>." Dell. Retrieved on February 8, 2012.</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-AS-127"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-AS_127-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Austin American-Statesman: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.statesman.com/news/business/the-dell-deal-what-would-be-different-if-company-g/nT2yc/">The Dell deal: what would be different if...</a>, 19 January 2013. Visited: 23 January 2013</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-GreenHQ-128"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-GreenHQ_128-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-GreenHQ_128-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text">Staff. "<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.bizjournals.com/albuquerque/stories/2008/03/31/daily24.html">Dell headquarters now carbon-free</a>." <i><a href="/wiki/New_Mexico_Business_Weekly" title="New Mexico Business Weekly" class="mw-redirect">New Mexico Business Weekly</a></i>. Wednesday April 2, 2008. Retrieved on May 4, 2010.</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-129"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-129">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Jacobs, Janet. "<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=AASB&amp;p_theme=aasb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;p_topdoc=1&amp;p_text_direct-0=0E9C23E34AFB39E9&amp;p_field_direct-0=document_id&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:D&amp;s_trackval=GooglePM">Cash flow from Dell lets Round Rock boost budget</a>." <i><a href="/wiki/Austin_American-Statesman" title="Austin American-Statesman">Austin American-Statesman</a></i>. September 9, 1999. A1. Retrieved on May 4, 2010. "Almost half the city's general fund comes from sales tax at Dell's headquarters,"</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-PopeDis-130"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-PopeDis_130-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-PopeDis_130-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text">Pope, Kyle. "<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=AASB&amp;p_theme=aasb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;p_topdoc=1&amp;p_text_direct-0=0EAD8B0BE43127B9&amp;p_field_direct-0=document_id&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:D&amp;s_trackval=GooglePM">Dell chief disbands project</a>." <i><a href="/wiki/Austin_American-Statesman" title="Austin American-Statesman">Austin American-Statesman</a></i>. February 25, 1990. A1. Retrieved on May 4, 2010. "Dell is headquartered at the Arboretum complex in North Austin and employs about 1200 people."</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-131"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-131">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><i><a href="/wiki/PC_Magazine" title="PC Magazine">PC Magazine</a></i>. Volume 12, 1993. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://books.google.com/books?id=S4fyAAAAMAAJ&amp;q=Dell+%22Austin,+TX%22&amp;dq=Dell+%22Austin,+TX%22&amp;lr=&amp;as_drrb_is=b&amp;as_minm_is=0&amp;as_miny_is=&amp;as_maxm_is=12&amp;as_maxy_is=1995&amp;as_brr=0&amp;cd=4">175</a>. "Dell Computer Corp., 9505 Arboretum Blvd., Austin, TX 78759."</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-132"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-132">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Pope, Kyle. "<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=AASB&amp;p_theme=aasb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;p_topdoc=1&amp;p_text_direct-0=0EAD893F735FE53E&amp;p_field_direct-0=document_id&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:D&amp;s_trackval=GooglePM">Dell plans expansion and move High-tech firm inks Braker Center deal</a>." <i><a href="/wiki/Austin_American-Statesman" title="Austin American-Statesman">Austin American-Statesman</a></i>. January 24, 1989. B7. Retrieved on May 4, 2010. "Dell occupies 127000 square feet of office space at the Arboretum."</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-133"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-133">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Ladendorf, Kirk and R. Michelle Breyer. "<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=AASB&amp;p_theme=aasb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;p_topdoc=1&amp;p_text_direct-0=0EAD91C285B1FB96&amp;p_field_direct-0=document_id&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:D&amp;s_trackval=GooglePM">Despite document, Dell says no headquarters move planned</a>." <i><a href="/wiki/Austin_American-Statesman" title="Austin American-Statesman">Austin American-Statesman</a></i>. May 22, 1993. E1. Retrieved on May 4, 2010.</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-134"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-134">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">"<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=AASB&amp;p_theme=aasb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;p_topdoc=1&amp;p_text_direct-0=0EAD95EA4EAA0C35&amp;p_field_direct-0=document_id&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:D&amp;s_trackval=GooglePM">Dell to keep top floor at Arboretum offices</a>." <i><a href="/wiki/Austin_American-Statesman" title="Austin American-Statesman">Austin American-Statesman</a></i>. August 29, 1994. C1. Retrieved on May 4, 2010.</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-135"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-135">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Ladendorf, Kirk and Mike Todd. "<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=AASB&amp;p_theme=aasb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;p_topdoc=1&amp;p_text_direct-0=0EAD904A92559062&amp;p_field_direct-0=document_id&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:D&amp;s_trackval=GooglePM">Dell seeks space for expansion Firm makes proposal for tax abatements</a>." <i><a href="/wiki/Austin_American-Statesman" title="Austin American-Statesman">Austin American-Statesman</a></i>. November 5, 1992. B4. Retrieved on May 4, 2010. "The lease on the company's headquarters building at the Arboretum expires in 1994."</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-HQMoving-136"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-HQMoving_136-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Ladendorf, Kirk. "<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=AASB&amp;p_theme=aasb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;p_topdoc=1&amp;p_text_direct-0=0EA25E61F00C5BA3&amp;p_field_direct-0=document_id&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:D&amp;s_trackval=GooglePM">Dell expanding in Central Texas</a>." <i><a href="/wiki/Austin_American-Statesman" title="Austin American-Statesman">Austin American-Statesman</a></i>. October 1, 1996. A1. Retrieved on May 4, 2010.</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-137"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-137">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Mahoney, Jerry. "<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=AASB&amp;p_theme=aasb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;p_topdoc=1&amp;p_text_direct-0=0EA213C608C5F711&amp;p_field_direct-0=document_id&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:D&amp;s_trackval=GooglePM">Dell's success is Round Rock's gain</a>." <i><a href="/wiki/Austin_American-Statesman" title="Austin American-Statesman">Austin American-Statesman</a></i>. January 9, 1996. A1. Retrieved on May 4, 2010. "Dell will have room for 6400 employees when it finishes Round Rock 3 in November . The company, which still employs about 3500 people at its headquarters."</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-138"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-138">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Mahoney, Jerry. "<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=AASB&amp;p_theme=aasb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;p_topdoc=1&amp;p_text_direct-0=0EA074DB8D81792F&amp;p_field_direct-0=document_id&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:D&amp;s_trackval=GooglePM">Dell to expand its office complex</a>." <i><a href="/wiki/Austin_American-Statesman" title="Austin American-Statesman">Austin American-Statesman</a></i>. May 30, 1998. D1. Retrieved on May 4, 2010.</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-139"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-139">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Pletz, John. "<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=AASB&amp;p_theme=aasb&amp;p_action=search&amp;p_maxdocs=200&amp;p_topdoc=1&amp;p_text_direct-0=0E9B7EC401E73E0F&amp;p_field_direct-0=document_id&amp;p_perpage=10&amp;p_sort=YMD_date:D&amp;s_trackval=GooglePM">Dell moving executives closer to Austin</a>." (<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-62107161.html">Alternate link</a>) <i><a href="/wiki/Austin_American-Statesman" title="Austin American-Statesman">Austin American-Statesman</a></i>. May 9, 2000. A1. Retrieved on May 4, 2010.</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-Subleaselascimas-140"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-Subleaselascimas_140-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-Subleaselascimas_140-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text">"<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.bizjournals.com/austin/stories/2002/03/04/daily46.html">Dell seeks to sublease Las Cimas offices</a>." <i><a href="/wiki/Austin_Business_Journal" title="Austin Business Journal" class="mw-redirect">Austin Business Journal</a></i>. Friday March 8, 2002. Retrieved on May 4, 2010.</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-141"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-141">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Pletz, John. "<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-120511547.html">Article: Dell Leaders to Return to Round Rock, Texas, Campus.</a>" <i><a href="/wiki/Austin_American-Statesman" title="Austin American-Statesman">Austin American-Statesman</a></i>. March 8, 2002. Retrieved on May 4, 2010.</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-142"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-142">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Hudgins, Matt. "<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://austin.bizjournals.com/austin/stories/2003/05/12/story5.html">Dell space taken</a>." <i><a href="/wiki/Austin_Business_Journal" title="Austin Business Journal" class="mw-redirect">Austin Business Journal</a></i>. Friday May 9, 2003. Retrieved on May 4, 2010.</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-143"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-143">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www1.ap.dell.com/content/topics/global.aspx/corp/careers/locations/default?c=in&amp;l=en&amp;s=corp">"Dell Locations Corporate Web Site"</a>. .ap.dell.com<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">November 17,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+Locations+Corporate+Web+Site&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww1.ap.dell.com%2Fcontent%2Ftopics%2Fglobal.aspx%2Fcorp%2Fcareers%2Flocations%2Fdefault%3Fc%3Din%26l%3Den%26s%3Dcorp&amp;rft.pub=.ap.dell.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-144"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-144">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.eetindia.co.in/ART_8800474316_1800007_NT_e19571eb.HTM">"EET India article on Dell"</a>. Eetindia.co.in<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">November 17,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=EET+India+article+on+Dell&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.eetindia.co.in%2FART_8800474316_1800007_NT_e19571eb.HTM&amp;rft.pub=Eetindia.co.in&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-145"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-145">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.forbes.com/lists/2009/10/billionaires-2009-richest-people_Michael-Dell_WJOB.html">"#25 Michael Dell"</a>. <i>The World's Billionaires 2009</i>. March 11, 2009<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">October 21,</span> 2009</span>. <q>[Michael Dell] caused ire in Ireland after relocating factory to cheaper Poland.</q></span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.atitle=%2325+Michael+Dell&amp;rft.date=March+11%2C+2009&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.forbes.com%2Flists%2F2009%2F10%2Fbillionaires-2009-richest-people_Michael-Dell_WJOB.html&amp;rft.jtitle=The+World%27s+Billionaires+2009&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-146"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-146">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external free" href="http://www.statesman.com/search/content//business/stories/technology/2009/10/08/1008Dellmap.html">http://www.statesman.com/search/content//business/stories/technology/2009/10/08/1008Dellmap.html</a><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title="&#160;since September 2010">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-tech.fortune.cnn.com-147"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-tech.fortune.cnn.com_147-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-tech.fortune.cnn.com_147-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-tech.fortune.cnn.com_147-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://tech.fortune.cnn.com/2011/02/10/how-dell-conquered-india/">"How Dell conquered India"</a>. CNN. February 10, 2011.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=How+Dell+conquered+India&amp;rft.date=February+10%2C+2011&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Ftech.fortune.cnn.com%2F2011%2F02%2F10%2Fhow-dell-conquered-india%2F&amp;rft.pub=CNN&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-148"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-148">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Dedrick and Kraemer: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://pcic.merage.uci.edu/papers/2007/MarketMaking.pdf">"Market Making in the PC Industry"</a>, Personal Computing Industry Center, 2007.</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-149"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-149">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Kraemer and Dedrick: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://crito.uci.edu/papers/2002/dell.pdf">"Dell Computer: Organization of a Global Production Network"</a>, Center for Research on Information Technology and Organizations, 2002.</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-150"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-150">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Company Annual Reports, various years.</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-151"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-151">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Scheck, J: "Dell Plans to Sell Factories in Effort to Cut Costs", <i>The Wall Street Journal</i>, September 5, 2008.</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-152"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-152">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.rte.ie/news/2009/0108/Dell.html">1,900 jobs lost at Dell in Limerick</a><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title="&#160;since January 2011">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup>. RTÉ New Report&#160;— January 8, 2009</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-153"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-153">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.rte.ie/news/2009/0108/Dell1.html">EU to investigate Dell aid package</a><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title="&#160;since January 2011">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup>. RTÉ New Report&#160;— January 8, 2009</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-154"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-154">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.blythe.org/nytransfer-subs/2000ire/IEP:_The_IE_Professional_No.250_5-17">"NY Transfer&#160;— Since 1985, All the News That Doesn't Fit"</a><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">November 17,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=NY+Transfer%26nbsp%3B%E2%80%94+Since+1985%2C+All+the+News+That+Doesn%27t+Fit&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.blythe.org%2Fnytransfer-subs%2F2000ire%2FIEP%3A_The_IE_Professional_No.250_5-17&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-155"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-155">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.industryweek.com/articles/dell_to_sell_polish_plant_to_taiwans_foxconn_20540.aspx">"Dell to Sell Polish Plant to Taiwan's Foxconn"</a>. IndustryWeek. Agence France-Presse<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">May 8,</span> 2012</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+to+Sell+Polish+Plant+to+Taiwan%27s+Foxconn&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.industryweek.com%2Farticles%2Fdell_to_sell_polish_plant_to_taiwans_foxconn_20540.aspx&amp;rft.pub=IndustryWeek&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-ida-156"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-ida_156-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">IDA Ireland website on <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.idaireland.com/dell/">Dell</a>, visited 12 October 2012</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-157"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-157">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">RTE News: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.rte.ie/news/2009/0325/dell-business.html">Fears for 70 jobs at Athlone's Alienware facility</a>, 25 March 2009. Checked: 12 October 2012</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-158"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-158">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www1.euro.Dell.com/content/topics/topic.aspx/emea/corporate/pressoffice/2006/uk/en/2006_09_18_brk_000?c=uk&amp;l=en&amp;s=corp">"Dell Announces Manufacturing Facility In Poland To Serve Growing Central And Eastern European Markets"</a>. .euro.dell.com<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">November 17,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+Announces+Manufacturing+Facility+In+Poland+To+Serve+Growing+Central+And+Eastern+European+Markets&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww1.euro.Dell.com%2Fcontent%2Ftopics%2Ftopic.aspx%2Femea%2Fcorporate%2Fpressoffice%2F2006%2Fuk%2Fen%2F2006_09_18_brk_000%3Fc%3Duk%26l%3Den%26s%3Dcorp&amp;rft.pub=.euro.dell.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-159"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-159">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.Dell.com/content/topics/global.aspx/corp/pressoffice/en/2001/2001_02_19_pa_000?c=us&amp;l=en&amp;s=corp">Dell Starts Manufacturing Servers in Brazil</a><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title="&#160;since November 2011">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-160"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-160">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.Dell.com/content/products/features.aspx/precn_n?c=us&amp;cs=04&amp;l=en&amp;s=bsd">"Dell Precision Open-Source Workstations with Linux"</a>. Dell.com<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">November 17,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+Precision+Open-Source+Workstations+with+Linux&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.Dell.com%2Fcontent%2Fproducts%2Ffeatures.aspx%2Fprecn_n%3Fc%3Dus%26cs%3D04%26l%3Den%26s%3Dbsd&amp;rft.pub=Dell.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-161"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-161">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://direct2Dell.com/one2one/archive/2007/04/11/11397.aspx">Direct2Dell.com</a></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-162"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-162">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.dell.com/servicedescriptions">"Dell Services"</a>. Dell Inc<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">June 28,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+Services&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.dell.com%2Fservicedescriptions&amp;rft.pub=Dell+Inc.&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-163"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-163">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.Dell.com/ProSupport">"Support Services"</a>. Dell<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">November 17,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Support+Services&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.Dell.com%2FProSupport&amp;rft.pub=Dell&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-164"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-164">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://content.dell.com/us/en/enterprise/d/services/support-services-global-command-center.aspx">"Dell ProSupport on Dell.com"</a>. Content.dell.com<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-10-30</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+ProSupport+on+Dell.com&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fcontent.dell.com%2Fus%2Fen%2Fenterprise%2Fd%2Fservices%2Fsupport-services-global-command-center.aspx&amp;rft.pub=Content.dell.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-165"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-165">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.Dell.com/content/topics/global.aspx/corp/pressoffice/en/2007/2007_03_20_ndi_000?c=us&amp;l=en&amp;s=corp">Michael Dell Sees India Playing a Key Role in the Online World</a><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title="&#160;since November 2011">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-engadget-166"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-engadget_166-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.engadget.com/2007/11/21/dell-launches-star-studded-yours-is-here-ad-campaign/">"Dell launches star-studded "Yours Is Here" ad campaign"</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Engadget" title="Engadget">Engadget</a></i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">July 14,</span> 2010</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.atitle=Dell+launches+star-studded+%22Yours+Is+Here%22+ad+campaign&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.engadget.com%2F2007%2F11%2F21%2Fdell-launches-star-studded-yours-is-here-ad-campaign%2F&amp;rft.jtitle=Engadget&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-167"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-167">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.dell.com/learn/us/en/uscorp1/corp-comm/pk-dellworld-2011">"Dell World 2011"</a>. Dell<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">December 16,</span> 2013</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+World+2011&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.dell.com%2Flearn%2Fus%2Fen%2Fuscorp1%2Fcorp-comm%2Fpk-dellworld-2011&amp;rft.pub=Dell&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-168"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-168">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.dell.com/learn/us/en/uscorp1/secure/2012-dell-world-press">"Dell World 2012 Press Kit"</a>. Dell<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">December 16,</span> 2013</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+World+2012+Press+Kit&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.dell.com%2Flearn%2Fus%2Fen%2Fuscorp1%2Fsecure%2F2012-dell-world-press&amp;rft.pub=Dell&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-169"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-169">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://dellworld2013.activeevents.com/portal/newreg.ww">"Dell World 2013"</a>. Dell<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">December 16,</span> 2013</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+World+2013&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fdellworld2013.activeevents.com%2Fportal%2Fnewreg.ww&amp;rft.pub=Dell&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-170"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-170">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://partner.Dell.com/">"Partner Direct"</a>. Dell<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">June 13,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Partner+Direct&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fpartner.Dell.com%2F&amp;rft.pub=Dell&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-171"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-171">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2013-06-03/news/39714982_1_dell-india-consumer-products-vostro">"Dell enables online purchases through DESA platform"</a>. <i>The Times Of India</i>. June 3, 2013.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.atitle=Dell+enables+online+purchases+through+DESA+platform&amp;rft.date=June+3%2C+2013&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Farticles.economictimes.indiatimes.com%2F2013-06-03%2Fnews%2F39714982_1_dell-india-consumer-products-vostro&amp;rft.jtitle=The+Times+Of+India&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-172"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-172">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external free" href="http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/industry-and-economy/info-tech/dell-launches-online-estore-dell-express-ship-affiliate/article4777976.ece">http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/industry-and-economy/info-tech/dell-launches-online-estore-dell-express-ship-affiliate/article4777976.ece</a></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-173"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-173">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.vnunet.com/vnunet/news/2220173/Dell-scolded-laptop-ads">"Dell Scolded for Laptop Ads"</a>. Vnunet.com<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-10-30</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+Scolded+for+Laptop+Ads&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.vnunet.com%2Fvnunet%2Fnews%2F2220173%2FDell-scolded-laptop-ads&amp;rft.pub=Vnunet.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-174"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-174">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://digitaldaily.allthingsd.com/20080623/dont-worry-Dell-your-laptops-are-still-the-worlds-ugliest/">"Dell's Claim as World's Most Secure Commercial Laptops?"</a>. Digitaldaily.allthingsd.com. June 23, 2008<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">November 17,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell%27s+Claim+as+World%27s+Most+Secure+Commercial+Laptops%3F&amp;rft.date=June+23%2C+2008&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fdigitaldaily.allthingsd.com%2F20080623%2Fdont-worry-Dell-your-laptops-are-still-the-worlds-ugliest%2F&amp;rft.pub=Digitaldaily.allthingsd.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-175"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-175">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://content.dell.com/us/en/corp/d/press-releases/2008-01-30-00-direct-retail.aspx">"Dell Focuses on Direct and Retail Business, Closes Kiosks in U.S"</a>. Content.dell.com. January 30, 2008<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">November 17,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+Focuses+on+Direct+and+Retail+Business%2C+Closes+Kiosks+in+U.S&amp;rft.date=January+30%2C+2008&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fcontent.dell.com%2Fus%2Fen%2Fcorp%2Fd%2Fpress-releases%2F2008-01-30-00-direct-retail.aspx&amp;rft.pub=Content.dell.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title="&#160;since July 2013">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-176"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-176">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.gizmodo.com.au/2010/04/dell-closing-down-their-retail-kiosks-across-the-country/">"Dell Closing Down Their Retail Kiosks Across The Country"</a>. gizmodo.com. April 1, 2010<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">November 18,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+Closing+Down+Their+Retail+Kiosks+Across+The+Country&amp;rft.date=April+1%2C+2010&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.gizmodo.com.au%2F2010%2F04%2Fdell-closing-down-their-retail-kiosks-across-the-country%2F&amp;rft.pub=gizmodo.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-177"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-177">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.netzwelt.de/news/87864-discounter-check-dell-venue-pro-media-markt.html">"Dell Venue Pro offered by Media Markt"</a>. Netzwelt.de. February 22, 1999<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">November 17,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+Venue+Pro+offered+by+Media+Markt&amp;rft.date=February+22%2C+1999&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.netzwelt.de%2Fnews%2F87864-discounter-check-dell-venue-pro-media-markt.html&amp;rft.pub=Netzwelt.de&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-178"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-178">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external autonumber" href="http://www.forbes.com/2006/10/19/Dell-computer-earnings-markets-equity-cx_mk_1019markets07.html?partner=yahootix">[2]</a><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title="&#160;since July 2013">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title="&#160;since January 2011">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-179"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-179">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://home.businesswire.com/portal/site/google/index.jsp?ndmViewId=news_view&amp;newsId=20070117006106&amp;newsLang=en">"Gartner Says Hewlett-Packard Takes Clear Lead in Fourth Quarter Worldwide PC Shipments and Creates a Virtual Tie with Dell for 2006 Year-End Results"</a>. Business Wire. 2007-01-17<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2013-06-22</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Gartner+Says+Hewlett-Packard+Takes+Clear+Lead+in+Fourth+Quarter+Worldwide+PC+Shipments+and+Creates+a+Virtual+Tie+with+Dell+for+2006+Year-End+Results&amp;rft.date=2007-01-17&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fhome.businesswire.com%2Fportal%2Fsite%2Fgoogle%2Findex.jsp%3FndmViewId%3Dnews_view%26newsId%3D20070117006106%26newsLang%3Den&amp;rft.pub=Business+Wire&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-180"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-180">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://yahoo.reuters.com/news/articlehybrid.aspx?storyID=urn:newsml:reuters.com:20070312:MTFH05034_2007-03-12_21-17-33_N12385967&amp;type=comktNews&amp;rpc=44">"World News, Business News, Breaking US &amp; International News|Reuters.com"</a>. Reuters.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=World+News%2C+Business+News%2C+Breaking+US+%26+International+News%26%23124%3BReuters.com&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fyahoo.reuters.com%2Fnews%2Farticlehybrid.aspx%3FstoryID%3Durn%3Anewsml%3Areuters.com%3A20070312%3AMTFH05034_2007-03-12_21-17-33_N12385967%26type%3DcomktNews%26rpc%3D44&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title="&#160;since January 2011">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-181"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-181">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.Dell.com/emc">"Dell/EMC products"</a>. Dell.com<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">November 17,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell%2FEMC+products&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.Dell.com%2Femc&amp;rft.pub=Dell.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-182"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-182">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.dell.com/content/topics/global.aspx/corp/pressoffice/en/2008/2008_12_09_rr_000?c=us&amp;l=en">"Dell, EMC Extend and Expand Strategic Alliance"</a>. Dell. December 9, 2008<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">September 5,</span> 2010</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell%2C+EMC+Extend+and+Expand+Strategic+Alliance&amp;rft.date=December+9%2C+2008&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.dell.com%2Fcontent%2Ftopics%2Fglobal.aspx%2Fcorp%2Fpressoffice%2Fen%2F2008%2F2008_12_09_rr_000%3Fc%3Dus%26l%3Den&amp;rft.pub=Dell&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-183"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-183">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.eweek.com/c/a/Data-Storage/Dell-EMC-End-Storage-Reseller-Partnership-Two-Years-Early-705362/">"Dell, EMC End Storage Reseller Partnership Two Years Early"</a>. <i>EWeeks</i>. October 17, 2011<span class="reference-accessdate">. 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Retrieved <span class="nowrap">November 14,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Guide+to+Greener+Electronics%26%23124%3BGreenpeace+International&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.greenpeace.org%2Finternational%2Fen%2Fcampaigns%2Fclimate-change%2Fcool-it%2FGuide-to-Greener-Electronics%2F&amp;rft.pub=Greenpeace+International&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title="&#160;since July 2013">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-186"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-186">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.greenpeace.org/international/Global/international/publications/toxics/2010/version16/Ranking%20tables%20Oct%202010-Dell.pdf">"Ranking tables – October 2010"</a>. Greenpeace International<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">January 13,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Ranking+tables+%E2%80%93+October+2010&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.greenpeace.org%2Finternational%2FGlobal%2Finternational%2Fpublications%2Ftoxics%2F2010%2Fversion16%2FRanking%2520tables%2520Oct%25202010-Dell.pdf&amp;rft.pub=Greenpeace+International&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-187"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-187">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.dell.com/content/topics/global.aspx/corp/pressoffice/en/2007/2007_06_05_lon_000?c=us&amp;l=en">"Dell Sets Goal Of Becoming Greenest Technology Company|Dell"</a>. Dell<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">January 13,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+Sets+Goal+Of+Becoming+Greenest+Technology+Company%26%23124%3BDell&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.dell.com%2Fcontent%2Ftopics%2Fglobal.aspx%2Fcorp%2Fpressoffice%2Fen%2F2007%2F2007_06_05_lon_000%3Fc%3Dus%26l%3Den&amp;rft.pub=Dell&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-188"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-188">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/news/features/dell-breaking-promise-290310/">"Dell targeted for breaking promise on toxic chemicals|Greenpeace International"</a>. Greenpeace International<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">January 13,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+targeted+for+breaking+promise+on+toxic+chemicals%26%23124%3BGreenpeace+International&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.greenpeace.org%2Finternational%2Fen%2Fnews%2Ffeatures%2Fdell-breaking-promise-290310%2F&amp;rft.pub=Greenpeace+International&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-189"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-189">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://content.dell.com/us/en/corp/d/corp-comm/earth-greener-products-materials.aspx">"Materials Use: What's Inside Our Products – And What's Not|Dell"</a>. Dell<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 16,</span> 2010</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Materials+Use%3A+What%27s+Inside+Our+Products+%E2%80%93+And+What%27s+Not%26%23124%3BDell&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fcontent.dell.com%2Fus%2Fen%2Fcorp%2Fd%2Fcorp-comm%2Fearth-greener-products-materials.aspx&amp;rft.pub=Dell&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-EnoughProject2012-190"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-EnoughProject2012_190-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web">Lezhnev, Sasha; Alex Hellmuth (Aug 2012). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.enoughproject.org/files/CorporateRankings2012.pdf">"Taking Conflict Out of Consumer Gadgets: Company Rankings on Conflict Minerals 2012"</a> (PDF). <a href="/wiki/Enough_Project" title="Enough Project">Enough Project</a><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-08-17</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.au=Alex+Hellmuth&amp;rft.aufirst=Sasha&amp;rft.aulast=Lezhnev&amp;rft.au=Lezhnev%2C+Sasha&amp;rft.btitle=Taking+Conflict+Out+of+Consumer+Gadgets%3A+Company+Rankings+on+Conflict+Minerals+2012&amp;rft.date=Aug+2012&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.enoughproject.org%2Ffiles%2FCorporateRankings2012.pdf&amp;rft.pub=Enough+Project&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-191"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-191">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web">William Baue. <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.socialfunds.com/news/article.cgi/1421.html">"Dell First US Computer Company to Commit to a Global Recycling Goal"</a>. SocialFunds.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.aulast=William+Baue&amp;rft.au=William+Baue&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+First+US+Computer+Company+to+Commit+to+a+Global+Recycling+Goal&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.socialfunds.com%2Fnews%2Farticle.cgi%2F1421.html&amp;rft.pub=SocialFunds&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-National_Recycling_Coalition-192"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-National_Recycling_Coalition_192-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.nrc-recycle.org/recyclingworkswinners.aspx">– National Recycling Coalition</a><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title="&#160;since November 2011">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-193"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-193">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external free" href="http://biz.yahoo.com/ap/070719/tx_Dell_recycling.html?.v=1">http://biz.yahoo.com/ap/070719/tx_Dell_recycling.html?.v=1</a><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title="&#160;since September 2010">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-Dell_Inc.-194"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-Dell_Inc._194-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://content.dell.com/us/en/corp/d/press-releases/2007-07-19-01-recycle.aspx">Dell Ahead of Schedule to Achieve Multi-Year Product Recycling Goal</a><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title="&#160;since July 2013">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup>, 19 July 2007. Visited: 28 October 2012</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-195"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-195">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Dell 2008 Corporate Social Responsibility Report: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://i.Dell.com/sites/content/corporate/environment/en/Documents/Dell%20Corporate%20Responsibility%20Report%202008.pdf">Section "GRI Performance Indicators Index"</a>, Dell Inc, 2008. Retrieved: 28 October 2012</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-196"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-196">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external free" href="http://www.Dell.com/content/topics/global.aspx/casestudies/en/emea/eu/fy2008_q3_id688?c=us&amp;l=en&amp;s=gen">http://www.Dell.com/content/topics/global.aspx/casestudies/en/emea/eu/fy2008_q3_id688?c=us&amp;l=en&amp;s=gen</a><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title="&#160;since October 2012">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-197"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-197">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.1e.com/download/whitepapers/688_2007_DellonDellenergy_79991399.pdf">"Dell o Dell:Energy Efficiency"</a>. Le.com<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-10-30</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+o+Dell%3AEnergy+Efficiency&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.1e.com%2Fdownload%2Fwhitepapers%2F688_2007_DellonDellenergy_79991399.pdf&amp;rft.pub=Le.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-198"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-198">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.informit.com/articles/article.aspx?p=339053">"Dell proprietary (non-standard) ATX design &gt; Dell proprietary (non-standard) ATX design"</a>. InformIT<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">November 17,</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+proprietary+%28non-standard%29+ATX+design+%3E+Dell+proprietary+%28non-standard%29+ATX+design&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.informit.com%2Farticles%2Farticle.aspx%3Fp%3D339053&amp;rft.pub=InformIT&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-199"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-199">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Mueller, Scott. <i>Upgrading and Repairing PCs</i>, 13ed, Indianapolis: Que Publications, 2002, <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/0789725428" class="internal mw-magiclink-isbn">ISBN 0-7897-2542-8</a>, and subsequent editions</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-200"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-200">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation web"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/feb2006/tc20060223_710372.htm">"It's Dell vs. the Dell Way"</a>. <i>Bloomberg BusinessWeek</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2012-10-30</span></span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.atitle=It%27s+Dell+vs.+the+Dell+Way&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.businessweek.com%2Ftechnology%2Fcontent%2Ffeb2006%2Ftc20060223_710372.htm&amp;rft.jtitle=Bloomberg+BusinessWeek&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-201"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-201">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/jun2006/tc20060612_046085.htm">Dell Spiffs Up Its Service</a>, <i>Business Week</i></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-202"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-202">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.direct2Dell.com/one2one/archive/2006/07/13/433.aspx">No Magic Wands For Customer Service</a>, The Official Dell blog</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-203"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-203">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news">Kirkpatrick, David (September 18, 2006). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune_archive/2006/09/18/8386121/index.htm">"Dell in the penalty box"</a>. CNN<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">May 1,</span> 2010</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.aufirst=David&amp;rft.au=Kirkpatrick%2C+David&amp;rft.aulast=Kirkpatrick&amp;rft.btitle=Dell+in+the+penalty+box&amp;rft.date=September+18%2C+2006&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fmoney.cnn.com%2Fmagazines%2Ffortune%2Ffortune_archive%2F2006%2F09%2F18%2F8386121%2Findex.htm&amp;rft.pub=CNN&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-204"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-204">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Dell Community Forum post: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://en.community.dell.com/support-forums/laptop/f/3518/p/19313901/19624973.aspx">How do I reach the Dell Executive escalation department</a>, posted: 5 January 2010. VisitedL 28 October 2012.</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-205"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-205">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">The Guardian: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2007/aug/17/technology.news">Dell pares past profits because of "massaging"</a>, 17 August 2007. Visited: 28 October 2012</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-206"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-206">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news">Darlin, Damon (November 16, 2006). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.nytimes.com/2006/11/16/technology/16Dell.html?ex=1321333200&amp;en=d4ea7f8f975e4474&amp;ei=5088&amp;partner=rssnyt&amp;emc=rss">"Dell Accounting Inquiry Made Formal by S.E.C"</a>. <i>The New York Times</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">August 19,</span> 2007</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.atitle=Dell+Accounting+Inquiry+Made+Formal+by+S.E.C&amp;rft.au=Darlin%2C+Damon&amp;rft.aufirst=Damon&amp;rft.aulast=Darlin&amp;rft.date=November+16%2C+2006&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.nytimes.com%2F2006%2F11%2F16%2Ftechnology%2F16Dell.html%3Fex%3D1321333200%26en%3Dd4ea7f8f975e4474%26ei%3D5088%26partner%3Drssnyt%26emc%3Drss&amp;rft.jtitle=The+New+York+Times&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-207"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-207">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news">Reed, Kevin (July 23, 2010). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.accountancyage.com/accountancyage/news/2266948/dell-pays-100m-penalty-settle">"Dell pays $100m penalty to settle accounting fraud charges"</a>. <i>Accountancy Age</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">July 23,</span> 2010</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.atitle=Dell+pays+%24100m+penalty+to+settle+accounting+fraud+charges&amp;rft.aufirst=Kevin&amp;rft.aulast=Reed&amp;rft.au=Reed%2C+Kevin&amp;rft.date=July+23%2C+2010&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.accountancyage.com%2Faccountancyage%2Fnews%2F2266948%2Fdell-pays-100m-penalty-settle&amp;rft.jtitle=Accountancy+Age&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-208"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-208">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/biz/archives/2010/06/07/2003474881">Dell loses Taiwan consumer lawsuit: report</a>, 7 June 2010. Visited: 28 October 2012.</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-209"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-209">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text">Taiwanese lawsuit: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://jirs.judicial.gov.tw/FJUD/PrintFJUD03_0.aspx?jrecno=98%2c%e8%a8%b4%2c1009%2c20100531%2c2&amp;v_court=TND+%e8%87%ba%e7%81%a3%e8%87%ba%e5%8d%97%e5%9c%b0%e6%96%b9%e6%b3%95%e9%99%a2&amp;v_sys=V&amp;jyear=98&amp;jcase=%e8%a8%b4&amp;jno=1009&amp;jdate=990531&amp;jcheck=2">full-text verdict</a>. Retrieved: 28 October 2012</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-210"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-210">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news">Poornima Gupta and Edwin Chan (1 August 2013). <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/08/02/us-dell-icahn-idUSBRE97012520130802?feedType=RSS&amp;feedName=topNews&amp;utm_source=dlvr.it&amp;utm_medium=twitter&amp;dlvrit=992637">"Icahn sues Dell in latest attempt to foil buyout"</a>. Reuters.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.aulast=Poornima+Gupta+and+Edwin+Chan&amp;rft.au=Poornima+Gupta+and+Edwin+Chan&amp;rft.btitle=Icahn+sues+Dell+in+latest+attempt+to+foil+buyout&amp;rft.date=1+August+2013&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.reuters.com%2Farticle%2F2013%2F08%2F02%2Fus-dell-icahn-idUSBRE97012520130802%3FfeedType%3DRSS%26feedName%3DtopNews%26utm_source%3Ddlvr.it%26utm_medium%3Dtwitter%26dlvrit%3D992637&amp;rft.pub=Reuters&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +</ol> +</div> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Further_reading">Further reading</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=29" title="Edit section: Further reading">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<div class="refbegin columns references-column-width" style="-moz-column-width: 30em; -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em;"> +<ul> +<li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.hoovers.com/Dell/--ID__13193--/free-co-factsheet.xhtml">Dell Company Information</a></li> +<li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.alacrastore.com/company-snapshot/Dell_Inc-1004833">Dell Company Profile &amp; News</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Michael_Dell" title="Michael Dell">Michael Dell</a>, Catherine Fredman, <i>Direct From Dell</i>, <a href="/wiki/Special:BookSources/0887309143" class="internal mw-magiclink-isbn">ISBN 0-88730-914-3</a></li> +<li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.time.com/time/business/article/0,8599,1664718,00.html">"Dell Inks Computer Deal in China"</a><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title="&#160;since July 2013">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup> on Time.com (a division of <i>Time</i> Magazine), 2007-09-24, retrieved 2007-10-14</li> +<li><span class="citation news">Serwer, Andy (November 28, 2005). "Dell's Midlife Crisis". <i><a href="/wiki/Fortune_(magazine)" title="Fortune (magazine)">Fortune</a></i>. pp.&#160;63–66.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3ADell&amp;rft.atitle=Dell%27s+Midlife+Crisis&amp;rft.aufirst=Andy&amp;rft.aulast=Serwer&amp;rft.au=Serwer%2C+Andy&amp;rft.date=November+28%2C+2005&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft.jtitle=Fortune&amp;rft.pages=63-66&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></li> +<li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/mostadmired/industries/industry_114.html">Dell as the seventh-most-admired computer company in the USA</a>, <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/mostadmired/">eighth overall</a>, <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/globalmostadmired/top50/">and seventh worldwide</a>. <i><a href="/wiki/Fortune_(magazine)" title="Fortune (magazine)">Fortune</a></i>, <i>Most Admired Companies 2006</i>.</li> +<li>Dell Ottawa references: +<ul> +<li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www1.ca.Dell.com/content/topics/topic.aspx/global/hybrid/careers/content/4BE7A554-FF0E-4598-AD37-7DBFF92A0D3B?c=ca&amp;l=en&amp;s=corp">Dell official website</a></li> +</ul> +</li> +<li><i><a href="/wiki/BBC_News" title="BBC News">BBC News</a></i>, August 21, 2003, <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/3169407.stm"><i>Dell makes grab for market share</i></a></li> +<li><i><a href="/wiki/USA_Today" title="USA Today">USA Today</a></i>, January 20, 2001, <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.usatoday.com/money/industries/technology/2003-01-19-Dell-cover_x.htm"><i>Dell business model turns to muscle as rivals struggle</i></a></li> +<li><i><a href="/wiki/Ubuntu_Forums" title="Ubuntu Forums">Ubuntu Forums</a></i>, June 7, 2007, <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=465723&amp;highlight=Dellbuntu"><i>Dell's with Ubuntu called Dellbuntu</i></a></li> +</ul> +</div> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="External_links">External links</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;action=edit&amp;section=30" title="Edit section: External links">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<table class="mbox-small plainlinks" style="border:1px solid #aaa;background-color:#f9f9f9"> +<tr> +<td class="mbox-image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg/30px-Commons-logo.svg.png" width="30" height="40" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg/45px-Commons-logo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg/59px-Commons-logo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1024" 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transparent;border:none;">v</span></a></li> +<li class="nv-talk"><a href="/wiki/Template_talk:Dell" title="Template talk:Dell"><span title="Discuss this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;">t</span></a></li> +<li class="nv-edit"><a class="external text" href="//en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Dell&amp;action=edit"><span title="Edit this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;">e</span></a></li> +</ul> +</div> +<div style="font-size:110%"><strong class="selflink">Dell</strong></div> +</th> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Computers</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Adamo" title="Dell Adamo">Adamo</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_OptiPlex" title="Dell OptiPlex">OptiPlex</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Dimension" title="Dell Dimension">Dimension</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Precision" title="Dell Precision">Precision</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_XPS" title="Dell XPS">XPS</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Latitude" title="Dell Latitude">Latitude</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Inspiron" title="Dell Inspiron">Inspiron</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Inspiron_Mini_Series" title="Dell Inspiron Mini Series">Inspiron Mini</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Vostro" title="Dell Vostro">Vostro</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Studio" title="Dell Studio">Studio</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Alienware" title="Alienware">Alienware</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Servers</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_PowerEdge" title="Dell PowerEdge">PowerEdge</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_M1000e" title="Dell M1000e">M1000e blade-system</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_PowerVault" title="Dell PowerVault">PowerVault</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/PowerEdge_VRTX" title="PowerEdge VRTX">PowerEdge VRTX</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Thin clients</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_FX100" title="Dell FX100">FX100</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Wyse" title="Dell Wyse">Wyse</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Smartphones</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Streak" title="Dell Streak">Streak</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Venue_Pro" title="Dell Venue Pro">Venue Pro</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Venue" title="Dell Venue">Venue</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group"><a href="/wiki/List_of_Dell_ownership_activities" title="List of Dell ownership activities">Acquisitions</a></th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Alienware" title="Alienware">Alienware</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/EqualLogic" title="EqualLogic">EqualLogic</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Perot_Systems" title="Perot Systems">Perot Systems</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/KACE_Networks" title="KACE Networks">KACE Networks</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Ocarina_Networks" title="Ocarina Networks">Ocarina Networks</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Compellent" title="Dell Compellent">Dell Compellent</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Force10" title="Force10">Force10</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/SecureWorks" title="SecureWorks" class="mw-redirect">SecureWorks</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_AppAssure" title="Dell AppAssure">Dell AppAssure</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Wyse" title="Dell Wyse">Wyse</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/SonicWall" title="SonicWall">SonicWall</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Other</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_PowerConnect" title="Dell PowerConnect">PowerConnect switches</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Axim" title="Dell Axim">Axim</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Digital_Jukebox" title="Dell Digital Jukebox">Digital Jukebox (DJ)</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_monitors" title="Dell monitors">Monitors</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Support_Center" title="Dell Support Center">Dell Support Center</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Diamond" title="Dell Diamond">Dell Diamond</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +</table> +</td> +</tr> +</table> +<table class="navbox" style="border-spacing:0"> +<tr> +<td style="padding:2px"> +<table class="nowraplinks collapsible autocollapse navbox-inner" style="border-spacing:0;background:transparent;color:inherit"> +<tr> +<th scope="col" class="navbox-title" colspan="2" style="background:#e8e8ff;"><span style="float:left;width:6em">&#160;</span> +<div style="font-size:110%">Links to related articles</div> +</th> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<td colspan="2" class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="width:100%;padding:0px;padding:0px;font-size:113%;"> +<div style="padding:0px;"> +<table class="navbox" style="border-spacing:0"> +<tr> +<td style="padding:2px"> +<table class="nowraplinks hlist collapsible autocollapse navbox-inner" style="border-spacing:0;background:transparent;color:inherit"> +<tr> +<th scope="col" class="navbox-title" colspan="2"> +<div class="plainlinks hlist navbar mini"> +<ul> +<li class="nv-view"><a href="/wiki/Template:Austin" title="Template:Austin"><span title="View this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;">v</span></a></li> +<li class="nv-talk"><a href="/wiki/Template_talk:Austin" title="Template talk:Austin"><span title="Discuss this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;">t</span></a></li> +<li class="nv-edit"><a class="external text" href="//en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Austin&amp;action=edit"><span title="Edit this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;">e</span></a></li> +</ul> +</div> +<div style="font-size:110%"><a href="/wiki/Austin,_Texas" title="Austin, Texas">City of Austin</a></div> +</th> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<td class="navbox-abovebelow" colspan="2"> +<div>Slogan: <i>Live Music Capital of the World</i></div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Attractions</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Austin_Zoo" title="Austin Zoo">Austin Zoo</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Austin_Aquarium" title="Austin Aquarium">Austin Aquarium</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Circuit_of_the_Americas" title="Circuit of the Americas">Circuit of the Americas</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Darrell_K_Royal_%E2%80%93_Texas_Memorial_Stadium" title="Darrell K Royal – Texas Memorial Stadium" class="mw-redirect">Darrell K Royal-Texas Memorial Stadium</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Diamond" title="Dell Diamond">Dell Diamond</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Driskill_Hotel" title="Driskill Hotel">Driskill Hotel</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Frank_Erwin_Center" title="Frank Erwin Center">Frank Erwin Center</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Treaty_Oak_(Austin,_Texas)" title="Treaty Oak (Austin, Texas)">Treaty Oak</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Texas_Governor%27s_Mansion" title="Texas Governor's Mansion">Texas Governor's Mansion</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Texas_State_Capitol" title="Texas State Capitol">State Capitol</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/UFCU_Disch%E2%80%93Falk_Field" title="UFCU Disch–Falk Field">UFCU Disch-Falk Field</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Main_Building_(University_of_Texas_at_Austin)" title="Main Building (University of Texas at Austin)">University of Texas Tower</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group"><a href="/wiki/History_of_Austin,_Texas" title="History of Austin, Texas">History</a></th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/French_Legation" title="French Legation">French Legation</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Greater_Austin" title="Greater Austin">Greater Austin</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Levi_Rock_Shelter" title="Levi Rock Shelter">Levi Rock Shelter</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Austin_Dam_failure" title="Austin Dam failure">Austin Dam failure</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Stephen_F._Austin" title="Stephen F. Austin">Stephen F. Austin</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Texas_Archive_War" title="Texas Archive War">Texas Archive War</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Timeline_of_Austin,_Texas_history" title="Timeline of Austin, Texas history" class="mw-redirect">Timeline</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Treaty_Oak_(Austin,_Texas)" title="Treaty Oak (Austin, Texas)">Treaty Oak</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Waterloo,_Texas" title="Waterloo, Texas">Waterloo, Texas</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Education</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Austin_Community_College" title="Austin Community College" class="mw-redirect">Austin Community College</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Concordia_University_Texas" title="Concordia University Texas">Concordia University Texas</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Huston-Tillotson_University" title="Huston-Tillotson University" class="mw-redirect">Huston-Tillotson University</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/St._Edward%27s_University" title="St. Edward's University">St. Edward's University</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/University_of_Texas_at_Austin" title="University of Texas at Austin">University of Texas</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Geography</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Smith_Rock_Shelter" title="Smith Rock Shelter">Smith Rock Shelter</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Government</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Austin_ReBlend" title="Austin ReBlend">Austin ReBlend</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Camp_Mabry" title="Camp Mabry">Camp Mabry</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Industry</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"></div> +<table class="nowraplinks navbox-subgroup" style="border-spacing:0"> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="padding-left:0;padding-right:0;"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.75em;">General</div> +</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Amy%27s_Ice_Cream" title="Amy's Ice Cream" class="mw-redirect">Amy's Ice Cream</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Golfsmith" title="Golfsmith">Golfsmith</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Keller_Williams_Realty" title="Keller Williams Realty">Keller Williams Realty</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Schlotzsky%27s" title="Schlotzsky's">Schlotzsky's</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Whole_Foods_Market" title="Whole Foods Market">Whole Foods Market</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="padding-left:0;padding-right:0;"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.75em;">Creative arts</div> +</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Alamo_Drafthouse_Cinema" title="Alamo Drafthouse Cinema">Alamo Drafthouse Cinema</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Collings_Guitars" title="Collings Guitars">Collings Guitars</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Inner_Sanctum_Records" title="Inner Sanctum Records">Inner Sanctum Records</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Troublemaker_Studios" title="Troublemaker Studios">Troublemaker Studios</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Retro_Studios" title="Retro Studios">Retro Studios</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Rooster_Teeth" title="Rooster Teeth">Rooster Teeth</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Waterloo_Records" title="Waterloo Records">Waterloo Records</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Western_Vinyl" title="Western Vinyl">Western Vinyl</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="padding-left:0;padding-right:0;"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.75em;">Technology</div> +</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Advanced_Technology_Development_Facility" title="Advanced Technology Development Facility">Advanced Technology Development Facility (ATDF)</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Advanced_Micro_Devices" title="Advanced Micro Devices">Advanced Micro Devices</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Cirrus_Logic" title="Cirrus Logic">Cirrus Logic</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dell_Computer" title="Dell Computer" class="mw-redirect">Dell Computer</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Freescale_Semiconductor" title="Freescale Semiconductor">Freescale Semiconductor</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/IBM" title="IBM">IBM</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Luminex_Corporation" title="Luminex Corporation">Luminex Corporation</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Microelectronics_and_Computer_Technology_Corporation" title="Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation">MCC</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/National_Instruments" title="National Instruments">National Instruments</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/NCSOFT" title="NCSOFT">NCSOFT</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/SEMATECH" title="SEMATECH">SEMATECH</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Silicon_Laboratories" title="Silicon Laboratories" class="mw-redirect">Silicon Laboratories</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Valence_Technology" title="Valence Technology">Valence Technology</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +</table> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Museums</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Arthouse_at_the_Jones_Center" title="Arthouse at the Jones Center" class="mw-redirect">Arthouse at the Jones Center</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Austin_History_Center" title="Austin History Center">Austin History Center</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Austin_Museum_of_Art" title="Austin Museum of Art" class="mw-redirect">Austin Museum of Art</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Austin_Museum_of_Digital_Art" title="Austin Museum of Digital Art">Austin Museum of Digital Art</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Blanton_Museum_of_Art" title="Blanton Museum of Art">Blanton Museum of Art</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Bullock_Texas_State_History_Museum" title="Bullock Texas State History Museum">Bullock Texas State History Museum</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dolph_Briscoe_Center_for_American_History" title="Dolph Briscoe Center for American History">Dolph Briscoe Center for American History</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/George_Washington_Carver_Museum_and_Cultural_Center" title="George Washington Carver Museum and Cultural Center">George Washington Carver Museum and Cultural Center</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Southgate-Lewis_House" title="Southgate-Lewis House">Jacob Fontaine Religious Museum</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/French_Legation" title="French Legation">French Legation Museum</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lady_Bird_Johnson_Wildflower_Center" title="Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center">Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lyndon_Baines_Johnson_Library_and_Museum" title="Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum">Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Mexic-Arte_Museum" title="Mexic-Arte Museum">Mexic-Arte Museum</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Neill-Cochran_House" title="Neill-Cochran House">Neill-Cochran House Museum</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Elisabet_Ney_Museum" title="Elisabet Ney Museum">Elisabet Ney Museum</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/O._Henry_Museum" title="O. Henry Museum" class="mw-redirect">O. Henry Museum</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Harry_Ransom_Humanities_Research_Center" title="Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center" class="mw-redirect">Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/South_Austin_Museum_of_Popular_Culture" title="South Austin Museum of Popular Culture">South Austin Museum of Popular Culture</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Texas_Memorial_Museum" title="Texas Memorial Museum">Texas Memorial Museum</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Texas_Military_Forces_Museum" title="Texas Military Forces Museum">Texas Military Forces Museum</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/General_Land_Office_Building_(Austin,_Texas)" title="General Land Office Building (Austin, Texas)">Texas State Capitol Visitors Center</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Umlauf_Sculpture_Garden" title="Umlauf Sculpture Garden" class="mw-redirect">Umlauf Sculpture Garden</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group"><a href="/wiki/Music_of_Austin" title="Music of Austin" class="mw-redirect">Music</a></th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Clifford_Antone" title="Clifford Antone">Antone's</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Armadillo_World_Headquarters" title="Armadillo World Headquarters">Armadillo World Headquarters</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Austin_City_Limits" title="Austin City Limits">Austin City Limits</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Austin_Lyric_Opera" title="Austin Lyric Opera">Austin Lyric Opera</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Austin_Symphony_Orchestra" title="Austin Symphony Orchestra">Austin Symphony Orchestra</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Cinematic_Symphony" title="Cinematic Symphony">Cinematic Symphony</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Emo%27s" title="Emo's">Emo's</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/South_by_Southwest" title="South by Southwest">SXSW</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group"><a href="/wiki/List_of_Austin_neighborhoods" title="List of Austin neighborhoods">Neighborhoods</a></th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Allandale,_Austin,_Texas" title="Allandale, Austin, Texas">Allandale</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Anderson_Mill,_Texas" title="Anderson Mill, Texas">Anderson Mill</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Barton_Hills,_Austin,_Texas" title="Barton Hills, Austin, Texas">Barton Hills</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Bouldin_Creek,_Austin,_Texas" title="Bouldin Creek, Austin, Texas">Bouldin Creek</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Bremond_Block_Historic_District_(Austin,_Texas)" title="Bremond Block Historic District (Austin, Texas)">Bremond Block Historic District</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Brentwood,_Austin,_Texas" title="Brentwood, Austin, Texas">Brentwood</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Bryker_Woods,_Austin,_Texas" title="Bryker Woods, Austin, Texas">Bryker Woods</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Canyon_Creek,_Austin,_Texas" title="Canyon Creek, Austin, Texas">Canyon Creek</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Chinatown,_Austin" title="Chinatown, Austin">Chinatown</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Circle_C_Ranch" title="Circle C Ranch">Circle C Ranch</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Clarksville_Historic_District_(Austin,_Texas)" title="Clarksville Historic District (Austin, Texas)">Clarksville</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Congress_Avenue_Historic_District" title="Congress Avenue Historic District">Congress Avenue</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Copperfield,_Austin,_Texas" title="Copperfield, Austin, Texas">Copperfield</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Crestview,_Austin,_Texas" title="Crestview, Austin, Texas">Crestview</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dawson,_Austin,_Texas" title="Dawson, Austin, Texas">Dawson</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Dove_Springs,_Austin,_Texas" title="Dove Springs, Austin, Texas">Dove Springs</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Downtown_Austin" title="Downtown Austin">Downtown Austin</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Drag_(Austin,_Texas)" title="Drag (Austin, Texas)">The Drag</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/East_Cesar_Chavez,_Austin,_Texas" title="East Cesar Chavez, Austin, Texas">East Cesar Chavez</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/East_Riverside-Oltorf,_Austin,_Texas" title="East Riverside-Oltorf, Austin, Texas">East Riverside-Oltorf</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Far_West,_Austin,_Texas" title="Far West, Austin, Texas">Far West</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/French_Place,_Austin_Texas" title="French Place, Austin Texas">French Place</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Galindo,_Austin,_Texas" title="Galindo, Austin, Texas">Galindo</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Granada_Hills,_Austin,_Texas" title="Granada Hills, Austin, Texas">Granada Hills</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Hancock,_Austin,_Texas" title="Hancock, Austin, Texas">Hancock</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Hyde_Park_Historic_District_(Austin,_Texas)" title="Hyde Park Historic District (Austin, Texas)">Hyde Park Historic District</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Montopolis,_Austin,_Texas" title="Montopolis, Austin, Texas">Montopolis</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Moore%27s_Crossing_Historic_District" title="Moore's Crossing Historic District">Moore's Crossing Historic District</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Mueller_Community" title="Mueller Community">Mueller Community</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/North_Shoal_Creek,_Austin,_Texas" title="North Shoal Creek, Austin, Texas">North Shoal Creek</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Northwest_Hills,_Austin,_Texas" title="Northwest Hills, Austin, Texas">Northwest Hills</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Oak_Hill,_Austin,_Texas" title="Oak Hill, Austin, Texas">Oak Hill</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Old_West_Austin_Historic_District" title="Old West Austin Historic District">Old West Austin</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Onion_Creek,_Austin,_Texas" title="Onion Creek, Austin, Texas">Onion Creek</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Rainey_Street_Historic_District_(Austin,_Texas)" title="Rainey Street Historic District (Austin, Texas)">Rainey Street</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Rosedale,_Austin,_Texas" title="Rosedale, Austin, Texas">Rosedale</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Saint_John,_Austin,_Texas" title="Saint John, Austin, Texas">Saint John</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Scenic_Brook,_Austin,_Texas" title="Scenic Brook, Austin, Texas">Scenic Brook</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Shadow_Lawn_Historic_District_(Austin,_Texas)" title="Shadow Lawn Historic District (Austin, Texas)">Shadow Lawn Historic District</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Sixth_Street_(Austin,_Texas)" title="Sixth Street (Austin, Texas)">Sixth Street</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/South_Congress" title="South Congress">South Congress</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/South_Lamar,_Austin,_Texas" title="South Lamar, Austin, Texas">South Lamar</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/South_River_City,_Austin,_Texas" title="South River City, Austin, Texas">South River City</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Spyglass-Barton%27s_Bluff,_Austin,_Texas" title="Spyglass-Barton's Bluff, Austin, Texas">Spyglass-Barton's Bluff</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Swedish_Hill_Historic_District_(Austin,_Texas)" title="Swedish Hill Historic District (Austin, Texas)">Swedish Hill</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Tarrytown,_Austin,_Texas" title="Tarrytown, Austin, Texas">Tarrytown</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Travis_Heights,_Austin,_Texas" title="Travis Heights, Austin, Texas">Travis Heights</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/West_Campus,_Austin,_Texas" title="West Campus, Austin, Texas">West Campus</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Westgate,_Austin,_Texas" title="Westgate, Austin, Texas">Westgate</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/West_Line_Historic_District_(Austin,_Texas)" title="West Line Historic District (Austin, Texas)">West Line</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Willow-Spence_Streets_Historic_District" title="Willow-Spence Streets Historic District">Willow-Spence Streets</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Windsor_Hills,_Austin,_Texas" title="Windsor Hills, Austin, Texas">Windsor Hills</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Windsor_Park,_Austin,_Texas" title="Windsor Park, Austin, Texas">Windsor Park</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Wooten,_Austin,_Texas" title="Wooten, Austin, Texas">Wooten</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Zilker,_Austin,_Texas" title="Zilker, Austin, Texas">Zilker</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Parks and<br /> +recreation</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Auditorium_Shores" title="Auditorium Shores">Auditorium Shores</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Barton_Creek" title="Barton Creek">Barton Creek</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Barton_Springs" title="Barton Springs">Barton Springs</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Colorado_River_(Texas)" title="Colorado River (Texas)">Colorado River</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Deep_Eddy_Pool" title="Deep Eddy Pool">Deep Eddy Pool</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Emma_Long_Metropolitan_Park" title="Emma Long Metropolitan Park">Emma Long</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Hippie_Hollow_Park" title="Hippie Hollow Park">Hippie Hollow</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/McKinney_Falls_State_Park" title="McKinney Falls State Park">McKinney Falls</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lady_Bird_Lake" title="Lady Bird Lake">Lady Bird Lake</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lake_Austin" title="Lake Austin">Lake Austin</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lake_Travis" title="Lake Travis">Lake Travis</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lake_Walter_E._Long" title="Lake Walter E. Long">Lake Walter E. Long</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Mount_Bonnell" title="Mount Bonnell">Mount Bonnell</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Rosewood_Park_(Austin,_TX)" title="Rosewood Park (Austin, TX)" class="mw-redirect">Rosewood Park</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Big_Walnut_Creek_Nature_Preserve" title="Big Walnut Creek Nature Preserve">Walnut Creek</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Wild_Basin_Wilderness_Preserve" title="Wild Basin Wilderness Preserve">Wild Basin</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Zilker_Park" title="Zilker Park">Zilker</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Transportation</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"></div> +<table class="nowraplinks navbox-subgroup" style="border-spacing:0"> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="padding-left:0;padding-right:0;"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.75em;">Public</div> +</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Austin%E2%80%93Bergstrom_International_Airport" title="Austin–Bergstrom International Airport">Austin–Bergstrom International Airport</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Capital_Metropolitan_Transportation_Authority" title="Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority">Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Capital_MetroRail" title="Capital MetroRail">Capital MetroRail</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Capital_MetroRapid" title="Capital MetroRapid">Capital MetroRapid</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Capital_Area_Rural_Transportation_System" title="Capital Area Rural Transportation System">Capital Area Rural Transportation System</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="padding-left:0;padding-right:0;"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.75em;">Freeways</div> +</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Texas_State_Highway_Loop_1" title="Texas State Highway Loop 1">MoPac Expressway</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Interstate_35_in_Texas#Austin" title="Interstate 35 in Texas">Interstate 35</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Texas_State_Highway_130" title="Texas State Highway 130">Pickle Parkway</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Texas_State_Highway_71#Austin" title="Texas State Highway 71">SH 71</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/U.S._Route_290#Austin" title="U.S. Route 290">US 290</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/U.S._Route_183_in_Texas" title="U.S. Route 183 in Texas">US 183</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="padding-left:0;padding-right:0;"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.75em;">Streets</div> +</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Congress_Avenue_Historic_District" title="Congress Avenue Historic District">Congress Avenue</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Drag_(Austin,_Texas)" title="Drag (Austin, Texas)">Guadalupe Street</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Sixth_Street_(Austin,_Texas)" title="Sixth Street (Austin, Texas)">Sixth Street</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +</table> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group"><a href="/wiki/Keep_Austin_Weird" title="Keep Austin Weird">Weirdness</a></th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Keep_Austin_Weird" title="Keep Austin Weird">Keep Austin Weird</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Leslie_Cochran" title="Leslie Cochran">Leslie Cochran</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Occupy_Austin" title="Occupy Austin">Occupy Austin</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Spamarama" title="Spamarama">Spamarama</a></li> +<li><i><a href="/wiki/Weird_City" title="Weird City">Weird City</a></i></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +</table> +</td> +</tr> +</table> +<table class="navbox" style="border-spacing:0"> +<tr> +<td style="padding:2px"> +<table class="nowraplinks collapsible autocollapse navbox-inner" style="border-spacing:0;background:transparent;color:inherit"> +<tr> +<th scope="col" class="navbox-title" colspan="3"> +<div class="plainlinks hlist navbar mini"> +<ul> +<li class="nv-view"><a href="/wiki/Template:Greater_Austin" title="Template:Greater Austin"><span title="View this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;">v</span></a></li> +<li class="nv-talk"><a href="/wiki/Template_talk:Greater_Austin" title="Template talk:Greater Austin"><span title="Discuss this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;">t</span></a></li> +<li class="nv-edit"><a class="external text" href="//en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Greater_Austin&amp;action=edit"><span title="Edit this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;">e</span></a></li> +</ul> +</div> +<div style="font-size:110%"><a href="/wiki/Greater_Austin" title="Greater Austin">Austin–Round Rock–San Marcos</a></div> +</th> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Central city</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Austin,_Texas" title="Austin, Texas">Austin</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +<td class="navbox-image" rowspan="15" style="width:0%;padding:0px 0px 0px 2px"> +<div><a href="/wiki/File:Pacebend.jpg" class="image" title="Lake Travis"><img alt="Lake Travis" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/93/Pacebend.jpg/150px-Pacebend.jpg" width="150" height="113" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/93/Pacebend.jpg/225px-Pacebend.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/93/Pacebend.jpg/300px-Pacebend.jpg 2x" data-file-width="800" data-file-height="600" /></a></div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Satellite cities</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Cedar_Park,_Texas" title="Cedar Park, Texas">Cedar Park</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Georgetown,_Texas" title="Georgetown, Texas">Georgetown</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Pflugerville,_Texas" title="Pflugerville, Texas">Pflugerville</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Round_Rock,_Texas" title="Round Rock, Texas">Round Rock</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/San_Marcos,_Texas" title="San Marcos, Texas">San Marcos</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Other<br /> +communities</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Bastrop,_Texas" title="Bastrop, Texas">Bastrop</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Buda,_Texas" title="Buda, Texas">Buda</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Burnet,_Texas" title="Burnet, Texas">Burnet</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Elgin,_Texas" title="Elgin, Texas">Elgin</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Hudson_Bend,_Texas" title="Hudson Bend, Texas">Hudson Bend</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Hutto,_Texas" title="Hutto, Texas">Hutto</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Jollyville,_Texas" title="Jollyville, Texas">Jollyville</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Kyle,_Texas" title="Kyle, Texas">Kyle</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lago_Vista,_Texas" title="Lago Vista, Texas">Lago Vista</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Leander,_Texas" title="Leander, Texas">Leander</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lakeway,_Texas" title="Lakeway, Texas">Lakeway</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lockhart,_Texas" title="Lockhart, Texas">Lockhart</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lost_Creek,_Texas" title="Lost Creek, Texas">Lost Creek</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Luling,_Texas" title="Luling, Texas">Luling</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Manor,_Texas" title="Manor, Texas">Manor</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Marble_Falls,_Texas" title="Marble Falls, Texas">Marble Falls</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Taylor,_Texas" title="Taylor, Texas">Taylor</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Smithville,_Texas" title="Smithville, Texas">Smithville</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Wells_Branch,_Texas" title="Wells Branch, Texas">Wells Branch</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/West_Lake_Hills,_Texas" title="West Lake Hills, Texas">West Lake Hills</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Wimberley,_Texas" title="Wimberley, Texas">Wimberley</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Windemere,_Texas" title="Windemere, Texas">Windemere</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Wyldwood,_Texas" title="Wyldwood, Texas">Wyldwood</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Counties</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"></div> +<table class="nowraplinks navbox-subgroup" style="border-spacing:0"> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="padding-left:0;padding-right:0;"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.75em;">MSA/CSA</div> +</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Bastrop_County,_Texas" title="Bastrop County, Texas">Bastrop</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Burnet_County,_Texas" title="Burnet County, Texas">Burnet</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Caldwell_County,_Texas" title="Caldwell County, Texas">Caldwell</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Hays_County,_Texas" title="Hays County, Texas">Hays</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Travis_County,_Texas" title="Travis County, Texas">Travis</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Williamson_County,_Texas" title="Williamson County, Texas">Williamson</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="padding-left:0;padding-right:0;"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.75em;">Outlying</div> +</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Blanco_County,_Texas" title="Blanco County, Texas">Blanco</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Burleson_County,_Texas" title="Burleson County, Texas">Burleson</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Colorado_County,_Texas" title="Colorado County, Texas">Colorado</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Fayette_County,_Texas" title="Fayette County, Texas">Fayette</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Gillespie_County,_Texas" title="Gillespie County, Texas">Gillespie</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lee_County,_Texas" title="Lee County, Texas">Lee</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Llano_County,_Texas" title="Llano County, Texas">Llano</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Milam_County,_Texas" title="Milam County, Texas">Milam</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Washington_County,_Texas" title="Washington County, Texas">Washington</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +</table> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Parks and<br /> +preserves</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Balcones_Canyonlands_National_Wildlife_Refuge" title="Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge">Balcones Canyonlands</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Bastrop_State_Park" title="Bastrop State Park">Bastrop</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Emma_Long_Metropolitan_Park" title="Emma Long Metropolitan Park">Emma Long</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Enchanted_Rock" title="Enchanted Rock">Enchanted Rock</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Hippie_Hollow_Park" title="Hippie Hollow Park">Hippie Hollow</a></li> +<li><a href="/w/index.php?title=Indiangrass_Wildlife_Sanctuary&amp;action=edit&amp;redlink=1" class="new" title="Indiangrass Wildlife Sanctuary (page does not exist)">Indiangrass</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Longhorn_Cavern_State_Park" title="Longhorn Cavern State Park">Longhorn Cavern</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/McKinney_Falls_State_Park" title="McKinney Falls State Park">McKinney Falls</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Mount_Bonnell" title="Mount Bonnell">Mount Bonnell</a></li> +<li><a href="/w/index.php?title=Onion_Creek_Wildlife_Sanctuary&amp;action=edit&amp;redlink=1" class="new" title="Onion Creek Wildlife Sanctuary (page does not exist)">Onion Creek</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Pedernales_Falls_State_Park" title="Pedernales Falls State Park">Pedernales Falls</a></li> +<li><a href="/w/index.php?title=John_J._Stokes_San_Marcos_River_State_Park&amp;action=edit&amp;redlink=1" class="new" title="John J. Stokes San Marcos River State Park (page does not exist)">John Stokes</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Wild_Basin_Wilderness_Preserve" title="Wild Basin Wilderness Preserve">Wild Basin</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Zilker_Park" title="Zilker Park">Zilker</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Geography</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Austin_Chalk" title="Austin Chalk">Austin Chalk</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Balcones_Fault" title="Balcones Fault">Balcones Fault</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Edwards_Aquifer" title="Edwards Aquifer">Edwards Aquifer</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Edwards_Plateau" title="Edwards Plateau">Edwards Plateau</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Texas_Highland_Lakes" title="Texas Highland Lakes">Highland Lakes</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Texas_Hill_Country" title="Texas Hill Country">Hill Country</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Llano_Uplift" title="Llano Uplift">Llano Uplift</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Bodies of<br /> +water</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Barton_Creek" title="Barton Creek">Barton Creek</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Barton_Springs" title="Barton Springs">Barton Springs</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Colorado_River_(Texas)" title="Colorado River (Texas)">Colorado River</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Granger_Lake" title="Granger Lake">Granger Lake</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lady_Bird_Lake" title="Lady Bird Lake">Lady Bird Lake</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lake_Austin" title="Lake Austin">Lake Austin</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lake_Georgetown" title="Lake Georgetown">Lake Georgetown</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lake_Marble_Falls" title="Lake Marble Falls">Lake Marble Falls</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lake_Travis" title="Lake Travis">Lake Travis</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lake_Walter_E._Long" title="Lake Walter E. Long">Lake Walter E. Long</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Pedernales_River" title="Pedernales River">Pedernales River</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/San_Gabriel_River_(Texas)" title="San Gabriel River (Texas)">San Gabriel River</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/San_Marcos_River" title="San Marcos River">San Marcos River</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Transportation</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even hlist" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Capital_Area_Rural_Transportation_System" title="Capital Area Rural Transportation System">Capital Area Rural Transportation System</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +</table> +</td> +</tr> +</table> +<table class="navbox" style="border-spacing:0"> +<tr> +<td style="padding:2px"> +<table class="nowraplinks hlist collapsible collapsed navbox-inner" style="border-spacing:0;background:transparent;color:inherit"> +<tr> +<th scope="col" class="navbox-title" colspan="2"> +<div class="plainlinks hlist navbar mini"> +<ul> +<li class="nv-view"><a href="/wiki/Template:Major_information_technology_companies" title="Template:Major information technology companies"><span title="View this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;">v</span></a></li> +<li class="nv-talk"><a href="/wiki/Template_talk:Major_information_technology_companies" title="Template talk:Major information technology companies"><span title="Discuss this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;">t</span></a></li> +<li class="nv-edit"><a class="external text" href="//en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Major_information_technology_companies&amp;action=edit"><span title="Edit this template" style=";;background:none transparent;border:none;">e</span></a></li> +</ul> +</div> +<div style="font-size:110%">Major <a href="/wiki/Information_technology" title="Information technology">information technology</a> companies</div> +</th> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<td class="navbox-abovebelow" colspan="2"> +<div> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_the_largest_information_technology_companies" title="List of the largest information technology companies">Largest IT companies</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_largest_Internet_companies" title="List of largest Internet companies">Largest Internet companies</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_the_largest_software_companies" title="List of the largest software companies">Largest software companies</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Semiconductor_sales_leaders_by_year" title="Semiconductor sales leaders by year">Semiconductor sales leaders by year</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Consulting and<br /> +outsourcing</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Accenture" title="Accenture">Accenture</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Atos" title="Atos">Atos</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Booz_Allen_Hamilton" title="Booz Allen Hamilton">Booz Allen Hamilton</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/BT_Global_Services" title="BT Global Services">BT</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/CACI" title="CACI">CACI</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Capgemini" title="Capgemini">Capgemini</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/CGI_Group" title="CGI Group">CGI Group</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Cognizant" title="Cognizant">Cognizant</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Computer_Sciences_Corporation" title="Computer Sciences Corporation">CSC</a></li> +<li><strong class="selflink">Dell Services</strong></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Deloitte" title="Deloitte">Deloitte</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Digital_China" title="Digital China">Digital China</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Fujitsu" title="Fujitsu">Fujitsu</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/HCL_Technologies" title="HCL Technologies">HCL Technologies</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Hitachi_Consulting" title="Hitachi Consulting">Hitachi Consulting</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/HP_Enterprise_Services" title="HP Enterprise Services">HP</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/IBM_Global_Services" title="IBM Global Services">IBM</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Indra_Sistemas" title="Indra Sistemas">Indra</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Infosys" title="Infosys">Infosys</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/KPMG" title="KPMG">KPMG</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/NEC" title="NEC">NEC</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/NTT_DATA" title="NTT DATA">NTT DATA</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Orange_Business_Services" title="Orange Business Services">Orange Business Services</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/T-Systems" title="T-Systems">T-Systems</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Tata_Consultancy_Services" title="Tata Consultancy Services">TCS</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Unisys" title="Unisys">Unisys</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Wipro" title="Wipro">Wipro</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Imaging</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Canon_Inc." title="Canon Inc.">Canon</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Hewlett-Packard" title="Hewlett-Packard">HP</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Eastman_Kodak" title="Eastman Kodak">Kodak</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Konica_Minolta" title="Konica Minolta">Konica Minolta</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Kyocera" title="Kyocera">Kyocera</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lexmark" title="Lexmark">Lexmark</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Nikon" title="Nikon">Nikon</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Olympus_Corporation" title="Olympus Corporation">Olympus</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Ricoh" title="Ricoh">Ricoh</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Samsung_Electronics" title="Samsung Electronics">Samsung</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Seiko_Epson" title="Seiko Epson">Seiko Epson</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Sharp_Corporation" title="Sharp Corporation">Sharp</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Sony" title="Sony">Sony</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Toshiba" title="Toshiba">Toshiba</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Xerox" title="Xerox">Xerox</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Information storage</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><strong class="selflink">Dell</strong></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/EMC_Corporation" title="EMC Corporation">EMC</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Fujitsu" title="Fujitsu">Fujitsu</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Hitachi_Data_Systems" title="Hitachi Data Systems">Hitachi Data Systems</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Hewlett-Packard" title="Hewlett-Packard">HP</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/IBM" title="IBM">IBM</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Kingston_Technology" title="Kingston Technology">Kingston</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/NetApp" title="NetApp">NetApp</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Netflix" title="Netflix">Netflix</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Oracle_Corporation" title="Oracle Corporation">Oracle</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Samsung_Electronics" title="Samsung Electronics">Samsung</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/SanDisk" title="SanDisk">SanDisk</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Seagate_Technology" title="Seagate Technology">Seagate</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Sony" title="Sony">Sony</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Western_Digital" title="Western Digital">Western Digital</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Internet</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Alibaba_Group" title="Alibaba Group">Alibaba</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Amazon.com" title="Amazon.com">Amazon.com</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/AOL" title="AOL">AOL</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Baidu" title="Baidu">Baidu</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/EBay" title="EBay">eBay</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Facebook" title="Facebook">Facebook</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Flipkart" title="Flipkart">Flipkart</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Google" title="Google">Google</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Groupon" title="Groupon">Groupon</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/IAC_(company)" title="IAC (company)">IAC</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/JD.com" title="JD.com">JD.com</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Microsoft" title="Microsoft">Microsoft</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Naver_Corporation" title="Naver Corporation">Naver</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/NetEase" title="NetEase">NetEase</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Rakuten" title="Rakuten">Rakuten</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Salesforce.com" title="Salesforce.com">Salesforce.com</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Tencent" title="Tencent">Tencent</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Twitter" title="Twitter">Twitter</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Yahoo!" title="Yahoo!">Yahoo!</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Yandex" title="Yandex">Yandex</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Mainframes</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Fujitsu" title="Fujitsu">Fujitsu</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/IBM" title="IBM">IBM</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Mobile devices</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Acer_Inc." title="Acer Inc.">Acer</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Amazon.com" title="Amazon.com">Amazon.com</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Apple_Inc." title="Apple Inc.">Apple</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Asus" title="Asus">Asus</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/BlackBerry_Limited" title="BlackBerry Limited">BlackBerry</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/HTC" title="HTC">HTC</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Huawei" title="Huawei">Huawei</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Karbonn_Mobiles" title="Karbonn Mobiles">Karbonn</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lava_Mobiles" title="Lava Mobiles">Lava</a> (<a href="/wiki/Xolo_(company)" title="Xolo (company)">Xolo</a>)</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lenovo" title="Lenovo">Lenovo</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/LG_Electronics" title="LG Electronics">LG</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Micromax_Mobile" title="Micromax Mobile">Micromax</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Microsoft_Mobile" title="Microsoft Mobile">Microsoft Mobile</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Motorola_Mobility" title="Motorola Mobility">Motorola Mobility</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Panasonic" title="Panasonic">Panasonic</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Samsung_Electronics" title="Samsung Electronics">Samsung</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Sony_Mobile_Communications" title="Sony Mobile Communications">Sony</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/TCL_Corporation" title="TCL Corporation">TCL</a> (<a href="/wiki/Alcatel_Mobile_Phones" title="Alcatel Mobile Phones">Alcatel</a>)</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Xiaomi" title="Xiaomi">Xiaomi</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/YU_Televentures" title="YU Televentures">YU Televentures</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/ZTE" title="ZTE">ZTE</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Networking equipment</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Alcatel-Lucent" title="Alcatel-Lucent">Alcatel-Lucent</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Avaya" title="Avaya">Avaya</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Cisco_Systems" title="Cisco Systems">Cisco</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Ericsson" title="Ericsson">Ericsson</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Fujitsu" title="Fujitsu">Fujitsu</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Hewlett-Packard" title="Hewlett-Packard">HP</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Huawei" title="Huawei">Huawei</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Juniper_Networks" title="Juniper Networks">Juniper</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Mitsubishi_Electric" title="Mitsubishi Electric">Mitsubishi Electric</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Motorola_Solutions" title="Motorola Solutions">Motorola Solutions</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/NEC" title="NEC">NEC</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Nokia_Networks" title="Nokia Networks">Nokia Networks</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Samsung_Electronics" title="Samsung Electronics">Samsung</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Sony" title="Sony">Sony</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/ZTE" title="ZTE">ZTE</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">OEMs</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Celestica" title="Celestica">Celestica</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Compal_Electronics" title="Compal Electronics">Compal Electronics</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Flextronics" title="Flextronics">Flextronics</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Foxconn" title="Foxconn">Foxconn</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Jabil_Circuit" title="Jabil Circuit">Jabil</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Pegatron" title="Pegatron">Pegatron</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Quanta_Computer" title="Quanta Computer">Quanta</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Sanmina_Corporation" title="Sanmina Corporation">Sanmina</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/TPV_Technology" title="TPV Technology">TPV Technology</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Wistron_Corporation" title="Wistron Corporation">Wistron</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Personal computers<br /> +and servers</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Acer_Inc." title="Acer Inc.">Acer</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Apple_Inc." title="Apple Inc.">Apple</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Asus" title="Asus">Asus</a></li> +<li><strong class="selflink">Dell</strong></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Fujitsu" title="Fujitsu">Fujitsu</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Hewlett-Packard" title="Hewlett-Packard">HP</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Lenovo" title="Lenovo">Lenovo</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/LG_Electronics" title="LG Electronics">LG</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/NEC" title="NEC">NEC</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Panasonic" title="Panasonic">Panasonic</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Samsung_Electronics" title="Samsung Electronics">Samsung</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Sony" title="Sony">Sony</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Toshiba" title="Toshiba">Toshiba</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +<table class="nowraplinks navbox-subgroup" style="border-spacing:0"> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="padding-left:0;padding-right:0;background-color: #eee;"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.75em;">Servers only</div> +</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Cisco_Systems" title="Cisco Systems">Cisco</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/IBM" title="IBM">IBM</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Oracle_Corporation" title="Oracle Corporation">Oracle</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +</table> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Point of sale</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/NCR_Corporation" title="NCR Corporation">NCR</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Toshiba" title="Toshiba">Toshiba</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Semiconductors</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Advanced_Micro_Devices" title="Advanced Micro Devices">Advanced Micro Devices</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Broadcom" title="Broadcom">Broadcom</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Freescale_Semiconductor" title="Freescale Semiconductor">Freescale Semiconductor</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Fujitsu" title="Fujitsu">Fujitsu</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Infineon_Technologies" title="Infineon Technologies">Infineon Technologies</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Integrated_Microelectronics,_Inc." title="Integrated Microelectronics, Inc.">Integrated Microelectronics, Inc.</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Intel" title="Intel">Intel</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/LG_Electronics" title="LG Electronics">LG</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Marvell_Technology_Group" title="Marvell Technology Group">Marvell Technology Group</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/MediaTek" title="MediaTek">MediaTek</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Micron_Technology" title="Micron Technology">Micron Technology</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Nvidia" title="Nvidia">Nvidia</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/NXP_Semiconductors" title="NXP Semiconductors">NXP</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/ON_Semiconductor" title="ON Semiconductor">ON Semiconductor</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Panasonic" title="Panasonic">Panasonic</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Qualcomm" title="Qualcomm">Qualcomm</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Renesas_Electronics" title="Renesas Electronics">Renesas Electronics</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Samsung_Electronics" title="Samsung Electronics">Samsung</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/SK_Hynix" title="SK Hynix">SK Hynix</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Sony" title="Sony">Sony</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/STMicroelectronics" title="STMicroelectronics">STMicroelectronics</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Texas_Instruments" title="Texas Instruments">Texas Instruments</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Toshiba" title="Toshiba">Toshiba</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +<table class="nowraplinks navbox-subgroup" style="border-spacing:0"> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group" style="padding-left:0;padding-right:0;background-color: #eee;"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.75em;">Foundries</div> +</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/GlobalFoundries" title="GlobalFoundries">GlobalFoundries</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/TSMC" title="TSMC">TSMC</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/United_Microelectronics_Corporation" title="United Microelectronics Corporation">UMC</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +</table> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Software</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-even" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Adobe_Systems" title="Adobe Systems">Adobe</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Apple_Inc." title="Apple Inc.">Apple</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Autodesk" title="Autodesk">Autodesk</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/CA,_Inc." title="CA, Inc.">CA</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Google" title="Google">Google</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/HP_Software_Division" title="HP Software Division">HP</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/IBM" title="IBM">IBM</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Intuit" title="Intuit">Intuit</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Microsoft" title="Microsoft">Microsoft</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Oracle_Corporation" title="Oracle Corporation">Oracle</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/SAP_SE" title="SAP SE">SAP</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Symantec" title="Symantec">Symantec</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/VMware" title="VMware">VMware</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" class="navbox-group">Telecommunications<br /> +services</th> +<td class="navbox-list navbox-odd" style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px"> +<div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Bharti_Airtel" title="Bharti Airtel">Airtel</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Am%C3%A9rica_M%C3%B3vil" title="América Móvil">América Móvil</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/AT%26T" title="AT&amp;T">AT&amp;T</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Bell_Canada" title="Bell Canada">Bell Canada</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/BT_Group" title="BT Group">BT</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/CenturyLink" title="CenturyLink">CenturyLink</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/China_Mobile" title="China Mobile">China Mobile</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/China_Telecom" title="China Telecom">China Telecom</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/China_Unicom" title="China Unicom">China Unicom</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Comcast" title="Comcast">Comcast</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Deutsche_Telekom" title="Deutsche Telekom">Deutsche Telekom</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Hutchison_Asia_Telecommunications" title="Hutchison Asia Telecommunications">Hutchison</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/KDDI" title="KDDI">KDDI</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/KPN" title="KPN">KPN</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/KT_Corporation" title="KT Corporation">KT</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/MTS_(network_provider)" title="MTS (network provider)">MTS</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Nippon_Telegraph_and_Telephone" title="Nippon Telegraph and Telephone">NTT</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/NTT_DoCoMo" title="NTT DoCoMo">NTT DoCoMo</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Oi_(telecommunications)" title="Oi (telecommunications)">Oi</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Orange_S.A." title="Orange S.A.">Orange</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/SK_Telecom" title="SK Telecom">SK Telecom</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/SoftBank_Mobile" title="SoftBank Mobile">SoftBank Mobile</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Sprint_Corporation" title="Sprint Corporation">Sprint Corporation</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Telecom_Italia" title="Telecom Italia">Telecom Italia</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Telef%C3%B3nica" title="Telefónica">Telefónica</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Verizon_Communications" title="Verizon Communications">Verizon</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/VimpelCom_Ltd." title="VimpelCom Ltd.">VimpelCom</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Vivendi" title="Vivendi">Vivendi</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Vodafone" title="Vodafone">Vodafone</a></li> +</ul> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr style="height:2px"> +<td colspan="2"></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<td class="navbox-abovebelow" colspan="2"> +<div><small><i>Methodology: FY2012/13 applicable revenues of over: group 1-3, 6-12 - US$3 billion; group 4 - US$2 billion; group 5 - US$1 billion; group 13 - US$20 billion</i></small></div> +</td> +</tr> +</table> +</td> +</tr> +</table> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +</table> +</td> +</tr> +</table> + + +<!-- +NewPP limit report +Parsed by mw1095 +CPU time usage: 2.316 seconds +Real time usage: 2.530 seconds +Preprocessor visited node count: 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class="body"> + <ul> + <li id="coll-create_a_book"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Special:Book&amp;bookcmd=book_creator&amp;referer=Dell">Create a book</a></li> + <li id="coll-download-as-rdf2latex"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Special:Book&amp;bookcmd=render_article&amp;arttitle=Dell&amp;oldid=652007709&amp;writer=rdf2latex">Download as PDF</a></li> + <li id="t-print"><a href="/w/index.php?title=Dell&amp;printable=yes" title="Printable version of this page [p]" accesskey="p">Printable version</a></li> + </ul> + </div> + </div> + <div class="portal" role="navigation" id='p-lang' aria-labelledby='p-lang-label'> + <h3 id='p-lang-label'>Languages</h3> + + <div class="body"> + <ul> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ar"><a href="//ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D8%AF%D9%8A%D9%84" title="ديل – Arabic" lang="ar" hreflang="ar">العربية</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-az"><a href="//az.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Azerbaijani" lang="az" hreflang="az">Azərbaycanca</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-bn"><a href="//bn.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%A6%A1%E0%A7%87%E0%A6%B2" title="ডেল – Bengali" lang="bn" hreflang="bn">বাংলা</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-be"><a href="//be.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Belarusian" lang="be" hreflang="be">Беларуская</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-bg"><a href="//bg.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%94%D0%B5%D0%BB" title="Дел – Bulgarian" lang="bg" hreflang="bg">Български</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-bs"><a href="//bs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Bosnian" lang="bs" hreflang="bs">Bosanski</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ca"><a href="//ca.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Catalan" lang="ca" hreflang="ca">Català</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-cs"><a href="//cs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Czech" lang="cs" hreflang="cs">Čeština</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-da"><a href="//da.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Danish" lang="da" hreflang="da">Dansk</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-de"><a href="//de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – German" lang="de" hreflang="de">Deutsch</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-et"><a href="//et.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Estonian" lang="et" hreflang="et">Eesti</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-es"><a href="//es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Spanish" lang="es" hreflang="es">Español</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-fa"><a href="//fa.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D8%AF%D9%84_(%D8%B4%D8%B1%DA%A9%D8%AA)" title="دل (شرکت) – Persian" lang="fa" hreflang="fa">فارسی</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-fr"><a href="//fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – French" lang="fr" hreflang="fr">Français</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ko"><a href="//ko.wikipedia.org/wiki/%EB%8D%B8" title="델 – Korean" lang="ko" hreflang="ko">한국어</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-hy"><a href="//hy.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Armenian" lang="hy" hreflang="hy">Հայերեն</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-hr"><a href="//hr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Croatian" lang="hr" hreflang="hr">Hrvatski</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-id"><a href="//id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Indonesian" lang="id" hreflang="id">Bahasa Indonesia</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-it"><a href="//it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Italian" lang="it" hreflang="it">Italiano</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-he"><a href="//he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%93%D7%9C" title="דל – Hebrew" lang="he" hreflang="he">עברית</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-kn"><a href="//kn.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%B2%A1%E0%B3%86%E0%B2%B2%E0%B3%8D" title="ಡೆಲ್ – Kannada" lang="kn" hreflang="kn">ಕನ್ನಡ</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-kk"><a href="//kk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Kazakh" lang="kk" hreflang="kk">Қазақша</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-la"><a href="//la.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell_(societas_mercatoria)" title="Dell (societas mercatoria) – Latin" lang="la" hreflang="la">Latina</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-lv"><a href="//lv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Latvian" lang="lv" hreflang="lv">Latviešu</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-lb"><a href="//lb.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Luxembourgish" lang="lb" hreflang="lb">Lëtzebuergesch</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-lt"><a href="//lt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Lithuanian" lang="lt" hreflang="lt">Lietuvių</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-hu"><a href="//hu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Hungarian" lang="hu" hreflang="hu">Magyar</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ml"><a href="//ml.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%B4%A1%E0%B5%86%E0%B5%BD" title="ഡെൽ – Malayalam" lang="ml" hreflang="ml">മലയാളം</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-mr"><a href="//mr.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%A4%A1%E0%A5%87%E0%A4%B2_(%E0%A4%95%E0%A4%82%E0%A4%AA%E0%A4%A8%E0%A5%80)" title="डेल (कंपनी) – Marathi" lang="mr" hreflang="mr">मराठी</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ms"><a href="//ms.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Malay" lang="ms" hreflang="ms">Bahasa Melayu</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-nl"><a href="//nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Dutch" lang="nl" hreflang="nl">Nederlands</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ne"><a href="//ne.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%A4%A1%E0%A5%87%E0%A4%B2" title="डेल – Nepali" lang="ne" hreflang="ne">नेपाली</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ja"><a href="//ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%83%87%E3%83%AB" title="デル – Japanese" lang="ja" hreflang="ja">日本語</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-no"><a href="//no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Norwegian (bokmål)" lang="no" hreflang="no">Norsk bokmål</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-uz"><a href="//uz.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Uzbek" lang="uz" hreflang="uz">Oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-pnb"><a href="//pnb.wikipedia.org/wiki/%DA%88%D9%84" title="ڈل – Western Punjabi" lang="pnb" hreflang="pnb">پنجابی</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ps"><a href="//ps.wikipedia.org/wiki/%DA%89%DB%90%D9%84" title="ډېل – Pashto" lang="ps" hreflang="ps">پښتو</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-pl"><a href="//pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Polish" lang="pl" hreflang="pl">Polski</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-pt"><a href="//pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Portuguese" lang="pt" hreflang="pt">Português</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ro"><a href="//ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell,_Inc." title="Dell, Inc. – Romanian" lang="ro" hreflang="ro">Română</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ru"><a href="//ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Russian" lang="ru" hreflang="ru">Русский</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-sah"><a href="//sah.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Sakha" lang="sah" hreflang="sah">Саха тыла</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-sq"><a href="//sq.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Albanian" lang="sq" hreflang="sq">Shqip</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-si"><a href="//si.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%B6%A9%E0%B7%99%E0%B6%BD%E0%B7%8A" title="ඩෙල් – Sinhala" lang="si" hreflang="si">සිංහල</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-simple"><a href="//simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Simple English" lang="simple" hreflang="simple">Simple English</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-sk"><a href="//sk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Slovak" lang="sk" hreflang="sk">Slovenčina</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-sl"><a href="//sl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Slovenian" lang="sl" hreflang="sl">Slovenščina</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-so"><a href="//so.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Somali" lang="so" hreflang="so">Soomaaliga</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ckb"><a href="//ckb.wikipedia.org/wiki/%DA%A9%DB%86%D9%85%D9%BE%D8%A7%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%A7%DB%8C_%D8%AF%DB%8E%DA%B5" title="کۆمپانیای دێڵ – Sorani Kurdish" lang="ckb" hreflang="ckb">کوردی</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-sr"><a href="//sr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Del_(preduze%C4%87e)" title="Del (preduzeće) – Serbian" lang="sr" hreflang="sr">Српски / srpski</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-sh"><a href="//sh.wikipedia.org/wiki/Del_(kompanija)" title="Del (kompanija) – Serbo-Croatian" lang="sh" hreflang="sh">Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-fi"><a href="//fi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Finnish" lang="fi" hreflang="fi">Suomi</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-sv"><a href="//sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Swedish" lang="sv" hreflang="sv">Svenska</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ta"><a href="//ta.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%AE%9F%E0%AF%86%E0%AE%B2%E0%AF%8D" title="டெல் – Tamil" lang="ta" hreflang="ta">தமிழ்</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-th"><a href="//th.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%B9%80%E0%B8%94%E0%B8%A5%E0%B8%A5%E0%B9%8C" title="เดลล์ – Thai" lang="th" hreflang="th">ไทย</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-tr"><a href="//tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Turkish" lang="tr" hreflang="tr">Türkçe</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-uk"><a href="//uk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Ukrainian" lang="uk" hreflang="uk">Українська</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-ug"><a href="//ug.wikipedia.org/wiki/DELL_%D8%B4%D9%89%D8%B1%D9%83%D9%89%D8%AA%D9%89" title="DELL شىركىتى – Uyghur" lang="ug" hreflang="ug">ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-vi"><a href="//vi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dell" title="Dell – Vietnamese" lang="vi" hreflang="vi">Tiếng Việt</a></li> + <li class="interlanguage-link interwiki-zh"><a href="//zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E6%88%B4%E7%88%BE" title="戴爾 – Chinese" lang="zh" hreflang="zh">中文</a></li> + <li class="uls-p-lang-dummy"><a href="#"></a></li> + </ul> + <div class='after-portlet after-portlet-lang'><span class="wb-langlinks-edit wb-langlinks-link"><a action="edit" href="//www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q30873#sitelinks-wikipedia" text="Edit links" title="Edit interlanguage links" class="wbc-editpage">Edit links</a></span></div> </div> + </div> + </div> + </div> + <div id="footer" role="contentinfo"> + <ul id="footer-info"> + <li 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skin-vector action-view"> + <div id="mw-page-base" class="noprint"></div> + <div id="mw-head-base" class="noprint"></div> + <div id="content" class="mw-body" role="main"> + <a id="top"></a> + + <div id="siteNotice"><!-- CentralNotice --></div> + <div class="mw-indicators"> +</div> + <h1 id="firstHeading" class="firstHeading" lang="en">Gigabyte Technology</h1> + <div id="bodyContent" class="mw-body-content"> + <div id="siteSub">From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia</div> + <div id="contentSub"></div> + <div id="jump-to-nav" class="mw-jump"> + Jump to: <a href="#mw-head">navigation</a>, <a href="#p-search">search</a> + </div> + <div id="mw-content-text" lang="en" dir="ltr" class="mw-content-ltr"><table class="infobox vcard" style="width:22em"> +<caption class="fn org">Gigabyte Technology</caption> +<tr> +<td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/File:Gigabyte_logo.svg" class="image"><img alt="Gigabyte logo.svg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c4/Gigabyte_logo.svg/250px-Gigabyte_logo.svg.png" width="250" height="32" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c4/Gigabyte_logo.svg/375px-Gigabyte_logo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c4/Gigabyte_logo.svg/500px-Gigabyte_logo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="313" data-file-height="40" /></a> +<div>Upgrade Your Life</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"> +<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Types_of_business_entity" title="Types of business entity">Type</a></div> +</th> +<td class="category" style="line-height:1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Public_company" title="Public company">Public</a></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Ticker_symbol" title="Ticker symbol">Traded&#160;as</a></th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Taiwan_Stock_Exchange" title="Taiwan Stock Exchange">TWSE</a>: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.twse.com.tw/pdf/en/2376_en.pdf">2376</a></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Industry</th> +<td class="category" style="line-height:1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Personal_computer_hardware" title="Personal computer hardware" class="mw-redirect">Computer hardware</a><br /> +<a href="/wiki/Electronics" title="Electronics">Electronics</a></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Founded</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;">1986</td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Founder</th> +<td class="agent" style="line-height:1.35em;">Pei-Chen Yeh</td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Headquarters</th> +<td class="adr" style="line-height:1.35em;"><span class="locality"><a href="/wiki/Xindian_District" title="Xindian District">Xindian District</a>, <a href="/wiki/New_Taipei" title="New Taipei" class="mw-redirect">New Taipei City</a></span>, <span class="country-name"><a href="/wiki/Taiwan" title="Taiwan">Taiwan</a></span></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"> +<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Area served</div> +</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;">Worldwide</td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"> +<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Key people</div> +</th> +<td class="agent" style="line-height:1.35em;">Pei-Chen Yeh <small>(Chairman)</small><br /> +Ming-Hsiung Liu <small>(CEO)</small></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Products</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Air_Cooling" title="Air Cooling" class="mw-redirect">Air Cooling</a><br /> +<a href="/wiki/Computer_case" title="Computer case">Computer Cases</a><br /> +<a href="/wiki/Computer_peripheral" title="Computer peripheral" class="mw-redirect">Computer Peripherals</a><br /> +<a href="/wiki/Graphics_Card" title="Graphics Card" class="mw-redirect">Graphics Cards</a><br /> +<a href="/wiki/Motherboard" title="Motherboard">Motherboards</a><br /> +<a href="/wiki/Laptop" title="Laptop">Notebooks</a><br /> +<a href="/wiki/Power_supply_unit_(computer)" title="Power supply unit (computer)">Power Supplies</a><br /> +<a href="/wiki/Server_(computing)" title="Server (computing)">Server Hardware</a><br /> +<a href="/wiki/Smartphone" title="Smartphone">Smartphones</a></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Revenue</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span title="Increase"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /></span> <a href="/wiki/US$" title="US$" class="mw-redirect">US$</a> 1.7 Billion (<a href="/wiki/Fiscal_year" title="Fiscal year">2013</a>)<sup id="cite_ref-Bloomberg_Financials_1-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Bloomberg_Financials-1"><span>[</span>1<span>]</span></a></sup></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"> +<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Earnings_before_interest_and_taxes" title="Earnings before interest and taxes">Operating income</a></div> +</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span title="Increase"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /></span> <a href="/wiki/US$" title="US$" class="mw-redirect">US$</a> 60.4 Million (<a href="/wiki/Fiscal_year" title="Fiscal year">2013</a>)<sup id="cite_ref-Bloomberg_Financials_1-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Bloomberg_Financials-1"><span>[</span>1<span>]</span></a></sup></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Net_income" title="Net income">Profit</a></th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span title="Increase"><img alt="Increase" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/11px-Increase2.svg.png" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/17px-Increase2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b0/Increase2.svg/22px-Increase2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /></span> <a href="/wiki/US$" title="US$" class="mw-redirect">US$</a> 78.9 Million (<a href="/wiki/Fiscal_year" title="Fiscal year">2013</a>)<sup id="cite_ref-Bloomberg_Financials_1-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Bloomberg_Financials-1"><span>[</span>1<span>]</span></a></sup></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"> +<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Number of employees</div> +</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;">7,100 (2012)<sup id="cite_ref-Bloomberg_Snapshot_2-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Bloomberg_Snapshot-2"><span>[</span>2<span>]</span></a></sup></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Website</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span class="url"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.gigabyte.com">www<wbr />.gigabyte<wbr />.com</a></span></td> +</tr> +</table> +<p><b>Gigabyte Technology Co., Ltd.</b> (<a href="/wiki/Traditional_Chinese_characters" title="Traditional Chinese characters">Chinese</a>: <span lang="zh-Hant">技嘉科技</span>; <a href="/wiki/Pinyin" title="Pinyin">pinyin</a>: <i><span lang="zh-Latn-pinyin">Jìjiā Kējì</span></i>), is an international manufacturer and distributor of <a href="/wiki/Computer_hardware" title="Computer hardware">computer hardware</a> products.</p> +<p>Gigabyte is the second highest motherboard vendor, with shipments of 21 million motherboards worldwide (after <a href="/wiki/Asus" title="Asus">Asus</a>).<sup id="cite_ref-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-3"><span>[</span>3<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-4"><span>[</span>4<span>]</span></a></sup> Gigabyte was ranked 17th in "Taiwan's 2010 Top 20 Global Brands" by the <a href="/wiki/TAITRA" title="TAITRA" class="mw-redirect">Taiwan External Trade Development Council</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-5"><span>[</span>5<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-6" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-6"><span>[</span>6<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>The company is publicly held and traded on the <a href="/wiki/Taiwan_Stock_Exchange" title="Taiwan Stock Exchange">Taiwan Stock Exchange</a>, stock id number <a href="/wiki/Taiwan_Stock_Exchange" title="Taiwan Stock Exchange">TWSE</a>: <a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.twse.com.tw/pdf/en/2376_en.pdf">2376</a>.</p> +<p></p> +<div id="toc" class="toc"> +<div id="toctitle"> +<h2>Contents</h2> +</div> +<ul> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-1"><a href="#History"><span class="tocnumber">1</span> <span class="toctext">History</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-2"><a href="#Products"><span class="tocnumber">2</span> <span class="toctext">Products</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-3"><a href="#Motherboard_naming_convention"><span class="tocnumber">3</span> <span class="toctext">Motherboard naming convention</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-4"><a href="#Gallery"><span class="tocnumber">4</span> <span class="toctext">Gallery</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-5"><a href="#See_also"><span class="tocnumber">5</span> <span class="toctext">See also</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-6"><a href="#References"><span class="tocnumber">6</span> <span class="toctext">References</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-7"><a href="#External_links"><span class="tocnumber">7</span> <span class="toctext">External links</span></a></li> +</ul> +</div> +<p></p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="History">History</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Gigabyte_Technology&amp;action=edit&amp;section=1" title="Edit section: History">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<p>Gigabyte Technology Co. Ltd. was established in 1986 by Pei-Cheng Yeh.<sup id="cite_ref-Bloomberg_Pei-Chen_Yeh_7-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Bloomberg_Pei-Chen_Yeh-7"><span>[</span>7<span>]</span></a></sup> Gigabyte's components are used in <a href="/wiki/Alienware" title="Alienware">Alienware</a>, <a href="/wiki/Falcon_Northwest" title="Falcon Northwest">Falcon Northwest</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Origin_PC" title="Origin PC">Origin PC</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-8" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-8"><span>[</span>8<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>A key feature of the of Gigabyte dating back to 2006 were its Ultra-Durable motherboards, which were unique for their design as having "All Solid Capacitors".<sup id="cite_ref-9" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-9"><span>[</span>9<span>]</span></a></sup> On 8 August 2006 Gigabyte announced a joint venture with <a href="/wiki/Asus" title="Asus">ASUS</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-10" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10"><span>[</span>10<span>]</span></a></sup> Gigabyte developed the world's first software-controlled <a href="/wiki/Power_supply" title="Power supply">power supply</a> in July 2007.<sup id="cite_ref-11" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-11"><span>[</span>11<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>An innovative method to charge the <a href="/wiki/IPad" title="IPad">iPad</a> and <a href="/wiki/IPhone" title="IPhone">iPhone</a> on the computer was introduced by Gigabyte in April 2010.<sup id="cite_ref-12" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-12"><span>[</span>12<span>]</span></a></sup> Gigabyte launched the world’s first Z68 motherboard on 31 May 2011, with Onboard mSATA for <a href="/wiki/Intel" title="Intel">Intel</a>® SSDs and Smart Response Technology.<sup id="cite_ref-13" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-13"><span>[</span>13<span>]</span></a></sup> On 2 April 2012, Gigabyte developed the world's first motherboard with 60A ICs from <a href="/wiki/International_Rectifier" title="International Rectifier">International Rectifier</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-14" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-14"><span>[</span>14<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Products">Products</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Gigabyte_Technology&amp;action=edit&amp;section=2" title="Edit section: Products">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<p>Gigabyte designs and manufactures motherboards for both <a href="/wiki/AMD" title="AMD" class="mw-redirect">AMD</a> and <a href="/wiki/Intel" title="Intel">Intel</a> platforms, and also produces <a href="/wiki/Graphics_card" title="Graphics card" class="mw-redirect">graphics cards</a> and <a href="/wiki/Laptop" title="Laptop">notebooks</a>, with <a href="/wiki/ATI_Technologies" title="ATI Technologies">AMD</a> and <a href="/wiki/Nvidia" title="Nvidia">Nvidia</a> GPUs, including the <a href="/wiki/GeForce_800_Series#Products" title="GeForce 800 Series" class="mw-redirect">Geforce GTX 880M</a> and the <a href="/wiki/Southern_Islands_(GPU_Family)#Chipset_table" title="Southern Islands (GPU Family)" class="mw-redirect">Radeon R9 290X</a>.</p> +<p>Other products of Gigabyte also have included <a href="/wiki/Desktop_computer" title="Desktop computer">desktop computers</a>, <a href="/wiki/Tablet_computer" title="Tablet computer">tablet computers</a>, <a href="/wiki/Ultrabook" title="Ultrabook">ultrabooks</a>, <a href="/wiki/Mobile_phone" title="Mobile phone">mobile phones</a>, <a href="/wiki/Personal_digital_assistant" title="Personal digital assistant">personal digital assistants</a>, <a href="/wiki/Server_(computing)" title="Server (computing)">server motherboards</a>, <a href="/wiki/19-inch_rack" title="19-inch rack">server racks</a>, <a href="/wiki/Networking_hardware" title="Networking hardware">networking equipment</a>, <a href="/wiki/Optical_disc_drive" title="Optical disc drive">optical drives</a>, <a href="/wiki/Computer_monitor" title="Computer monitor">computer monitors</a>, <a href="/wiki/Mouse_(computing)" title="Mouse (computing)">mice</a>, <a href="/wiki/Computer_keyboard" title="Computer keyboard">keyboards</a>, <a href="/wiki/Computer_cooling" title="Computer cooling">cooling components</a>, <a href="/wiki/Computer_power_supply" title="Computer power supply" class="mw-redirect">power supplies</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Computer_case" title="Computer case">computer cases</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-15" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-15"><span>[</span>15<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-16" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-16"><span>[</span>16<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Motherboard_naming_convention">Motherboard naming convention</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Gigabyte_Technology&amp;action=edit&amp;section=3" title="Edit section: Motherboard naming convention">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<p>Gigabyte uses a special naming system for their motherboards. For example, using the GA-P35-DS3R, the first segment, GA, indicates that it is manufactured by Gigabyte. The second segment indicates the chipset, the Intel <a href="/wiki/Intel_P35" title="Intel P35">P35</a>. The third segment indicates the model and what features the motherboard has.</p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Gallery">Gallery</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Gigabyte_Technology&amp;action=edit&amp;section=4" title="Edit section: Gallery">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<table class="metadata plainlinks ambox mbox-small-left ambox-content" role="presentation"> +<tr> +<td class="mbox-image"><img alt="Wiki letter w.svg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/6/6c/Wiki_letter_w.svg/23px-Wiki_letter_w.svg.png" width="23" height="23" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/6/6c/Wiki_letter_w.svg/35px-Wiki_letter_w.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/6/6c/Wiki_letter_w.svg/46px-Wiki_letter_w.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="44" data-file-height="44" /></td> +<td class="mbox-text"><span class="mbox-text-span"><b>This section is empty.</b> <small>You can help by <a class="external text" href="//en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gigabyte_Technology&amp;action=edit&amp;section=">adding to it</a>.</small> <small><i>(November 2014)</i></small></span></td> +</tr> +</table> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="See_also">See also</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Gigabyte_Technology&amp;action=edit&amp;section=5" title="Edit section: See also">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<div class="noprint portal tright" style="border:solid #aaa 1px;margin:0.5em 0 0.5em 1em"> +<table style="background:#f9f9f9;font-size:85%;line-height:110%;max-width:175px"> +<tr style="vertical-align:middle"> +<td style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/File:Taiwan-icon.svg" class="image"><img alt="Portal icon" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/39/Taiwan-icon.svg/17px-Taiwan-icon.svg.png" width="17" height="28" class="noviewer" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/39/Taiwan-icon.svg/26px-Taiwan-icon.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/39/Taiwan-icon.svg/35px-Taiwan-icon.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="30" data-file-height="48" /></a></td> +<td style="padding:0 0.2em;vertical-align:middle;font-style:italic;font-weight:bold"><a href="/wiki/Portal:Taiwan" title="Portal:Taiwan">Taiwan portal</a></td> +</tr> +<tr style="vertical-align:middle"> +<td style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/File:Factory_1b.svg" class="image"><img alt="Portal icon" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b6/Factory_1b.svg/32px-Factory_1b.svg.png" width="32" height="26" class="noviewer" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b6/Factory_1b.svg/48px-Factory_1b.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b6/Factory_1b.svg/64px-Factory_1b.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="400" data-file-height="329" /></a></td> +<td style="padding:0 0.2em;vertical-align:middle;font-style:italic;font-weight:bold"><a href="/wiki/Portal:Companies" title="Portal:Companies">Companies portal</a></td> +</tr> +</table> +</div> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/List_of_companies_of_Taiwan" title="List of companies of Taiwan">List of companies of Taiwan</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/ASRock" title="ASRock">ASRock</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Asus" title="Asus">Asus</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Biostar" title="Biostar">Biostar</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Elitegroup_Computer_Systems" title="Elitegroup Computer Systems">Elitegroup Computer Systems</a> (ECS)</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/EVGA_Corporation" title="EVGA Corporation">EVGA Corporation</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Micro-Star_International" title="Micro-Star International">Micro-Star International</a> (MSI)</li> +</ul> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="References">References</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Gigabyte_Technology&amp;action=edit&amp;section=6" title="Edit section: References">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<div class="reflist columns references-column-count references-column-count-2" style="-moz-column-count: 2; -webkit-column-count: 2; column-count: 2; list-style-type: decimal;"> +<ol class="references"> +<li id="cite_note-Bloomberg_Financials-1"><span class="mw-cite-backlink">^ <a href="#cite_ref-Bloomberg_Financials_1-0"><sup><i><b>a</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-Bloomberg_Financials_1-1"><sup><i><b>b</b></i></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-Bloomberg_Financials_1-2"><sup><i><b>c</b></i></sup></a></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/financials/financials.asp?ticker=2376:TT">"Financial Statements For Gigabyte Technology Co Ltd (2376)"</a>. Bloomberg Business<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">29 August</span> 2014</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGigabyte+Technology&amp;rft.btitle=Financial+Statements+For+Gigabyte+Technology+Co+Ltd+%282376%29&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Finvesting.businessweek.com%2Fresearch%2Fstocks%2Ffinancials%2Ffinancials.asp%3Fticker%3D2376%3ATT&amp;rft.pub=Bloomberg+Business&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-Bloomberg_Snapshot-2"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-Bloomberg_Snapshot_2-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/snapshot/snapshot.asp?ticker=2376:TT">"Gigabyte Technology Co Ltd (2376) Snapshot"</a>. Bloomberg Business<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">5 November</span> 2012</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGigabyte+Technology&amp;rft.btitle=Gigabyte+Technology+Co+Ltd+%282376%29+Snapshot&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Finvesting.businessweek.com%2Fresearch%2Fstocks%2Fsnapshot%2Fsnapshot.asp%3Fticker%3D2376%3ATT&amp;rft.pub=Bloomberg+Business&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-3"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-3">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.techpowerup.com/195165/gigabyte-to-perform-exceptionally-well-with-motherboard-shipments-in-2013.html">"Gigabyte to Perform Exceptionally Well in 2013"</a>. TechPowerUp<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">29 November</span> 2013</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGigabyte+Technology&amp;rft.btitle=Gigabyte+to+Perform+Exceptionally+Well+in+2013&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.techpowerup.com%2F195165%2Fgigabyte-to-perform-exceptionally-well-with-motherboard-shipments-in-2013.html&amp;rft.pub=TechPowerUp&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-4"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-4">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.digitimes.com/news/a20131127PD209.html?mod=2">"Gigabyte Expected to Post 28-year High"</a>. Digitimes.com. 28 November 2013<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">29 November</span> 2013</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGigabyte+Technology&amp;rft.btitle=Gigabyte+Expected+to+Post+28-year+High&amp;rft.date=28+November+2013&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.digitimes.com%2Fnews%2Fa20131127PD209.html%3Fmod%3D2&amp;rft.pub=Digitimes.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-5"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-5">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.taiwantrade.com.tw/123/news-detail/en_US/30061">"Gigabyte Ranked Top 20 in Taiwan's Global Brands"</a>. TAITRA. 4 November 2010<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">5 November</span> 2012</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGigabyte+Technology&amp;rft.btitle=Gigabyte+Ranked+Top+20+in+Taiwan%27s+Global+Brands&amp;rft.date=4+November+2010&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.taiwantrade.com.tw%2F123%2Fnews-detail%2Fen_US%2F30061&amp;rft.pub=TAITRA&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span><sup class="noprint Inline-Template"><span style="white-space: nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Link_rot" title="Wikipedia:Link rot"><span title="&#160;since February 2015">dead link</span></a></i>]</span></sup></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-6"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-6">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.europeanbusinessreview.eu/page.asp?pid=859">"2010 Top Taiwan Global Brands Unveiled"</a>. European Business Review. 4 November 2010<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">5 November</span> 2012</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGigabyte+Technology&amp;rft.btitle=2010+Top+Taiwan+Global+Brands+Unveiled&amp;rft.date=4+November+2010&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.europeanbusinessreview.eu%2Fpage.asp%3Fpid%3D859&amp;rft.pub=European+Business+Review&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-Bloomberg_Pei-Chen_Yeh-7"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-Bloomberg_Pei-Chen_Yeh_7-0">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://investing.businessweek.com/research/stocks/people/person.asp?personId=42677303&amp;ticker=2376:TT">"Pei-Chen Yeh: Executive Profile"</a>. Bloomberg Business Week<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">31 December</span> 2011</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGigabyte+Technology&amp;rft.btitle=Pei-Chen+Yeh%3A+Executive+Profile&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Finvesting.businessweek.com%2Fresearch%2Fstocks%2Fpeople%2Fperson.asp%3FpersonId%3D42677303%26ticker%3D2376%3ATT&amp;rft.pub=Bloomberg+Business+Week&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-8"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-8">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.originpc.com/gaming/desktops/genesis/">Genesis Gaming Desktop</a>, Origin PC, 30 August 2014</span></li> +<li id="cite_note-9"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-9">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.pcstats.com/releaseview.cfm?releaseID=1459">"Gigabyte Announces Ultra-Durable "All-Solid Capacitor" Motherboard"</a>. PCSTATS. 5 June 2006<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">15 November</span> 2012</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGigabyte+Technology&amp;rft.btitle=Gigabyte+Announces+Ultra-Durable+%22All-Solid+Capacitor%22+Motherboard&amp;rft.date=5+June+2006&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.pcstats.com%2Freleaseview.cfm%3FreleaseID%3D1459&amp;rft.pub=PCSTATS&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-10"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-10">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.digitimes.com/mobos/a20060808PR203.html">"ASUS and Gigabyte Form Joint Venture"</a>. Digitimes.com. 8 August 2006<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">14 November</span> 2012</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGigabyte+Technology&amp;rft.btitle=ASUS+and+Gigabyte+Form+Joint+Venture&amp;rft.date=8+August+2006&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.digitimes.com%2Fmobos%2Fa20060808PR203.html&amp;rft.pub=Digitimes.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-11"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-11">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.anandtech.com/print/2283">"Gigabyte's New Odin GT 800W Power Supply"</a>. AnandTech. 24 July 2007<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">14 November</span> 2012</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGigabyte+Technology&amp;rft.btitle=Gigabyte%27s+New+Odin+GT+800W+Power+Supply&amp;rft.date=24+July+2007&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.anandtech.com%2Fprint%2F2283&amp;rft.pub=AnandTech&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-12"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-12">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://semiaccurate.com/2010/04/23/gigabyte-launches-charge-apple-products/">"Gigabyte Launches Charge for Apple Products"</a>. SemiAccurate. 23 April 2010<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">15 November</span> 2012</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGigabyte+Technology&amp;rft.btitle=Gigabyte+Launches+Charge+for+Apple+Products&amp;rft.date=23+April+2010&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fsemiaccurate.com%2F2010%2F04%2F23%2Fgigabyte-launches-charge-apple-products%2F&amp;rft.pub=SemiAccurate&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-13"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-13">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.digitimes.com/supply_chain_window/story.asp?datepublish=2011/05/31&amp;pages=PR&amp;seq=209">"Gigabyte Showcases Z68 Motherboards"</a>. Digitimes.com. 31 May 2011<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">14 November</span> 2012</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGigabyte+Technology&amp;rft.btitle=Gigabyte+Showcases+Z68+Motherboards&amp;rft.date=31+May+2011&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.digitimes.com%2Fsupply_chain_window%2Fstory.asp%3Fdatepublish%3D2011%2F05%2F31%26pages%3DPR%26seq%3D209&amp;rft.pub=Digitimes.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-14"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-14">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.xbitlabs.com/news/mainboards/display/20120604213512_Gigabyte_Makes_Mainboards_Even_More_Durable_Installs_60A_Power_ICs_onto_Motherboards.html">"Gigabyte Installs 60A Power ICs onto Motherboards"</a>. Xbitlabs.com. 4 June 2012<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">15 November</span> 2012</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGigabyte+Technology&amp;rft.btitle=Gigabyte+Installs+60A+Power+ICs+onto+Motherboards&amp;rft.date=4+June+2012&amp;rft.genre=book&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.xbitlabs.com%2Fnews%2Fmainboards%2Fdisplay%2F20120604213512_Gigabyte_Makes_Mainboards_Even_More_Durable_Installs_60A_Power_ICs_onto_Motherboards.html&amp;rft.pub=Xbitlabs.com&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-15"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-15">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><span class="citation news"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.maximumpc.com/article/news/gigabyte_announces_u2442n_and_u2442v_ultrabooks">"Gigabyte Announces U2442N and U2442V Ultrabooks"</a>. <i>Maximum PC</i><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">10 April</span> 2012</span>.</span><span title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&amp;rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AGigabyte+Technology&amp;rft.atitle=Gigabyte+Announces+U2442N+and+U2442V+Ultrabooks&amp;rft.genre=article&amp;rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.maximumpc.com%2Farticle%2Fnews%2Fgigabyte_announces_u2442n_and_u2442v_ultrabooks&amp;rft.jtitle=Maximum+PC&amp;rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal" class="Z3988"><span style="display:none;">&#160;</span></span></span></li> +<li id="cite_note-16"><span class="mw-cite-backlink"><b><a href="#cite_ref-16">^</a></b></span> <span class="reference-text"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.netzwelt.de/news/91269_6-cebit-2012-hardware-computermesse.html#article">Windows 7: Hybrid Computer from Gigabyte</a> (German), Netzwelt, Retrieved 15 March 2012.</span></li> +</ol> +</div> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="External_links">External links</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Gigabyte_Technology&amp;action=edit&amp;section=7" title="Edit section: External links">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<table class="mbox-small plainlinks" style="border:1px solid #aaa;background-color:#f9f9f9"> +<tr> +<td class="mbox-image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg/30px-Commons-logo.svg.png" width="30" height="40" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg/45px-Commons-logo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg/59px-Commons-logo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="1024" data-file-height="1376" /></td> +<td class="mbox-text plainlist">Wikimedia Commons has media related to <i><b><a href="//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Gigabyte_(company)" class="extiw" title="commons:Category:Gigabyte (company)">Gigabyte (company)</a></b></i>.</td> +</tr> +</table> +<ul> +<li><span class="official website"><span class="url"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.gigabyte.com">Official website</a></span></span></li> +<li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.gigabyte.com/where-to-buy/where-to-buy.aspx">Gigabyte worldwide distribution partners and retailers</a></li> +<li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://forum.giga-byte.co.uk/">Official Gigabyte forum</a></li> +</ul> + + +<!-- +NewPP limit report +Parsed by mw1209 +CPU time usage: 0.325 seconds +Real time usage: 0.611 seconds +Preprocessor visited node count: 1557/1000000 +Preprocessor generated node count: 0/1500000 +Post‐expand include size: 42250/2097152 bytes +Template argument size: 3043/2097152 bytes +Highest expansion depth: 12/40 +Expensive parser function count: 3/500 +Lua time usage: 0.102/10.000 seconds +Lua memory usage: 4.05 MB/50 MB +--> + +<!-- +Transclusion expansion time report (%,ms,calls,template) +100.00% 516.878 1 - -total + 59.04% 305.139 1 - Template:Reflist + 16.43% 84.941 1 - Template:Infobox_company + 15.12% 78.146 1 - Template:Infobox + 11.78% 60.908 14 - Template:Cite_news + 8.40% 43.424 1 - Template:Commons_category + 7.58% 39.185 1 - Template:Empty_section + 6.46% 33.416 1 - Template:Ambox + 3.25% 16.803 1 - Template:Dead_link + 3.04% 15.734 1 - Template:Portal +--> + +<!-- Saved in parser cache with key enwiki:pcache:idhash:1410972-0!*!0!!en!4!* and timestamp 20150318141221 and revision id 650084070 + --> +<noscript><img src="//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:CentralAutoLogin/start?type=1x1" alt="" title="" width="1" height="1" style="border: none; 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skin-vector action-view"> + <div id="mw-page-base" class="noprint"></div> + <div id="mw-head-base" class="noprint"></div> + <div id="content" class="mw-body" role="main"> + <a id="top"></a> + + <div id="siteNotice"><!-- CentralNotice --></div> + <div class="mw-indicators"> +</div> + <h1 id="firstHeading" class="firstHeading" lang="en">Hewlett-Packard</h1> + <div id="bodyContent" class="mw-body-content"> + <div id="siteSub">From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia</div> + <div id="contentSub"></div> + <div id="jump-to-nav" class="mw-jump"> + Jump to: <a href="#mw-head">navigation</a>, <a href="#p-search">search</a> + </div> + <div id="mw-content-text" lang="en" dir="ltr" class="mw-content-ltr"><div class="hatnote">"HP" redirects here. For the unit of power, see <a href="/wiki/Horsepower" title="Horsepower">horsepower</a>. For other uses, see <a href="/wiki/HP_(disambiguation)" title="HP (disambiguation)" class="mw-disambig">HP (disambiguation)</a>.</div> +<p><span style="font-size: small;"><span id="coordinates"><a href="/wiki/Geographic_coordinate_system" title="Geographic coordinate system">Coordinates</a>: <span class="plainlinks nourlexpansion"><a class="external text" href="//tools.wmflabs.org/geohack/geohack.php?pagename=Hewlett-Packard&amp;params=37.413579_N_-122.14508_E_region:US-CA_type:landmark"><span class="geo-nondefault"><span class="geo-dms" title="Maps, aerial photos, and other data for this location"><span class="latitude">37°24′49″N</span> <span class="longitude">122°08′42″W</span></span></span><span class="geo-multi-punct"> / </span><span class="geo-default"><span class="geo-dec" title="Maps, aerial photos, and other data for this location">37.413579°N 122.14508°W</span><span style="display:none"> / <span class="geo">37.413579; -122.14508</span></span></span></a></span></span></span></p> +<table class="infobox vcard" style="width:22em"> +<caption class="fn org">Hewlett-Packard Company</caption> +<tr> +<td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"> +<div class="center"> +<div class="floatnone"><a href="/wiki/File:HP_New_Logo_2D.svg" class="image"><img alt="HP New Logo 2D.svg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/2/29/HP_New_Logo_2D.svg/120px-HP_New_Logo_2D.svg.png" width="120" height="120" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/2/29/HP_New_Logo_2D.svg/180px-HP_New_Logo_2D.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/2/29/HP_New_Logo_2D.svg/240px-HP_New_Logo_2D.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="434" data-file-height="434" /></a></div> +</div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr> +<td colspan="2" class="logo" style="text-align:center"><a href="/wiki/File:HP_Headquarters_Palo_Alto.jpg" class="image"><img alt="HP Headquarters Palo Alto.jpg" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0a/HP_Headquarters_Palo_Alto.jpg/250px-HP_Headquarters_Palo_Alto.jpg" width="250" height="167" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0a/HP_Headquarters_Palo_Alto.jpg/375px-HP_Headquarters_Palo_Alto.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0a/HP_Headquarters_Palo_Alto.jpg/500px-HP_Headquarters_Palo_Alto.jpg 2x" data-file-width="4536" data-file-height="3024" /></a> +<div>HP headquarters in <a href="/wiki/Palo_Alto,_California" title="Palo Alto, California">Palo Alto, California</a></div> +</td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"> +<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Types_of_business_entity" title="Types of business entity">Type</a></div> +</th> +<td class="category" style="line-height:1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Public_company" title="Public company">Public</a></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Ticker_symbol" title="Ticker symbol">Traded&#160;as</a></th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/New_York_Stock_Exchange" title="New York Stock Exchange">NYSE</a>:&#160;<a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="https://www.nyse.com/quote/XNYS:HPQ">HPQ</a><br /> +<a href="/wiki/S%26P_500" title="S&amp;P 500">S&amp;P 500 Component</a></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Industry</th> +<td class="category" style="line-height:1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Computer_hardware" title="Computer hardware">Computer hardware</a><br /> +<a href="/wiki/Software" title="Software">Computer software</a><br /> +<a href="/wiki/IT_service_management" title="IT service management">IT services</a><br /> +<a href="/wiki/Information_technology_consulting" title="Information technology consulting">IT consulting</a></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Founded</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;">January 1, 1939</td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Founder</th> +<td class="agent" style="line-height:1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Bill_Hewlett" title="Bill Hewlett" class="mw-redirect">Bill Hewlett</a>, <a href="/wiki/Dave_Packard" title="Dave Packard" class="mw-redirect">Dave Packard</a></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Headquarters</th> +<td class="adr" style="line-height:1.35em;"><span class="locality"><a href="/wiki/Palo_Alto,_California" title="Palo Alto, California">Palo Alto</a>, <a href="/wiki/California" title="California">California</a></span>, <span class="country-name"><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/United_States" title="United States">United States</a></span></span></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"> +<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Area served</div> +</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;">Worldwide</td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"> +<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Key people</div> +</th> +<td class="agent" style="line-height:1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/Meg_Whitman" title="Meg Whitman">Meg Whitman</a><br /> +(<small style="font-size:85%;">Chairman, President and CEO</small>)</td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Products</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;">See <a href="/wiki/List_of_Hewlett-Packard_products" title="List of Hewlett-Packard products">list of HP products</a>.</td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Revenue</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span class="nowrap"><span title="Decrease"><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /></span> <a href="/wiki/US$" title="US$" class="mw-redirect">US$</a> 111.454&#160;billion (2014)<sup id="cite_ref-10K_1-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K-1"><span>[</span>1<span>]</span></a></sup></span></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"> +<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Earnings_before_interest_and_taxes" title="Earnings before interest and taxes">Operating income</a></div> +</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span title="Decrease"><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /></span> US$ 7.185&#160;billion (2014)<sup id="cite_ref-10K_1-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K-1"><span>[</span>1<span>]</span></a></sup></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"> +<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;"><a href="/wiki/Net_income" title="Net income">Net income</a></div> +</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span title="Decrease"><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /></span> US$ 5.013&#160;billion (2014)<sup id="cite_ref-10K_1-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K-1"><span>[</span>1<span>]</span></a></sup></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Asset" title="Asset">Total assets</a></span></th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span title="Decrease"><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /></span> US$ 103.206&#160;billion (2014)<sup id="cite_ref-10K_1-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K-1"><span>[</span>1<span>]</span></a></sup></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"><span class="nowrap"><a href="/wiki/Equity_(finance)" title="Equity (finance)">Total equity</a></span></th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span title="Decrease"><img alt="Decrease" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/11px-Decrease2.svg.png" width="11" height="11" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/17px-Decrease2.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Decrease2.svg/22px-Decrease2.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="300" data-file-height="300" /></span> US$ 26.731&#160;billion (2014)<sup id="cite_ref-10K_1-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K-1"><span>[</span>1<span>]</span></a></sup></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"> +<div style="padding:0.1em 0;line-height:1.2em;">Number of employees</div> +</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;">317,500 (2014)<sup id="cite_ref-10K_1-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10K-1"><span>[</span>1<span>]</span></a></sup></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Division_(business)" title="Division (business)">Divisions</a></th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;">Financing, Hardware, Services, Software</td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;"><a href="/wiki/Subsidiary" title="Subsidiary">Subsidiaries</a></th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><a href="/wiki/List_of_acquisitions_by_Hewlett-Packard" title="List of acquisitions by Hewlett-Packard">List of subsidiaries</a></td> +</tr> +<tr> +<th scope="row" style="text-align:left;padding-right:0.5em;">Website</th> +<td style="line-height:1.35em;"><span class="url"><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.hp.com/">HP<wbr />.com</a></span></td> +</tr> +</table> +<p><b>Hewlett-Packard Company</b> or <b>HP</b> (styled as 【<i><b>hp</b></i>】) is an American <a href="/wiki/Multinational_corporation" title="Multinational corporation">multinational</a> <a href="/wiki/Information_technology" title="Information technology">information technology</a> corporation headquartered in <a href="/wiki/Palo_Alto,_California" title="Palo Alto, California">Palo Alto</a>, <a href="/wiki/California" title="California">California</a>, <a href="/wiki/United_States" title="United States">United States</a>. It provides hardware, software and services to consumers, small- and medium-sized businesses (<a href="/wiki/Small_and_medium_enterprise" title="Small and medium enterprise" class="mw-redirect">SMBs</a>) and large enterprises, including customers in the government, health and education sectors.</p> +<p>The company was founded in a <a href="/wiki/HP_Garage" title="HP Garage">one-car garage</a> in Palo Alto by <a href="/wiki/William_Redington_Hewlett" title="William Redington Hewlett">William "Bill" Redington Hewlett</a> and <a href="/wiki/David_Packard" title="David Packard">David "Dave" Packard</a> starting with a line of electronic test equipment. HP was the world's <a href="/wiki/Market_share_of_personal_computer_vendors" title="Market share of personal computer vendors">leading PC manufacturer</a> from 2007 to Q2 2013, after which <a href="/wiki/Lenovo" title="Lenovo">Lenovo</a> remained ranked ahead of HP.<sup id="cite_ref-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-2"><span>[</span>2<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-3"><span>[</span>3<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-2014_PC_4-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-2014_PC-4"><span>[</span>4<span>]</span></a></sup> It specializes in developing and manufacturing computing, data storage, and networking hardware, designing software and delivering services. Major product lines include personal computing devices, enterprise and industry standard servers, related storage devices, networking products, software and a diverse range of printers and other imaging products. HP markets its products to households, small- to medium-sized businesses and enterprises directly as well as via online distribution, consumer-electronics and office-supply retailers, software partners and major technology vendors. HP also has services and consulting business around its products and partner products.</p> +<p>Hewlett-Packard company events have included the <a href="/wiki/Corporate_spin-off" title="Corporate spin-off">spin-off</a> of its electronic and bio-analytical measurement instruments part of its business as <a href="/wiki/Agilent_Technologies" title="Agilent Technologies">Agilent Technologies</a> in 1999, its <a href="/wiki/Merger" title="Merger" class="mw-redirect">merger</a> with <a href="/wiki/Compaq" title="Compaq">Compaq</a> in 2002, the sponsor of <a href="/wiki/Mission:_Space" title="Mission: Space">Mission: Space</a> in 2003, and the acquisition of <a href="/wiki/Electronic_Data_Systems" title="Electronic Data Systems">EDS</a> in 2008, which led to combined revenues of $118.4&#160;billion in 2008 and a <a href="/wiki/Fortune_500" title="Fortune 500">Fortune 500</a> ranking of 9 in 2009. In November 2009, HP announced the acquisition of <a href="/wiki/3Com" title="3Com">3Com</a>,<sup id="cite_ref-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-5"><span>[</span>5<span>]</span></a></sup> with the deal closing on April 12, 2010.<sup id="cite_ref-6" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-6"><span>[</span>6<span>]</span></a></sup> On April 28, 2010, HP announced the buyout of <a href="/wiki/Palm,_Inc." title="Palm, Inc.">Palm, Inc.</a> for $1.2&#160;billion.<sup id="cite_ref-7" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-7"><span>[</span>7<span>]</span></a></sup> On September 2, 2010, HP won its <a href="/wiki/Bid_price" title="Bid price">bidding war</a> for <a href="/wiki/3PAR" title="3PAR" class="mw-redirect">3PAR</a> with a $33 a share offer ($2.07&#160;billion), which <a href="/wiki/Dell" title="Dell">Dell</a> declined to match.<sup id="cite_ref-8" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-8"><span>[</span>8<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>On October 6, 2014, Hewlett-Packard announced plans to split the PC and printers business from its enterprise products and services business. The split is expected to close by October 2015 and will result in two publicly traded companies: Hewlett-Packard Enterprise and HP, Inc.<sup id="cite_ref-9" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-9"><span>[</span>9<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p></p> +<div id="toc" class="toc"> +<div id="toctitle"> +<h2>Contents</h2> +</div> +<ul> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-1"><a href="#History"><span class="tocnumber">1</span> <span class="toctext">History</span></a> +<ul> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-2"><a href="#Founding"><span class="tocnumber">1.1</span> <span class="toctext">Founding</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-3"><a href="#Early_years"><span class="tocnumber">1.2</span> <span class="toctext">Early years</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-4"><a href="#1960s"><span class="tocnumber">1.3</span> <span class="toctext">1960s</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-5"><a href="#1970s"><span class="tocnumber">1.4</span> <span class="toctext">1970s</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-6"><a href="#1980s"><span class="tocnumber">1.5</span> <span class="toctext">1980s</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-7"><a href="#1990s"><span class="tocnumber">1.6</span> <span class="toctext">1990s</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-8"><a href="#2000s"><span class="tocnumber">1.7</span> <span class="toctext">2000s</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-9"><a href="#2010s"><span class="tocnumber">1.8</span> <span class="toctext">2010s</span></a></li> +</ul> +</li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-10"><a href="#Facilities"><span class="tocnumber">2</span> <span class="toctext">Facilities</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-11"><a href="#Products_and_organizational_structure"><span class="tocnumber">3</span> <span class="toctext">Products and organizational structure</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-12"><a href="#Culture"><span class="tocnumber">4</span> <span class="toctext">Culture</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-13"><a href="#Corporate_social_responsibility"><span class="tocnumber">5</span> <span class="toctext">Corporate social responsibility</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-14"><a href="#Brand"><span class="tocnumber">6</span> <span class="toctext">Brand</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-15"><a href="#HP_DISCOVER_customer_event"><span class="tocnumber">7</span> <span class="toctext">HP DISCOVER customer event</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-16"><a href="#Controversies"><span class="tocnumber">8</span> <span class="toctext">Controversies</span></a> +<ul> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-17"><a href="#Restatement"><span class="tocnumber">8.1</span> <span class="toctext">Restatement</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-18"><a href="#Spying_scandal"><span class="tocnumber">8.2</span> <span class="toctext">Spying scandal</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-19"><a href="#Hardware"><span class="tocnumber">8.3</span> <span class="toctext">Hardware</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-20"><a href="#Lawsuit_against_Oracle"><span class="tocnumber">8.4</span> <span class="toctext">Lawsuit against Oracle</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-21"><a href="#Takeover_of_Autonomy"><span class="tocnumber">8.5</span> <span class="toctext">Takeover of Autonomy</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-22"><a href="#Bribery"><span class="tocnumber">8.6</span> <span class="toctext">Bribery</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-23"><a href="#Divestment_from_HP_regarding_involvement_in_Israeli_occupation_and_blockade_of_Palestinian_territories"><span class="tocnumber">8.7</span> <span class="toctext">Divestment from HP regarding involvement in Israeli occupation and blockade of Palestinian territories</span></a></li> +</ul> +</li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-24"><a href="#Notable_people"><span class="tocnumber">9</span> <span class="toctext">Notable people</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-25"><a href="#See_also"><span class="tocnumber">10</span> <span class="toctext">See also</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-26"><a href="#References"><span class="tocnumber">11</span> <span class="toctext">References</span></a></li> +<li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-27"><a href="#External_links"><span class="tocnumber">12</span> <span class="toctext">External links</span></a></li> +</ul> +</div> +<p></p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="History">History</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=1" title="Edit section: History">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<div class="hatnote">Further information: <a href="/wiki/List_of_Hewlett-Packard_executive_leadership" title="List of Hewlett-Packard executive leadership">List of Hewlett-Packard executive leadership</a></div> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Founding">Founding</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=2" title="Edit section: Founding">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<div class="thumb tright"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:HP_garage_front.JPG" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/HP_garage_front.JPG/220px-HP_garage_front.JPG" width="220" height="165" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/HP_garage_front.JPG/330px-HP_garage_front.JPG 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/HP_garage_front.JPG/440px-HP_garage_front.JPG 2x" data-file-width="3264" data-file-height="2448" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:HP_garage_front.JPG" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +The <a href="/wiki/HP_Garage" title="HP Garage">garage</a> in <a href="/wiki/Palo_Alto,_California" title="Palo Alto, California">Palo Alto</a> where Hewlett and Packard began their company</div> +</div> +</div> +<p><a href="/wiki/William_Reddington_Hewlett" title="William Reddington Hewlett" class="mw-redirect">Bill Hewlett</a> <sup id="cite_ref-10" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-10"><span>[</span>10<span>]</span></a></sup> and <a href="/wiki/David_Packard" title="David Packard">Dave Packard</a> graduated with degrees in <a href="/wiki/Electrical_engineering" title="Electrical engineering">electrical engineering</a> from <a href="/wiki/Stanford_University" title="Stanford University">Stanford University</a> in 1935. The company originated in a <a href="/wiki/HP_Garage" title="HP Garage">garage</a> in nearby <a href="/wiki/Palo_Alto,_California" title="Palo Alto, California">Palo Alto</a> during a fellowship they had with a past professor, <a href="/wiki/Frederick_Terman" title="Frederick Terman">Frederick Terman</a> at Stanford during the <a href="/wiki/Great_Depression" title="Great Depression">Great Depression</a>. Terman was considered a mentor to them in forming Hewlett-Packard.<sup id="cite_ref-isbn1-59184-152-6_11-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-isbn1-59184-152-6-11"><span>[</span>11<span>]</span></a></sup> In 1939, Packard and Hewlett established Hewlett-Packard (HP) in Packard's garage with an initial capital investment of US$538.<sup id="cite_ref-12" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-12"><span>[</span>12<span>]</span></a></sup> Hewlett and Packard tossed a coin to decide whether the company they founded would be called Hewlett-Packard or Packard-Hewlett.<sup id="cite_ref-13" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-13"><span>[</span>13<span>]</span></a></sup> HP incorporated on August 18, 1947, and went public on November 6, 1957.</p> +<p>Of the many projects they worked on, their very first financially successful product was a precision audio <a href="/wiki/Electronic_oscillator" title="Electronic oscillator">oscillator</a>, the Model <a href="/wiki/HP200A" title="HP200A">HP200A</a>. Their innovation was the use of a small incandescent <a href="/wiki/Light_bulb" title="Light bulb" class="mw-redirect">light bulb</a> (known as a "pilot light") as a temperature dependent <a href="/wiki/Resistor" title="Resistor">resistor</a> in a critical portion of the circuit, the negative feedback loop which stabilized the amplitude of the output sinusoidal waveform. This allowed them to sell the Model 200A for $54.40 when competitors were selling less stable oscillators for over $200. The Model 200 series of generators continued until at least 1972 as the 200AB, still tube-based but improved in design through the years.</p> +<p>One of the company's earliest customers was <a href="/wiki/The_Walt_Disney_Company" title="The Walt Disney Company">Walt Disney Productions</a> which bought eight Model 200B <a href="/wiki/Oscillators" title="Oscillators" class="mw-redirect">oscillators</a> (at $71.50 each) for use in certifying the <a href="/wiki/Fantasound" title="Fantasound">Fantasound</a> <a href="/wiki/Surround_sound" title="Surround sound">surround sound</a> systems installed in theaters for the movie <i><a href="/wiki/Fantasia_(1940_film)" title="Fantasia (1940 film)">Fantasia</a></i>.</p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Early_years">Early years</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=3" title="Edit section: Early years">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<div class="thumb tright"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:92px;"><a href="/wiki/File:HP-original-logo-1954-trademark.svg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f7/HP-original-logo-1954-trademark.svg/90px-HP-original-logo-1954-trademark.svg.png" width="90" height="137" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f7/HP-original-logo-1954-trademark.svg/135px-HP-original-logo-1954-trademark.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f7/HP-original-logo-1954-trademark.svg/180px-HP-original-logo-1954-trademark.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="80" data-file-height="122" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:HP-original-logo-1954-trademark.svg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +1954 Hewlett-Packard logo</div> +</div> +</div> +<p>They worked on counter-radar technology and artillery shell fuses during World War II, which allowed Packard (but not Hewlett) to be exempt from the draft.<sup id="cite_ref-14" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-14"><span>[</span>14<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="1960s">1960s</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=4" title="Edit section: 1960s">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>HP is recognized as the symbolic founder of <a href="/wiki/Silicon_Valley" title="Silicon Valley">Silicon Valley</a>, although it did not actively investigate semiconductor devices until a few years after the "<a href="/wiki/Traitorous_eight" title="Traitorous eight">traitorous eight</a>" had abandoned <a href="/wiki/William_Shockley" title="William Shockley">William Shockley</a> to create <a href="/wiki/Fairchild_Semiconductor" title="Fairchild Semiconductor">Fairchild Semiconductor</a> in 1957. Hewlett-Packard's HP Associates division, established around 1960, developed semiconductor devices primarily for internal use. Instruments and calculators were some of the products using these devices.</p> +<p>HP partnered in the 1960s with Sony and the <a href="/wiki/Yokogawa_Electric" title="Yokogawa Electric">Yokogawa Electric</a> companies in Japan to develop several high-quality products. The products were not a huge success, as there were high costs in building HP-looking products in Japan. HP and Yokogawa formed a joint venture (Yokogawa-Hewlett-Packard) in 1963 to market HP products in Japan.<sup id="cite_ref-15" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-15"><span>[</span>15<span>]</span></a></sup> HP bought Yokogawa Electric's share of Hewlett-Packard Japan in 1999.<sup id="cite_ref-16" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-16"><span>[</span>16<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>HP spun off a small company, Dynac, to specialize in digital equipment. The name was picked so that the HP logo "hp" could be turned upside down to be a reverse reflect image of the logo "dy" of the new company. Eventually Dynac changed to Dymec, then was folded back into HP in 1959.<sup id="cite_ref-17" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-17"><span>[</span>17<span>]</span></a></sup> HP experimented with using <a href="/wiki/Digital_Equipment_Corporation" title="Digital Equipment Corporation">Digital Equipment Corporation</a> (DEC) minicomputers with its instruments, but after deciding that it would be easier to build another small design team than deal with DEC, HP entered the computer market in 1966 with the <a href="/wiki/HP_2100" title="HP 2100">HP 2100</a> / <a href="/wiki/HP_1000" title="HP 1000" class="mw-redirect">HP 1000</a> series of minicomputers. These had a simple <a href="/wiki/Accumulator_(computing)" title="Accumulator (computing)">accumulator</a>-based design, with registers arranged somewhat similarly to the <a href="/wiki/Intel_x86" title="Intel x86" class="mw-redirect">Intel x86</a> architecture still used today. The series was produced for 20 years, in spite of several attempts to replace it, and was a forerunner of the <a href="/wiki/HP_9830" title="HP 9830" class="mw-redirect">HP 9800</a> and <a href="/wiki/HP_250" title="HP 250">HP 250</a> series of desktop and business computers.</p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="1970s">1970s</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=5" title="Edit section: 1970s">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<div class="thumb tright"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:HP-1974-logo.svg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/87/HP-1974-logo.svg/220px-HP-1974-logo.svg.png" width="220" height="55" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/87/HP-1974-logo.svg/330px-HP-1974-logo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/87/HP-1974-logo.svg/440px-HP-1974-logo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="220" data-file-height="55" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:HP-1974-logo.svg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +Hewlett-Packard logo, mid-1970s</div> +</div> +</div> +<p>The <a href="/wiki/HP_3000" title="HP 3000">HP 3000</a> was an advanced stack-based design for a business computing server, later redesigned with <a href="/wiki/RISC" title="RISC" class="mw-redirect">RISC</a> technology. The <a href="/wiki/HP_2640" title="HP 2640">HP 2640</a> series of smart and intelligent terminals introduced forms-based interfaces to <a href="/wiki/ASCII" title="ASCII">ASCII</a> terminals, and also introduced <a href="/wiki/Screen_labeled_function_keys" title="Screen labeled function keys" class="mw-redirect">screen labeled function keys</a>, now commonly used on gas pumps and bank ATMs. The <a href="/wiki/HP_2640" title="HP 2640">HP 2640</a> series included one of the first bit mapped graphics displays that when combined with the <a href="/wiki/HP_2100" title="HP 2100">HP 2100</a> 21MX F-Series microcoded Scientific Instruction Set<sup id="cite_ref-18" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-18"><span>[</span>18<span>]</span></a></sup> enabled the first commercial <a href="/wiki/WYSIWYG" title="WYSIWYG">WYSIWYG</a> <a href="/wiki/Presentation_Program" title="Presentation Program" class="mw-redirect">Presentation Program</a>, <a href="/wiki/BRUNO" title="BRUNO" class="mw-redirect">BRUNO</a> that later became the program HP-Draw on the <a href="/wiki/HP_3000" title="HP 3000">HP 3000</a>. Although scoffed at in the formative days of computing, HP would eventually surpass even IBM as the world's largest technology vendor, in terms of sales.<sup id="cite_ref-19" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-19"><span>[</span>19<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<div class="thumb tleft"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:HP0100A_1.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/HP0100A_1.jpg/220px-HP0100A_1.jpg" width="220" height="165" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/HP0100A_1.jpg/330px-HP0100A_1.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/32/HP0100A_1.jpg/440px-HP0100A_1.jpg 2x" data-file-width="2560" data-file-height="1920" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:HP0100A_1.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +"The new <a href="/wiki/Hewlett-Packard_9100A" title="Hewlett-Packard 9100A">Hewlett-Packard 9100A</a> personal computer is ready, willing, and able ... to relieve you of waiting to get on the big computer."</div> +</div> +</div> +<p>Although <a href="/wiki/Programma_101" title="Programma 101">Programma 101</a> was the first commercial "<a href="/wiki/Desktop_computer" title="Desktop computer">desktop computer</a>", HP is identified by <i><a href="/wiki/Wired_Magazine" title="Wired Magazine" class="mw-redirect">Wired</a></i> magazine as the producer of the world's first device to be called a personal computer, the <a href="/wiki/Hewlett-Packard_9100A" title="Hewlett-Packard 9100A">Hewlett-Packard 9100A</a>, introduced in 1968.<sup id="cite_ref-20" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-20"><span>[</span>20<span>]</span></a></sup> HP called it a desktop calculator, because, as Bill Hewlett said, "If we had called it a computer, it would have been rejected by our customers' computer gurus because it didn't look like an <a href="/wiki/IBM_mainframe" title="IBM mainframe">IBM</a>. We therefore decided to call it a calculator, and all such nonsense disappeared." An engineering triumph at the time, the logic circuit was produced without any <a href="/wiki/Integrated_circuits" title="Integrated circuits" class="mw-redirect">integrated circuits</a>; the assembly of the CPU having been entirely executed in discrete components. With <a href="/wiki/Cathode_ray_tube" title="Cathode ray tube">CRT</a> display, magnetic-card storage, and printer, the price was around $5,000. The machine's keyboard was a cross between that of a scientific calculator and an adding machine. There was no alphabetic keyboard.</p> +<p><a href="/wiki/Steve_Wozniak" title="Steve Wozniak">Steve Wozniak</a>, co-founder of <a href="/wiki/Apple_Inc." title="Apple Inc.">Apple</a>, originally designed the <a href="/wiki/Apple_I" title="Apple I">Apple I</a> computer while working at HP and offered it to them under their <a href="/wiki/Right_of_first_refusal" title="Right of first refusal">right of first refusal</a> to his work, but they did not take it up as the company wanted to stay in scientific, business, and industrial markets. Wozniak said that HP "turned him down 5 times." Wozniak said his loyalty to HP made him hesitant to start Apple with Steve Jobs.<sup id="cite_ref-AI_21-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-AI-21"><span>[</span>21<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>The company earned global respect for a variety of products. They introduced the world's first <i>handheld scientific electronic <a href="/wiki/Calculator" title="Calculator">calculator</a></i> in 1972 (the <a href="/wiki/HP-35" title="HP-35">HP-35</a>), the first <i>handheld programmable</i> in 1974 (the <a href="/wiki/HP-65" title="HP-65">HP-65</a>), the first <i>alphanumeric, programmable, expandable</i> in 1979 (the <a href="/wiki/HP-41" title="HP-41" class="mw-redirect">HP-41</a>C), and the first symbolic and graphing calculator, the <a href="/wiki/HP-28C" title="HP-28C" class="mw-redirect">HP-28C</a>. Like their scientific and business calculators, their <a href="/wiki/Oscilloscope" title="Oscilloscope">oscilloscopes</a>, <a href="/wiki/Logic_analyzer" title="Logic analyzer">logic analyzers</a>, and other measurement instruments have a reputation for sturdiness and usability (the latter products are now part of spin-off <a href="/wiki/Agilent_Technologies" title="Agilent Technologies">Agilent</a>'s product line). The company's design philosophy in this period was summarized as "design for the guy at the next bench".<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (August 2009)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup></p> +<p>The <a href="/wiki/HP_9800_series" title="HP 9800 series">98x5</a> series of technical desktop computers started in 1975 with the 9815, and the cheaper 80 series, again of technical computers, started in 1979 with the 85.<sup id="cite_ref-22" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-22"><span>[</span>22<span>]</span></a></sup> These machines used a version of the <a href="/wiki/BASIC_programming_language" title="BASIC programming language" class="mw-redirect">BASIC programming language</a> which was available immediately after they were switched on, and used a proprietary magnetic tape for storage. HP computers were similar in capabilities to the much later <a href="/wiki/IBM_Personal_Computer" title="IBM Personal Computer">IBM Personal Computer</a>, although the limitations of available technology forced prices to be high.<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (August 2009)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup></p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="1980s">1980s</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=6" title="Edit section: 1980s">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>In 1984, HP introduced both <a href="/wiki/Inkjet_printer" title="Inkjet printer" class="mw-redirect">inkjet</a> and <a href="/wiki/Laser_printer" title="Laser printer" class="mw-redirect">laser printers</a> for the desktop. Along with its <a href="/wiki/Image_scanner" title="Image scanner">scanner</a> product line, these have later been developed into successful <a href="/wiki/Multifunctional" title="Multifunctional" class="mw-redirect">multifunction</a> products, the most significant being single-unit printer/scanner/copier/fax machines. The print mechanisms in HP's tremendously popular <a href="/wiki/HP_LaserJet" title="HP LaserJet">LaserJet</a> line of laser printers depend almost entirely on <a href="/wiki/Canon_Inc." title="Canon Inc.">Canon</a>'s components (print engines), which in turn use technology developed by <a href="/wiki/Xerox" title="Xerox">Xerox</a>. HP develops the hardware, firmware, and software that convert data into dots for the mechanism to print.<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (February 2010)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup> HP transitioned from the <a href="/wiki/HP3000" title="HP3000" class="mw-redirect">HP3000</a> to the <a href="/wiki/HP9000" title="HP9000" class="mw-redirect">HP9000</a> series minicomputers with attached storage such as the <a href="/wiki/HP_7935" title="HP 7935">HP 7935</a> hard drive holding 404 MiB.</p> +<p>On March 3, 1986, HP registered the HP.com domain name, making it the <a href="/wiki/List_of_the_oldest_currently-registered_Internet_domain_names" title="List of the oldest currently-registered Internet domain names" class="mw-redirect">ninth Internet</a> <a href="/wiki/.com" title=".com">.com</a> domain ever to be registered.</p> +<p>In 1987, the <a href="/wiki/Palo_Alto,_California" title="Palo Alto, California">Palo Alto</a> garage where Hewlett and Packard started their business was designated as a California State historical landmark.</p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="1990s">1990s</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=7" title="Edit section: 1990s">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<div class="thumb tright"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:152px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Hewlett-Packard_logo.svg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9f/Hewlett-Packard_logo.svg/150px-Hewlett-Packard_logo.svg.png" width="150" height="95" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9f/Hewlett-Packard_logo.svg/225px-Hewlett-Packard_logo.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9f/Hewlett-Packard_logo.svg/300px-Hewlett-Packard_logo.svg.png 2x" data-file-width="44" data-file-height="28" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Hewlett-Packard_logo.svg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +Hewlett-Packard logo used from 1981 to 2009</div> +</div> +</div> +<p>In the 1990s, HP expanded their computer product line, which initially had been targeted at university, research, and business users, to reach consumers.</p> +<p>HP also grew through acquisitions, buying <a href="/wiki/Apollo_Computer" title="Apollo Computer">Apollo Computer</a> in 1989 and <a href="/wiki/Convex_Computer" title="Convex Computer">Convex Computer</a> in 1995.</p> +<p>Later in the decade, HP opened hpshopping.com as an independent subsidiary to sell online, direct to consumers; in 2005, the store was renamed "HP Home &amp; Home Office Store."</p> +<p>From 1995 to 1998, Hewlett-Packard were sponsors of the English football team <a href="/wiki/Tottenham_Hotspur_F.C." title="Tottenham Hotspur F.C.">Tottenham Hotspur</a>.</p> +<p>In 1999, all of the businesses not related to computers, storage, and imaging were spun off from HP to form <a href="/wiki/Agilent" title="Agilent" class="mw-redirect">Agilent</a> Technologies. Agilent's spin-off was the largest <a href="/wiki/Initial_public_offering" title="Initial public offering">initial public offering</a> in the history of <a href="/wiki/Silicon_Valley" title="Silicon Valley">Silicon Valley</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-23" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-23"><span>[</span>23<span>]</span></a></sup> The spin-off created an $8&#160;billion company with about 30,000 employees, manufacturing <a href="/wiki/Measuring_instrument" title="Measuring instrument">scientific instruments</a>, <a href="/wiki/Semiconductor" title="Semiconductor">semiconductors</a>, optical networking devices, and <a href="/wiki/Electronic_test_equipment" title="Electronic test equipment">electronic test equipment</a> for <a href="/wiki/Telecommunications" title="Telecommunications" class="mw-redirect">telecom</a> and wireless <a href="/wiki/Research_and_development" title="Research and development">R&amp;D</a> and production.</p> +<p>In July 1999, HP appointed <a href="/wiki/Carly_Fiorina" title="Carly Fiorina">Carly Fiorina</a> as <a href="/wiki/CEO" title="CEO" class="mw-redirect">CEO</a>, the first female CEO of a company in the <a href="/wiki/Dow_Jones_Industrial_Average" title="Dow Jones Industrial Average">Dow Jones Industrial Average</a>. Fiorina served as CEO during the technology industry downturn of the early 2000s. During her tenure, the market value of HP halved and the company incurred heavy job losses.<sup id="cite_ref-24" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-24"><span>[</span>24<span>]</span></a></sup> The HP Board of Directors asked Fiorina to step down in 2005, and she resigned on February 9, 2005.</p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="2000s">2000s</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=8" title="Edit section: 2000s">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<div class="thumb tright"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Hpwelcomesign.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a8/Hpwelcomesign.jpg/220px-Hpwelcomesign.jpg" width="220" height="160" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a8/Hpwelcomesign.jpg/330px-Hpwelcomesign.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a8/Hpwelcomesign.jpg/440px-Hpwelcomesign.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1327" data-file-height="965" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Hpwelcomesign.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +A sign marking the entrance to the HP corporate headquarters in <a href="/wiki/Palo_Alto,_California" title="Palo Alto, California">Palo Alto, California</a>, 2006</div> +</div> +</div> +<div class="thumb tleft"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Hp_Deskjet_3845.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b6/Hp_Deskjet_3845.jpg/220px-Hp_Deskjet_3845.jpg" width="220" height="165" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b6/Hp_Deskjet_3845.jpg/330px-Hp_Deskjet_3845.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b6/Hp_Deskjet_3845.jpg/440px-Hp_Deskjet_3845.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1280" data-file-height="960" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Hp_Deskjet_3845.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +Hewlett-Packard <a href="/wiki/HP_Deskjet" title="HP Deskjet">Deskjet</a> 3845 <a href="/wiki/Printer_(computing)" title="Printer (computing)">printer</a></div> +</div> +</div> +<div class="thumb tleft"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:HP_Presario_F700.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/25/HP_Presario_F700.jpg/220px-HP_Presario_F700.jpg" width="220" height="172" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/25/HP_Presario_F700.jpg/330px-HP_Presario_F700.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/25/HP_Presario_F700.jpg/440px-HP_Presario_F700.jpg 2x" data-file-width="3530" data-file-height="2763" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:HP_Presario_F700.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +<a href="/wiki/Compaq_Presario_F700" title="Compaq Presario F700">HP Presario F700</a> F767CL</div> +</div> +</div> +<div class="thumb tright"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:202px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Portable_Computing,_2004_Style.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/01/Portable_Computing%2C_2004_Style.jpg/200px-Portable_Computing%2C_2004_Style.jpg" width="200" height="267" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/01/Portable_Computing%2C_2004_Style.jpg/300px-Portable_Computing%2C_2004_Style.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/01/Portable_Computing%2C_2004_Style.jpg/400px-Portable_Computing%2C_2004_Style.jpg 2x" data-file-width="768" data-file-height="1024" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Portable_Computing,_2004_Style.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +iPAQ h4150 Pocket PC from 2003</div> +</div> +</div> +<div class="thumb tright"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:202px;"><a href="/wiki/File:IPAQ-112.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/58/IPAQ-112.jpg/200px-IPAQ-112.jpg" width="200" height="300" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/58/IPAQ-112.jpg/300px-IPAQ-112.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/58/IPAQ-112.jpg/400px-IPAQ-112.jpg 2x" data-file-width="533" data-file-height="800" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:IPAQ-112.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +iPAQ 112 Pocket PC from 2008</div> +</div> +</div> +<div class="thumb tleft"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:302px;"><a href="/wiki/File:HPQ_Stock_Price_Since_2000.png" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a0/HPQ_Stock_Price_Since_2000.png/300px-HPQ_Stock_Price_Since_2000.png" width="300" height="185" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a0/HPQ_Stock_Price_Since_2000.png/450px-HPQ_Stock_Price_Since_2000.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a0/HPQ_Stock_Price_Since_2000.png/600px-HPQ_Stock_Price_Since_2000.png 2x" data-file-width="2108" data-file-height="1300" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:HPQ_Stock_Price_Since_2000.png" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +HP stock price since 2000.</div> +</div> +</div> +<p>On September 3, 2001, HP announced that an agreement had been reached with <a href="/wiki/Compaq" title="Compaq">Compaq</a> to merge the two companies.<sup id="cite_ref-25" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-25"><span>[</span>25<span>]</span></a></sup> In May, 2002, after passing a shareholder vote, HP officially merged with Compaq. Prior to this, plans had been in place to consolidate the companies' product teams and product lines.<sup id="cite_ref-26" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-26"><span>[</span>26<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In 1998, Compaq had already taken over Digital Equipment Corporation. HP therefore still offers support for the former Digital Equipment products PDP-11, VAX and AlphaServer.</p> +<p>The merger occurred after a proxy fight with Bill Hewlett's son Walter, who objected to the merger. Compaq itself had bought <a href="/wiki/Tandem_Computers" title="Tandem Computers">Tandem Computers</a> in 1997 (which had been started by ex-HP employees), and <a href="/wiki/Digital_Equipment_Corporation" title="Digital Equipment Corporation">Digital Equipment Corporation</a> in 1998. Following this strategy, HP became a major player in <a href="/wiki/Desktop_computer" title="Desktop computer">desktops</a>, laptops, and servers for many different markets. After the merger with Compaq, the new <a href="/wiki/Ticker_symbol" title="Ticker symbol">ticker symbol</a> became "HPQ", a combination of the two previous symbols, "HWP" and "CPQ", to show the significance of the alliance and also key letters from the two companies <b>H</b>ewlett-<b>P</b>ackard and Compa<b>q</b> (the latter company being famous for its "Q" logo on all of its products.)</p> +<p>In 2004, HP released the DV 1000 Series, including the <a href="/wiki/HP_Pavilion_dv_1658" title="HP Pavilion dv 1658">HP Pavilion dv 1658</a> and 1040 two years later in May 2006, HP began its campaign, <i>The Computer is Personal Again</i>. The campaign was designed to bring back the fact that the <a href="/wiki/Personal_computer" title="Personal computer">PC</a> is a personal product. The campaign utilized viral marketing, sophisticated visuals, and its own website (www.hp.com/personal). Some of the ads featured <a href="/wiki/Pharrell" title="Pharrell" class="mw-redirect">Pharrell</a>, <a href="/wiki/Petra_Nemcova" title="Petra Nemcova" class="mw-redirect">Petra Nemcova</a>, <a href="/wiki/Mark_Burnett" title="Mark Burnett">Mark Burnett</a>, <a href="/wiki/Mark_Cuban" title="Mark Cuban">Mark Cuban</a>, <a href="/wiki/Alicia_Keys" title="Alicia Keys">Alicia Keys</a>, <a href="/wiki/Jay-Z" title="Jay-Z" class="mw-redirect">Jay-Z</a>, <a href="/wiki/Gwen_Stefani" title="Gwen Stefani">Gwen Stefani</a>, and <a href="/wiki/Shaun_White" title="Shaun White">Shaun White</a>.<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (April 2011)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup></p> +<p>On May 13, 2008, HP and <a href="/wiki/Electronic_Data_Systems" title="Electronic Data Systems">Electronic Data Systems</a> (EDS) announced<sup id="cite_ref-27" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-27"><span>[</span>27<span>]</span></a></sup> that they had signed a definitive agreement under which HP would purchase EDS. On June 30, HP announced<sup id="cite_ref-28" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-28"><span>[</span>28<span>]</span></a></sup> that the waiting period under the <a href="/wiki/Hart-Scott-Rodino_Antitrust_Improvements_Act" title="Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act" class="mw-redirect">Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act</a> of 1976 had expired. "The transaction still requires EDS stockholder approval and regulatory clearance from the European Commission and other non-U.S. jurisdictions and is subject to the satisfaction or waiver of the other closing conditions specified in the merger agreement." The agreement was finalized on August 26, 2008, and it was publicly announced that EDS would be re-branded "EDS an HP company." As of September 23, 2009, EDS is known as <a href="/wiki/HP_Enterprise_Services" title="HP Enterprise Services">HP Enterprise Services</a>.</p> +<p>On November 11, 2009, <a href="/wiki/3Com" title="3Com">3Com</a> and Hewlett-Packard announced that Hewlett-Packard would be acquiring 3Com for $2.7&#160;billion in cash.<sup id="cite_ref-29" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-29"><span>[</span>29<span>]</span></a></sup> The acquisition is one of the biggest in size among a series of takeovers and acquisitions by technology giants to push their way to become one-stop shops. Since the beginning of the financial crisis in 2007, tech giants have constantly felt the pressure to expand beyond their current market niches. <a href="/wiki/Dell" title="Dell">Dell</a> purchased <a href="/wiki/Perot_Systems" title="Perot Systems">Perot Systems</a> recently to invade into the technology consulting business area previously dominated by <a href="/wiki/IBM" title="IBM">IBM</a>. Hewlett-Packard's latest move marked its incursion into enterprise networking gear market dominated by <a href="/wiki/Cisco" title="Cisco" class="mw-redirect">Cisco</a>.</p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="2010s">2010s</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=9" title="Edit section: 2010s">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<div class="thumb tleft"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:HP_Mini_1000.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6f/HP_Mini_1000.jpg/220px-HP_Mini_1000.jpg" width="220" height="250" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6f/HP_Mini_1000.jpg/330px-HP_Mini_1000.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6f/HP_Mini_1000.jpg/440px-HP_Mini_1000.jpg 2x" data-file-width="2040" data-file-height="2320" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:HP_Mini_1000.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +A Hewlett-Packard Mini 1000 <a href="/wiki/Netbook" title="Netbook">netbook</a> computer, a type of <a href="/wiki/Laptop" title="Laptop">notebook computer</a></div> +</div> +</div> +<p>On April 28, 2010, <a href="/wiki/Palm,_Inc." title="Palm, Inc.">Palm, Inc.</a> and Hewlett-Packard announced that HP would buy Palm for $1.2&#160;billion in cash and debt.<sup id="cite_ref-30" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-30"><span>[</span>30<span>]</span></a></sup> Before this announcement, it was rumored that either <a href="/wiki/HTC" title="HTC">HTC</a>, <a href="/wiki/Dell" title="Dell">Dell</a>, <a href="/wiki/Research_in_Motion" title="Research in Motion" class="mw-redirect">RIM</a> or HP would buy Palm. Adding Palm handsets to the HP product line created some overlap with the <a href="/wiki/IPAQ" title="IPAQ">iPAQ</a> series of mobile devices but was thought to significantly improve HP's mobile presence as iPAQdevices had not been selling well. Buying Palm gave HP a library of valuable patents, as well as the mobile operating platform known as <a href="/wiki/WebOS" title="WebOS">webOS</a>. On July 1, 2010, the acquisition of Palm was final.<sup id="cite_ref-31" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-31"><span>[</span>31<span>]</span></a></sup> The purchase of <a href="/wiki/Palm,_Inc." title="Palm, Inc.">Palm, Inc.</a>'s <a href="/wiki/WebOS" title="WebOS">webOS</a> began a big gamble – to build HP's own ecosystem.<sup id="cite_ref-cliff_32-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-cliff-32"><span>[</span>32<span>]</span></a></sup> On July 1, 2011, HP launched its first tablet named <a href="/wiki/HP_TouchPad" title="HP TouchPad">HP TouchPad</a>, bringing <a href="/wiki/WebOS" title="WebOS">webOS</a> to tablet devices. On September 2, 2010, HP won its <a href="/wiki/Bid_price" title="Bid price">bidding war</a> for <a href="/wiki/3PAR" title="3PAR" class="mw-redirect">3PAR</a> with a $33 a share offer ($2.07&#160;billion) which <a href="/wiki/Dell" title="Dell">Dell</a> declined to match. After HP's acquisition of Palm, it phased out the <a href="/wiki/Compaq" title="Compaq">Compaq</a> brand.</p> +<p>On August 6, 2010, CEO <a href="/wiki/Mark_Hurd" title="Mark Hurd">Mark Hurd</a> <a href="/wiki/Mark_Hurd#Resignation" title="Mark Hurd">resigned amid controversy</a> and <a href="/wiki/CFO" title="CFO" class="mw-redirect">CFO</a> <a href="/wiki/Cathie_Lesjak" title="Cathie Lesjak" class="mw-redirect">Cathie Lesjak</a> assumed the role of interim CEO. Hurd had turned HP around and was widely regarded as one of <a href="/wiki/Silicon_Valley" title="Silicon Valley">Silicon Valley</a>'s star CEOs, but was accused of <a href="/wiki/Sexual_harassment" title="Sexual harassment">sexual harassment</a> against a colleague. Although the allegations were deemed baseless, the investigation led to questions concerning between $1000 and $20000 of his private expenses and his lack of disclosure related to the friendship.<sup id="cite_ref-wjs1_33-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wjs1-33"><span>[</span>33<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-content.time.com_34-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-content.time.com-34"><span>[</span>34<span>]</span></a></sup> Some observers have argued that Hurd was innocent, but the board asked for his resignation to avoid <a href="/wiki/Public_relations#Negative" title="Public relations">negative PR</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-BI-hurd_35-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-BI-hurd-35"><span>[</span>35<span>]</span></a></sup> Public analysis was divided between those who saw it as a commendable tough action by HP in handling expenses irregularities, and those who saw it as an ill-advised, hasty and expensive reaction, in ousting a remarkably capable leader who had turned the business around.<sup id="cite_ref-wjs1_33-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-wjs1-33"><span>[</span>33<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-content.time.com_34-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-content.time.com-34"><span>[</span>34<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-36" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-36"><span>[</span>36<span>]</span></a></sup> Shares of HP dropped by 8.4% in after-hours trading, hitting a 52-week low with $9 billion in market capitalization shaved off.<sup id="cite_ref-37" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-37"><span>[</span>37<span>]</span></a></sup> <a href="/wiki/Larry_Ellison" title="Larry Ellison">Larry Ellison</a> publicly attacked HP's board for his ousting.<sup id="cite_ref-38" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-38"><span>[</span>38<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>On September 30, 2010, <a href="/wiki/L%C3%A9o_Apotheker" title="Léo Apotheker">Léo Apotheker</a> was named as HP's new CEO and President.<sup id="cite_ref-39" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-39"><span>[</span>39<span>]</span></a></sup> Apotheker's appointment sparked a strong reaction from <a href="/wiki/Oracle_Corporation" title="Oracle Corporation">Oracle</a> chief executive <a href="/wiki/Larry_Ellison" title="Larry Ellison">Larry Ellison</a>,<sup id="cite_ref-40" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-40"><span>[</span>40<span>]</span></a></sup> who complained that Apotheker had been in charge of SAP when one of its subsidiaries was systematically stealing software from Oracle. SAP accepted that its subsidiary, which has now closed, illegally accessed Oracle intellectual property.<sup id="cite_ref-41" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-41"><span>[</span>41<span>]</span></a></sup> Following Hurd's departure, HP was seen by the market as problematic, with margins falling and having failed to redirect and establish itself in major new markets such as cloud and mobile services.<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (August 2014)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup> Apotheker's strategy was broadly to aim at disposing of hardware and moving into the more profitable <a href="/wiki/Software" title="Software">software</a> <a href="/wiki/Business_service_provider" title="Business service provider">services</a> <a href="/wiki/Business_sector" title="Business sector">sector</a>. On August 18, 2011, HP announced that it would strategically exit the <a href="/wiki/Smartphone" title="Smartphone">smartphone</a> and <a href="/wiki/Tablet_computer" title="Tablet computer">tablet computer</a> business, focusing on higher-margin "strategic priorities of Cloud, solutions and software with an emphasis on enterprise, commercial and government markets"<sup id="cite_ref-42" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-42"><span>[</span>42<span>]</span></a></sup> They also contemplated selling off their personal computer division or spinning it off into a separate company,<sup id="cite_ref-43" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-43"><span>[</span>43<span>]</span></a></sup> quitting the 'PC' business, while continuing to sell servers and other equipment to business customers, was a strategy already undertaken by <a href="/wiki/International_Business_Machines" title="International Business Machines" class="mw-redirect">IBM</a> in 2005.<sup id="cite_ref-44" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-44"><span>[</span>44<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>HP's stock continued to drop, by about a further 40% (including 25% on one day, 19 August 2011), after the company abruptly announced a number of decisions: to discontinue its <a href="/wiki/WebOS" title="WebOS">webOS</a> device business (mobile phones and tablet computers), the intent to sell its <a href="/wiki/Personal_computer" title="Personal computer">personal computer</a> division (at the time HP was the largest personal computer manufacturer in the world), and to acquire British <a href="/wiki/Big_data" title="Big data">big data</a> software firm <a href="/wiki/Autonomy_Corporation" title="Autonomy Corporation" class="mw-redirect">Autonomy</a> for a 79% <a href="/wiki/Control_premium" title="Control premium">premium</a>, seen externally as an "absurdly high" price<sup id="cite_ref-bloomberg29nov2012_45-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-bloomberg29nov2012-45"><span>[</span>45<span>]</span></a></sup> for a business with known concerns over its accounts.<sup id="cite_ref-46" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-46"><span>[</span>46<span>]</span></a></sup> Media analysts described HP's actions as a "botched strategy shift" and a "chaotic" attempt to rapidly <a href="/wiki/Turnaround_management" title="Turnaround management">reposition</a> HP and enhance earnings that ultimately cost Apotheker his job.<sup id="cite_ref-bloomberg29nov2012_45-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-bloomberg29nov2012-45"><span>[</span>45<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-telegraph19aug2011_47-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-telegraph19aug2011-47"><span>[</span>47<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-reuters3oct2011_48-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-reuters3oct2011-48"><span>[</span>48<span>]</span></a></sup> The Autonomy acquisition had been objected to even by HP's own <a href="/wiki/CFO" title="CFO" class="mw-redirect">CFO</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-telegraph25nov2012_49-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-telegraph25nov2012-49"><span>[</span>49<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-hussainmotion11aug2014_50-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-hussainmotion11aug2014-50"><span>[</span>50<span>]</span></a></sup><sup class="reference" style="white-space:nowrap;">:3–6</sup></p> +<p>On September 22, 2011, the HP Board of Directors fired Apotheker as chief executive, effective immediately, and replaced him with fellow board member and former <a href="/wiki/EBay" title="EBay">eBay</a> chief <a href="/wiki/Meg_Whitman" title="Meg Whitman">Meg Whitman</a>,<sup id="cite_ref-51" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-51"><span>[</span>51<span>]</span></a></sup> with <a href="/wiki/Raymond_J._Lane" title="Raymond J. Lane">Raymond J. Lane</a> as executive chairman. Though Apotheker served barely ten months, he received over $13 million in compensation.<sup id="cite_ref-52" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-52"><span>[</span>52<span>]</span></a></sup> HP lost more than $30 billion in market capitalization during his tenure. Weeks later, HP announced that a review had concluded their PC division was too integrated and critical to business operations, and the company reaffirmed their commitment to the Personal Systems Group.<sup id="cite_ref-53" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-53"><span>[</span>53<span>]</span></a></sup> A year later in November 2012 <a href="/wiki/Write_down" title="Write down" class="mw-redirect">wrote-down</a> almost $9 billion related to the Autonomy acquisition <i>(see below: <a href="#Takeover_of_Autonomy">Takeover of Autonomy</a>)</i>, which became the subject of intense litigation as HP accused Autonomy's previous management of fraudulently exaggerating Autonomy's financial position and called in law enforcement and regulators in both countries, and Autonomy's previous management accused HP of "textbook" <a href="/wiki/Disinformation" title="Disinformation">obfuscation</a> and <a href="/wiki/Blame_shifting" title="Blame shifting" class="mw-redirect">finger pointing</a> to protect HP's executives from criticism and conceal HP culpability, their prior knowledge of Autonomy's financial position, and gross mismanagement of Autonomy after acquisition.<sup id="cite_ref-hussainmotion11aug2014_50-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-hussainmotion11aug2014-50"><span>[</span>50<span>]</span></a></sup><sup class="reference" style="white-space:nowrap;">:6</sup></p> +<p>On March 21, 2012, HP said its printing and PC divisions would become one unit headed by Todd Bradley from the PC division. Printing chief Vyomesh Joshi is leaving the company.<sup id="cite_ref-54" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-54"><span>[</span>54<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>On May 23, 2012, HP announced plans to lay off approximately 27,000 employees, after posting a profit decline of 31% in the second quarter of 2012.<sup id="cite_ref-55" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-55"><span>[</span>55<span>]</span></a></sup> The profit decline is on account of the growing popularity of smart phones, tablets, and other mobile devices, that has slowed the sale of personal computers.<sup id="cite_ref-56" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-56"><span>[</span>56<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>On May 30, 2012, HP unveiled its first net zero energy data center. HP data center plans to use solar energy and other renewable sources instead of traditional power grids.<sup id="cite_ref-57" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-57"><span>[</span>57<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>On July 10, 2012, HP's Server Monitoring Software was discovered to have a <a href="/wiki/Zero-day_attack" title="Zero-day attack">previously unknown security vulnerability</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-58" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-58"><span>[</span>58<span>]</span></a></sup> A security warning was given to customers about two vulnerabilities, and a <a href="/wiki/Software_patch" title="Software patch" class="mw-redirect">patch</a> released.<sup id="cite_ref-59" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-59"><span>[</span>59<span>]</span></a></sup> One month later HP's official site of training center was hacked and defaced by a Pakistani hacker known to as 'Hitcher' to demonstrate a web vulnerability.<sup id="cite_ref-60" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-60"><span>[</span>60<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>On September 10, 2012, HP revised their restructuring figures; they are now cutting 29,000 jobs. HP had already cut 3,800 jobs – around 7 percent of the revised 29,000 figure – as of July 2012.<sup id="cite_ref-61" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-61"><span>[</span>61<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>On December 31, 2013, HP revised the amount of jobs cut from 29,000 to 34,000 up to October 2014. The current amount of jobs cut until the end of 2013 was 24,600.<sup id="cite_ref-62" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-62"><span>[</span>62<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-63" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-63"><span>[</span>63<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-64" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-64"><span>[</span>64<span>]</span></a></sup> At the end of 2013 the company had 317,500 employees. On May 22, 2014 HP announced it would cut a further 11,000 to 16,000 jobs, in addition to the 34,000 announced in 2013. "We are gradually shaping HP into a more nimble, lower-cost, more customer and partner-centric company that can successfully compete across a rapidly changing IT landscape," CEO Meg Whitman said at the time.<sup id="cite_ref-HPjobs_65-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-HPjobs-65"><span>[</span>65<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p><span id="THE-MACHINE"></span> In June 2014, during the HP Discover customer event in <a href="/wiki/Las_Vegas" title="Las Vegas">Las Vegas</a>, Meg Whitman and Martin Fink announced a project for a radically new computer architecture called <i>The Machine</i>. Based on <a href="/wiki/Memristor" title="Memristor">memristors</a> and <a href="/wiki/Silicon_photonics" title="Silicon photonics">silicon photonics</a>, The Machine is supposed to come in commercialization before the end of the decade, meanwhile representing 75% of the research activity in HP Labs.<sup id="cite_ref-66" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-66"><span>[</span>66<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>On October 6, 2014, Hewlett Packard announced it was planning to break into two separate companies, separating its personal-computer and printer businesses from its technology services. The split, which was first reported by <i><a href="/wiki/The_Wall_Street_Journal" title="The Wall Street Journal">The Wall Street Journal</a></i> and confirmed by other media, will result in two publicly traded companies: Hewlett-Packard Enterprise and HP, Inc. Meg Whitman will serve as chairman of HP, Inc. and CEO of Hewlett-Packard Enterprise, <a href="/wiki/Patricia_Russo" title="Patricia Russo">Patricia Russo</a> will be chairman of the enterprise business, and Dion Weisler will be CEO of HP, Inc. The split is expected to be completed by the end of fiscal year 2015, in October 2015.<sup id="cite_ref-67" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-67"><span>[</span>67<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-68" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-68"><span>[</span>68<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-69" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-69"><span>[</span>69<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>On October 29, 2014, Hewlett-Packard announced their new <a href="/wiki/Sprout_(computer)" title="Sprout (computer)">Sprout</a> personal computer.<sup id="cite_ref-70" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-70"><span>[</span>70<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Facilities">Facilities</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=10" title="Edit section: Facilities">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<div class="thumb tright"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Siege_HP_courtaboeuf.JPG" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b6/Siege_HP_courtaboeuf.JPG/220px-Siege_HP_courtaboeuf.JPG" width="220" height="147" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b6/Siege_HP_courtaboeuf.JPG/330px-Siege_HP_courtaboeuf.JPG 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/b6/Siege_HP_courtaboeuf.JPG/440px-Siege_HP_courtaboeuf.JPG 2x" data-file-width="4272" data-file-height="2848" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Siege_HP_courtaboeuf.JPG" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +The research center of Hewlett-Packard in the <a href="/wiki/Paris-Saclay" title="Paris-Saclay">Paris-Saclay</a> <a href="/wiki/Business_cluster" title="Business cluster">cluster</a>, France.</div> +</div> +</div> +<p>HP's global operations are directed from its headquarters in <a href="/wiki/Palo_Alto,_California" title="Palo Alto, California">Palo Alto, California</a>, USA. Its U.S. operations are directed from its facility in <a href="/wiki/Unincorporated_area" title="Unincorporated area">unincorporated</a> <a href="/wiki/Harris_County,_Texas" title="Harris County, Texas">Harris County</a>, Texas, near <a href="/wiki/Houston" title="Houston">Houston</a>. Its Latin America offices in unincorporated <a href="/wiki/Miami-Dade_County,_Florida" title="Miami-Dade County, Florida">Miami-Dade County</a>, Florida, U.S., near <a href="/wiki/Miami" title="Miami">Miami</a> and in <a href="/wiki/Medell%C3%ADn" title="Medellín">Medellín</a>, Colombia. Its Europe offices are in <a href="/wiki/Meyrin" title="Meyrin">Meyrin</a>, Switzerland, near <a href="/wiki/Geneva" title="Geneva">Geneva</a>, but it has also a research center in the <a href="/wiki/Paris-Saclay" title="Paris-Saclay">Paris-Saclay</a> <a href="/wiki/Business_cluster" title="Business cluster">cluster</a>, 20&#160;km in the south of Paris, France. Its Asia-Pacific offices are in <a href="/wiki/Singapore" title="Singapore">Singapore</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-71" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-71"><span>[</span>71<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-72" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-72"><span>[</span>72<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-welcome.hp.com_73-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-welcome.hp.com-73"><span>[</span>73<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-Meyrinmap_74-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Meyrinmap-74"><span>[</span>74<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-welcome.hp.com_73-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-welcome.hp.com-73"><span>[</span>73<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-75" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-75"><span>[</span>75<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-76" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-76"><span>[</span>76<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>It also has large operations in <a href="/wiki/Austin,_Texas" title="Austin, Texas">Austin, Texas</a>, <a href="/wiki/Boise,_Idaho" title="Boise, Idaho">Boise, Idaho</a>; <a href="/wiki/Roseville,_California" title="Roseville, California">Roseville, California</a>; <a href="/wiki/Fort_Collins,_Colorado" title="Fort Collins, Colorado">Fort Collins, Colorado</a>; Vancouver, Washington; San Diego; Tulsa, Oklahoma; and <a href="/wiki/Plano,_Texas" title="Plano, Texas">Plano, Texas</a> (the former headquarters of <a href="/wiki/HP_Enterprise_Services" title="HP Enterprise Services">EDS</a>, which HP acquired). In the UK, HP is based at a large site in <a href="/wiki/Bracknell,_Berkshire" title="Bracknell, Berkshire" class="mw-redirect">Bracknell, Berkshire</a> with offices in various UK locations, including a landmark office tower in London, <a href="/wiki/88_Wood_Street" title="88 Wood Street">88 Wood Street</a>. Its recent acquisition of <a href="/wiki/3Com" title="3Com">3Com</a> will expand its employee base to <a href="/wiki/Marlborough,_Massachusetts" title="Marlborough, Massachusetts">Marlborough, Massachusetts</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-77" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-77"><span>[</span>77<span>]</span></a></sup> The company also has a large workforce and numerous offices at <a href="/wiki/Bangalore" title="Bangalore">Bangalore</a>, <a href="/wiki/India" title="India">India</a>, to address their back end and IT operations. <a href="/wiki/MphasiS" title="MphasiS" class="mw-redirect">MphasiS</a>, which is headquartered at Bangalore, also enabled HP to increase their footprint in the city as it was a subsidiary of EDS which the company acquired.</p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Products_and_organizational_structure">Products and organizational structure</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=11" title="Edit section: Products and organizational structure">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<div class="thumb tright"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Hewlett-Packard-Japan-Head-office.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/20/Hewlett-Packard-Japan-Head-office.jpg/220px-Hewlett-Packard-Japan-Head-office.jpg" width="220" height="165" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/20/Hewlett-Packard-Japan-Head-office.jpg/330px-Hewlett-Packard-Japan-Head-office.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/20/Hewlett-Packard-Japan-Head-office.jpg/440px-Hewlett-Packard-Japan-Head-office.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1200" data-file-height="900" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Hewlett-Packard-Japan-Head-office.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +HP office in Japan</div> +</div> +</div> +<p>HP produces lines of printers, scanners, digital cameras, calculators, <a href="/wiki/PDA" title="PDA" class="mw-redirect">PDAs</a>, servers, workstation computers, and computers for home and small-business use; many of the computers came from the 2002 merger with <a href="/wiki/Compaq" title="Compaq">Compaq</a>. HP as of 2001<sup class="plainlinks noprint asof-tag update" style="display:none;"><a class="external text" href="//en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit">[update]</a></sup> promotes itself as supplying not just hardware and software, but also a full range of services to design, implement, and support IT infrastructure.</p> +<p>HP's Imaging and Printing Group (IPG) is "the leading imaging and printing systems provider in the world for printer hardware, printing supplies and scanning devices, providing solutions across customer segments from individual consumers to small and medium businesses to large enterprises".<sup id="cite_ref-05-00_78-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-05-00-78"><span>[</span>78<span>]</span></a></sup> Products and technology associated with IPG include:</p> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Inkjet_printer" title="Inkjet printer" class="mw-redirect">Inkjet</a> and <a href="/wiki/LaserJet" title="LaserJet" class="mw-redirect">LaserJet</a> printers</li> +<li>consumables and related products</li> +<li>Officejet <a href="/wiki/Multifunction_printer" title="Multifunction printer">all-in-one multifunction printer/scanner/faxes</a></li> +<li>Designjet and Scitex Large Format Printers</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Indigo_Digital_Press" title="Indigo Digital Press">Indigo Digital Press</a></li> +<li>HP Web Jetadmin printer management software</li> +<li>HP Output Management suite of software</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/LightScribe" title="LightScribe">LightScribe</a> optical recording technology</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/HP_Photosmart" title="HP Photosmart">HP Photosmart</a> digital cameras and photo printers</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/HP_SPaM" title="HP SPaM">HP SPaM</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Snapfish" title="Snapfish">Snapfish by HP</a>, a photo sharing and photo products service.</li> +</ul> +<p>On December 23, 2008, HP released iPrint Photo for <a href="/wiki/IPhone" title="IPhone">iPhone</a>, a free downloadable software application that allows the printing of 4" x 6" photos.<sup id="cite_ref-79" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-79"><span>[</span>79<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>HP's Personal Systems Group (PSG) claims to be "one of the leading vendors of personal computers ("PCs") in the world based on unit volume shipped and annual revenue."<sup id="cite_ref-05-00_78-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-05-00-78"><span>[</span>78<span>]</span></a></sup> PSG deals with:</p> +<ul> +<li>business PCs and accessories</li> +<li>consumer PCs and accessories, (e.g., <a href="/wiki/HP_Pavilion_(computer)" title="HP Pavilion (computer)">HP Pavilion</a>, <a href="/wiki/Compaq" title="Compaq">Compaq</a> Presario, <a href="/wiki/VoodooPC" title="VoodooPC">VoodooPC</a>)</li> +<li>handheld computing (e.g., iPAQ Pocket PC)</li> +<li>digital "connected" entertainment (e.g., HP MediaSmart TVs, HP MediaSmart Servers, HP MediaVaults, DVD+RW drives)</li> +</ul> +<p>HP resold the Apple <a href="/wiki/IPod" title="IPod">iPod</a> until November 2005.<sup id="cite_ref-05-00_78-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-05-00-78"><span>[</span>78<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p><a href="/wiki/HP_Enterprise_Business" title="HP Enterprise Business">HP Enterprise Business</a> (EB) incorporates <a href="/wiki/HP_Technology_Services" title="HP Technology Services">HP Technology Services</a>, <a href="/wiki/HP_Enterprise_Services" title="HP Enterprise Services">Enterprise Services</a> (an amalgamation of the former <a href="/wiki/Electronic_Data_Systems" title="Electronic Data Systems">EDS</a>, and what was known as HP Services), HP Enterprise Security Services oversees professional services such as network security, information security and information assurance/ compliancy, <a href="/wiki/HP_Software_Division" title="HP Software Division">HP Software Division</a>, and Enterprise Servers, Storage and Networking Group (ESSN). The Enterprise Servers, Storage and Networking Group (ESSN) oversees "back end" products like storage and servers. <a href="/wiki/HP_Networking" title="HP Networking">HP Networking</a> (former <a href="/wiki/ProCurve" title="ProCurve">ProCurve</a>) is responsible for the NW family of products. They are a business unit of ESSN.</p> +<div class="thumb tright"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:HP_PhotoSmart_SDIO_Kamera.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/04/HP_PhotoSmart_SDIO_Kamera.jpg/220px-HP_PhotoSmart_SDIO_Kamera.jpg" width="220" height="196" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/04/HP_PhotoSmart_SDIO_Kamera.jpg/330px-HP_PhotoSmart_SDIO_Kamera.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/04/HP_PhotoSmart_SDIO_Kamera.jpg/440px-HP_PhotoSmart_SDIO_Kamera.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1839" data-file-height="1641" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:HP_PhotoSmart_SDIO_Kamera.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +An HP camera with an <a href="/wiki/Secure_Digital_card#SDIO" title="Secure Digital card" class="mw-redirect">SDIO</a> interface, designed for use in conjunction with a Pocket PC</div> +</div> +</div> +<p><a href="/wiki/HP_Software_Division" title="HP Software Division">HP Software Division</a> is the company's enterprise software unit. For years,<sup class="noprint Inline-Template" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Manual_of_Style/Dates_and_numbers#Chronological_items" title="Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Dates and numbers"><span title="The time period mentioned near this tag is ambiguous. (February 2014)">when?</span></a></i>]</sup> HP has produced and marketed its brand of enterprise-management software, <a href="/wiki/HP_OpenView" title="HP OpenView">HP OpenView</a>. From September 2005 HP purchased several software companies as part of a publicized, deliberate strategy to augment its software offerings for large business customers.<sup id="cite_ref-80" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-80"><span>[</span>80<span>]</span></a></sup> HP Software sells several categories of software, including:</p> +<ul> +<li>business service management software</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Application_lifecycle_management" title="Application lifecycle management">application lifecycle management</a> software</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Mobile_apps" title="Mobile apps" class="mw-redirect">mobile apps</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Big_data" title="Big data">big data</a> and <a href="/wiki/Analytics" title="Analytics">analytics</a></li> +<li>service and portfolio management software</li> +<li>automation and <a href="/wiki/Orchestration" title="Orchestration">orchestration</a> software</li> +<li>enterprise <a href="/wiki/Security_software" title="Security software">security software</a> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/ArcSight" title="ArcSight">ArcSight</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Fortify_Software" title="Fortify Software">Fortify Software</a></li> +<li>Atalla</li> +<li><a href="/wiki/TippingPoint" title="TippingPoint">TippingPoint</a></li> +</ul> +</li> +</ul> +<p>HP Software also provides <a href="/wiki/Software_as_a_service" title="Software as a service">software as a service</a> (SaaS), <a href="/wiki/Cloud_computing" title="Cloud computing">cloud computing</a> solutions, and software services, including consulting, education, professional services, and support.</p> +<p>HP's Office of Strategy and Technology<sup id="cite_ref-81" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-81"><span>[</span>81<span>]</span></a></sup> has four main functions:</p> +<ol> +<li>steering the company's $3.6&#160;billion research and development investment</li> +<li>fostering the development of the company's global technical community</li> +<li>leading the company's strategy and corporate development efforts,<sup id="cite_ref-82" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-82"><span>[</span>82<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li>performing worldwide corporate marketing activities</li> +</ol> +<p>Under the Office of Strategy and Technology comes <a href="/wiki/HP_Labs" title="HP Labs">HP Labs</a>, the research arm of HP. Founded in 1966, HP Labs aims to deliver new technologies and to create business opportunities that go beyond HP's current strategies. Examples of recent HP Labs technology includes the <a href="/wiki/Memory_spot_chip" title="Memory spot chip" class="mw-redirect">Memory spot chip</a> of 2006. HP IdeaLab further provides a web forum on early-state innovations to encourage open feedback from consumers and the development community.<sup id="cite_ref-83" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-83"><span>[</span>83<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>HP also offers managed services by which they provide complete IT-support solutions for other companies and organizations. Some examples of these include:</p> +<ul> +<li>offering "Professional Support" and desktop "Premier Support" for <a href="/wiki/Microsoft" title="Microsoft">Microsoft</a> in the <a href="/wiki/Europe,_the_Middle_East_and_Africa" title="Europe, the Middle East and Africa">EMEA</a> marketplace. This is done from the <a href="/wiki/Leixlip" title="Leixlip">Leixlip</a> campus near <a href="/wiki/Dublin_(Ireland)" title="Dublin (Ireland)" class="mw-redirect">Dublin</a>, <a href="/wiki/Sofia" title="Sofia">Sofia</a> and <a href="/wiki/Israel" title="Israel">Israel</a>. Support is offered on the line of Microsoft operation systems, Exchange, Sharepoint and some office-applications.<sup id="cite_ref-84" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-84"><span>[</span>84<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li>outsourced services for companies like <a href="/wiki/Bank_of_Ireland" title="Bank of Ireland">Bank of Ireland</a>, some UK banks, the U.S. defense forces.</li> +</ul> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Culture">Culture</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=12" title="Edit section: Culture">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<p>The founders, known to friends and employees alike as Bill and Dave, developed a unique management style that came to be known as "The HP Way". In Bill's words, the HP Way is "a core ideology ... which includes a deep respect for the individual, a dedication to affordable quality and reliability, a commitment to community responsibility, and a view that the company exists to make technical contributions for the advancement and welfare of humanity."<sup id="cite_ref-85" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-85"><span>[</span>85<span>]</span></a></sup> The following are the tenets of The HP Way:<sup id="cite_ref-86" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-86"><span>[</span>86<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<blockquote> +<ol> +<li>We have trust and respect for individuals.</li> +<li>We focus on a high level of achievement and contribution.</li> +<li>We conduct our business with uncompromising integrity.</li> +<li>We achieve our common objectives through teamwork.</li> +<li>We encourage flexibility and innovation.</li> +</ol> +</blockquote> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Corporate_social_responsibility">Corporate social responsibility</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=13" title="Edit section: Corporate social responsibility">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<p>In July 2007, the company announced that it had met its target, set in 2004, to <a href="/wiki/Recycle" title="Recycle" class="mw-redirect">recycle</a> one billion <a href="/wiki/Pound_(mass)" title="Pound (mass)">pounds</a> of <a href="/wiki/Electronics" title="Electronics">electronics</a>, toner and <a href="/wiki/Ink_cartridge" title="Ink cartridge">ink cartridges</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-87" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-87"><span>[</span>87<span>]</span></a></sup> It has set a new goal of recycling a further two billion pounds of hardware by the end of 2010. In 2006, the company recovered 187 million pounds of electronics, 73 percent more than its closest competitor.<sup id="cite_ref-88" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-88"><span>[</span>88<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In 2008, HP released its supply chain emissions data&#160;— an industry first.<sup id="cite_ref-89" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-89"><span>[</span>89<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In September 2009, <i><a href="/wiki/Newsweek" title="Newsweek">Newsweek</a></i> ranked HP No. 1 on its 2009 Green Rankings of America's 500 largest corporations.<sup id="cite_ref-90" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-90"><span>[</span>90<span>]</span></a></sup> According to environmentalleader.com, "Hewlett-Packard earned its number one position due to its greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction programs, and was the first major IT company to report GHG emissions associated with its supply chain, according to the ranking. In addition, HP has made an effort to remove toxic substances from its products, though Greenpeace has targeted the company for not doing better."<sup id="cite_ref-91" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-91"><span>[</span>91<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>HP took the top spot on <i>Corporate Responsibility Magazine</i> '​s 100 Best Corporate Citizens List for 2010.<sup id="cite_ref-92" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-92"><span>[</span>92<span>]</span></a></sup> The list is cited by <i>PR Week</i> as one of America's most important business rankings. HP beat out other <a href="/wiki/Russell_1000_Index" title="Russell 1000 Index">Russell 1000 Index</a> companies because of its leadership in seven categories including environment, climate changes and corporate philanthropy. In 2009, HP was ranked fifth.<sup id="cite_ref-93" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-93"><span>[</span>93<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p><i>Fortune</i> magazine named HP one of the World's Most Admired Companies in 2010, placing it No. 2 in the computer industry and No. 32 overall in its list of the top 50. This year in the computer industry HP was ranked No. 1 in social responsibility, long-term investment, global competitiveness, and use of corporate assets.<sup id="cite_ref-94" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-94"><span>[</span>94<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In May 2011, HP released a Global Responsibility report covering accomplishments during 2010.<sup id="cite_ref-95" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-95"><span>[</span>95<span>]</span></a></sup> The report, the company's tenth, provides a comprehensive view of HP's global citizenship programs, performance, and goals and describes how HP uses its technology, influence, and expertise to make a positive impact on the world. The company's 2009 report won best corporate responsibility report of the year.<sup id="cite_ref-96" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-96"><span>[</span>96<span>]</span></a></sup> The 2009 reports claims HP decreased its total energy use by 9 percent compared with 2008. HP recovered a total of 118,000 tonnes of electronic products and supplies for recycling in 2009, including 61 million print cartridges.<sup id="cite_ref-97" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-97"><span>[</span>97<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In an April 2010 <i><a href="/wiki/San_Francisco_Chronicle" title="San Francisco Chronicle">San Francisco Chronicle</a></i> article, HP was one of 12 companies commended for "designing products to be safe from the start, following the principles of green chemistry." The commendations came from Environment California, an environmental advocacy group, who praised select companies in the Golden State and the Bay Area for their efforts to keep our planet clean and green.<sup id="cite_ref-98" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-98"><span>[</span>98<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In May 2010, HP was named one of the World's Most Ethical Companies by <a href="/wiki/Ethisphere_Institute" title="Ethisphere Institute">Ethisphere Institute</a>. This is the second year in a row HP has made the list. Ethisphere reviewed, researched and analyzed thousands of nominations in more than 100 countries and 35 industries to create the 2010 list. HP was one of only 100 companies to earn the distinction of top winner and was the only computer hardware vendor to be recognized. Ethisphere honors firms that promote ethical business standards and practices by going beyond legal minimums, introducing innovative ideas that benefit the public.<sup id="cite_ref-99" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-99"><span>[</span>99<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>HP is listed in <a href="/wiki/Greenpeace" title="Greenpeace">Greenpeace</a>'s Guide to Greener Electronics that ranks electronics manufacturers according to their policies on sustainability, energy and climate and green products. In November 2011, HP secured the 1st place (out of 15) in this ranking (climbing up 3 places) with an increased score of 5.9 (up from 5.5). It scored most points on the new Sustainable Operations criteria, having the best program for measuring and reducing emissions of greenhouse gases from its suppliers and scoring maximum points for its thorough paper procurement policy.<sup id="cite_ref-Guide_to_Greener_Electronics_100-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Guide_to_Greener_Electronics-100"><span>[</span>100<span>]</span></a></sup> In the November 2012 report, HP was ranked second, with a score of 5.7.<sup id="cite_ref-101" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-101"><span>[</span>101<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>HP does especially well for its disclosure of externally verified greenhouse gas emissions and its setting of targets for reducing them.<sup id="cite_ref-102" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-102"><span>[</span>102<span>]</span></a></sup> However, Greenpeace reports that HP risks a penalty point in future editions due to the fact that it is a member of trade associations that have commented against energy efficiency standards.<sup id="cite_ref-Guide_to_Greener_Electronics_100-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Guide_to_Greener_Electronics-100"><span>[</span>100<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>HP has earned recognition of its work in the area of data privacy and security.<sup id="cite_ref-103" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-103"><span>[</span>103<span>]</span></a></sup> In 2010 the company ranked No. 4 in the Ponemon Institute's annual study of the most trusted companies for privacy.<sup id="cite_ref-104" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-104"><span>[</span>104<span>]</span></a></sup> Since 2006, HP has worked directly with the U.S. Congress, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), and the Department of Commerce to establish a new strategy for federal legislation.<sup id="cite_ref-105" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-105"><span>[</span>105<span>]</span></a></sup> HP played a key role in work toward the December 2010 FTC report "Protecting Consumer Privacy in an Era of Rapid Change."<sup id="cite_ref-106" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-106"><span>[</span>106<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>After winning nine straight annual "Most Respected Company in China" awards from the Economic Observer and Peking University, HP China has added the "10 Year Contribution" award to its list of accolades. The award aims to identify companies doing business in China with outstanding and sustained performance in business operations, development and <a href="/wiki/Corporate_social_responsibility" title="Corporate social responsibility">corporate social responsibility</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-107" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-107"><span>[</span>107<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>In its 2012 rankings of consumer electronics companies on progress relating to <a href="/wiki/Conflict_minerals" title="Conflict minerals" class="mw-redirect">conflict minerals</a>, the <a href="/wiki/Enough_Project" title="Enough Project">Enough Project</a> rated HP second out of 24 companies, calling it a "Pioneer of progress".<sup id="cite_ref-EnoughProject2012_108-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-EnoughProject2012-108"><span>[</span>108<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Brand">Brand</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=14" title="Edit section: Brand">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<div class="thumb tleft"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:Porsche-Carrera-Cup_Alzen2006.jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/57/Porsche-Carrera-Cup_Alzen2006.jpg/220px-Porsche-Carrera-Cup_Alzen2006.jpg" width="220" height="149" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/57/Porsche-Carrera-Cup_Alzen2006.jpg/330px-Porsche-Carrera-Cup_Alzen2006.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/57/Porsche-Carrera-Cup_Alzen2006.jpg/440px-Porsche-Carrera-Cup_Alzen2006.jpg 2x" data-file-width="1028" data-file-height="697" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:Porsche-Carrera-Cup_Alzen2006.jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +A Hewlett-Packard sponsored <a href="/wiki/Porsche_911_GT3" title="Porsche 911 GT3">Porsche 997 GT3 Cup</a></div> +</div> +</div> +<div class="thumb tright"> +<div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><a href="/wiki/File:HP_Pavilion_(angle).jpg" class="image"><img alt="" src="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/12/HP_Pavilion_%28angle%29.jpg/220px-HP_Pavilion_%28angle%29.jpg" width="220" height="81" class="thumbimage" srcset="//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/12/HP_Pavilion_%28angle%29.jpg/330px-HP_Pavilion_%28angle%29.jpg 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/12/HP_Pavilion_%28angle%29.jpg/440px-HP_Pavilion_%28angle%29.jpg 2x" data-file-width="7500" data-file-height="2768" /></a> +<div class="thumbcaption"> +<div class="magnify"><a href="/wiki/File:HP_Pavilion_(angle).jpg" class="internal" title="Enlarge"></a></div> +The company sponsored the <a href="/wiki/HP_Pavilion_at_San_Jose" title="HP Pavilion at San Jose" class="mw-redirect">HP Pavilion at San Jose</a> (now SAP Center at San Jose), home to the <a href="/wiki/National_Hockey_League" title="National Hockey League">NHL's</a> <a href="/wiki/San_Jose_Sharks" title="San Jose Sharks">San Jose Sharks</a>.</div> +</div> +</div> +<p>According to a BusinessWeek Study, HP was the world's 11th most valuable brand as of 2009.<sup id="cite_ref-109" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-109"><span>[</span>109<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>HP has many sponsorships. One well known sponsorship is of <a href="/wiki/Walt_Disney_World" title="Walt Disney World">Walt Disney World</a>'s <a href="/wiki/Epcot" title="Epcot">Epcot</a> Park's <a href="/wiki/Mission:_SPACE" title="Mission: SPACE" class="mw-redirect">Mission: SPACE</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-110" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-110"><span>[</span>110<span>]</span></a></sup> From 1995 to 1999, and again from 2013, HP has been the shirt sponsor of <sup id="cite_ref-111" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-111"><span>[</span>111<span>]</span></a></sup> <a href="/wiki/Premier_League" title="Premier League">Premier League</a> club <a href="/wiki/Tottenham_Hotspur_F.C." title="Tottenham Hotspur F.C.">Tottenham Hotspur F.C.</a><sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (April 2011)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup> From 1997 to 1999 they were sponsors of <a href="/wiki/Australian_Football_League" title="Australian Football League">Australian Football League</a> club <a href="/wiki/North_Melbourne_Football_Club" title="North Melbourne Football Club">North Melbourne Football Club</a>.<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (April 2011)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup> They also sponsored the <a href="/wiki/BMW_Williams" title="BMW Williams" class="mw-redirect">BMW Williams</a> Formula 1 team until 2005 (a sponsorship formerly held by Compaq), and as of 2010 sponsor <a href="/wiki/Renault_F1" title="Renault F1" class="mw-redirect">Renault F1</a>.<sup class="noprint Inline-Template Template-Fact" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<i><a href="/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed" title="Wikipedia:Citation needed"><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (April 2011)">citation needed</span></a></i>]</sup> Hewlett-Packard also had the naming rights arrangement for the <a href="/wiki/HP_Pavilion_at_San_Jose" title="HP Pavilion at San Jose" class="mw-redirect">HP Pavilion at San Jose</a>, home of the <a href="/wiki/San_Jose_Sharks" title="San Jose Sharks">San Jose Sharks</a> <a href="/wiki/National_Hockey_League" title="National Hockey League">NHL</a> hockey team until 2013, in which the arena's naming rights were acquired by <a href="/wiki/SAP_AG" title="SAP AG" class="mw-redirect">SAP AG</a>, renaming the arena to the <a href="/wiki/SAP_Center_at_San_Jose" title="SAP Center at San Jose">SAP Center at San Jose</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-112" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-112"><span>[</span>112<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>After the acquisition of <a href="/wiki/Compaq" title="Compaq">Compaq</a> in 2002, HP has maintained the "Compaq Presario" brand on low-end home desktops and laptops, the "HP Compaq" brand on business desktops and laptops, and the "<a href="/wiki/ProLiant" title="ProLiant">HP ProLiant</a>" brand on Intel-architecture servers. (The "HP Pavilion" brand is used on home entertainment laptops and all home desktops.)<sup id="cite_ref-113" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-113"><span>[</span>113<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>Tandem's "NonStop" servers are now branded as "HP Integrity NonStop".<sup id="cite_ref-114" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-114"><span>[</span>114<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="HP_DISCOVER_customer_event">HP DISCOVER customer event</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=15" title="Edit section: HP DISCOVER customer event">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<p>In 2011, <a href="/wiki/HP_Enterprise_Business" title="HP Enterprise Business">HP Enterprise Business</a>, along with participating independent user groups, combined its annual HP Software Universe, HP Technology Forum and HP Technology@Work into a single event, HP DISCOVER.<sup id="cite_ref-115" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-115"><span>[</span>115<span>]</span></a></sup> There are two <a href="/wiki/HP_Discover" title="HP Discover">HP Discover</a> events annually, one for the Americas and one for Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA). HP DISCOVER 2011 Americas took place June 6–10, in <a href="/wiki/Las_Vegas_Valley" title="Las Vegas Valley">Las Vegas</a> at the Venetian/Palazzo.<sup id="cite_ref-116" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-116"><span>[</span>116<span>]</span></a></sup> The company demonstrated the <a href="/wiki/WebOS" title="WebOS">webOS</a> TouchPad, introduced July 1, 2011.<sup id="cite_ref-cliff_32-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-cliff-32"><span>[</span>32<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-117" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-117"><span>[</span>117<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>The HP DISCOVER 2011 event in EMEA took place in Vienna, Austria, on November 29 through December 1, 2011.<sup id="cite_ref-118" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-118"><span>[</span>118<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Controversies">Controversies</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=16" title="Edit section: Controversies">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Restatement">Restatement</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=17" title="Edit section: Restatement">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>In March 2003, HP restated its first-quarter cash flow from operations, reducing it 18 percent because of an accounting error. Actual cash flow from operations was $647 million, not $791 million as reported earlier. HP shifted $144 million to net cash used in investing activities.<sup id="cite_ref-119" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-119"><span>[</span>119<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Spying_scandal">Spying scandal</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=18" title="Edit section: Spying scandal">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<div class="hatnote relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/wiki/Hewlett-Packard_spying_scandal" title="Hewlett-Packard spying scandal">Hewlett-Packard spying scandal</a></div> +<p>On September 5, 2006, Shawn Cabalfin and David O'Neil of <i><a href="/wiki/Newsweek" title="Newsweek">Newsweek</a></i> wrote that HP's <a href="/wiki/General_counsel" title="General counsel">general counsel</a>, at the behest of chairwoman <a href="/wiki/Patricia_C._Dunn" title="Patricia C. Dunn">Patricia Dunn</a>, contracted a team of independent security experts to investigate board members and several journalists in order to identify the source of an information leak.<sup id="cite_ref-120" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-120"><span>[</span>120<span>]</span></a></sup> In turn, those security experts recruited private investigators who used a spying technique known as <a href="/wiki/Pretexting" title="Pretexting" class="mw-redirect">pretexting</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-121" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-121"><span>[</span>121<span>]</span></a></sup> The pretexting involved investigators impersonating HP board members and nine journalists (including reporters for <a href="/wiki/CNET" title="CNET">CNET</a>, the <i><a href="/wiki/New_York_Times" title="New York Times" class="mw-redirect">New York Times</a></i> and the <i><a href="/wiki/Wall_Street_Journal" title="Wall Street Journal" class="mw-redirect">Wall Street Journal</a></i>) in order to obtain their phone records. The information leaked related to HP's long-term strategy and was published as part of a <a href="/wiki/CNET" title="CNET">CNET</a> article<sup id="cite_ref-122" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-122"><span>[</span>122<span>]</span></a></sup> in January 2006. Most HP employees accused of criminal acts have since been acquitted.<sup id="cite_ref-123" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-123"><span>[</span>123<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Hardware">Hardware</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=19" title="Edit section: Hardware">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>In November 2007, Hewlett-Packard released a BIOS update covering a wide range of laptops with the intent to speed up the computer fan as well as have it run constantly, whether the computer was on or off.<sup id="cite_ref-124" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-124"><span>[</span>124<span>]</span></a></sup> The reason was to prevent the overheating of defective NVIDIA graphics processing units (GPUs) that had been shipped to many of the original equipment manufacturers, including Hewlett-Packard, Dell, and Apple.<sup id="cite_ref-125" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-125"><span>[</span>125<span>]</span></a></sup> The defect concerned the new packaging material used by NVIDIA from 2007 onwards in joining the graphics chip onto the motherboard, which did not perform well under thermal cycling and was prone to develop stress cracks – effectively severing the connection between the GPU and the motherboard, leading to a blank screen.<sup id="cite_ref-NVIDIA_2009_Business_Update_126-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-NVIDIA_2009_Business_Update-126"><span>[</span>126<span>]</span></a></sup> In July 2008, HP issued an extension to the initial one-year warranty to replace the motherboards of selected models.<sup id="cite_ref-127" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-127"><span>[</span>127<span>]</span></a></sup> However this option was not extended to all models with the defective NVIDIA chipsets despite research showing that these computers were also affected by the fault.<sup id="cite_ref-128" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-128"><span>[</span>128<span>]</span></a></sup> Furthermore the replacement of the motherboard was a temporary fix, since the fault was inherent in all units of the affected models from the point of manufacture, including the replacement motherboards offered by HP as a free 'repair'.<sup id="cite_ref-129" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-129"><span>[</span>129<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-130" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-130"><span>[</span>130<span>]</span></a></sup> Since this point, several websites have been documenting the issue, most notably www.hplies.com,<sup id="cite_ref-131" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-131"><span>[</span>131<span>]</span></a></sup> a forum dedicated to what they refer to as Hewlett-Packard's "multi-million dollar cover up" of the issue, and www.nvidiadefect.com, which details the specifics of the fault and offers advice to the owners of affected computers. There have been several small-claims lawsuits filed in several states, as well as suits filed in other countries. Hewlett-Packard also faced a class-action lawsuit in 2009 over its i7 processor computers. The complainants stated that their systems locked up within 30 minutes of powering on, consistently. Even after being replaced with newer i7 systems, the lockups continued.<sup id="cite_ref-132" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-132"><span>[</span>132<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Lawsuit_against_Oracle">Lawsuit against Oracle</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=20" title="Edit section: Lawsuit against Oracle">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>On June 15, 2011, HP filed a lawsuit in California Superior Court in Santa Clara, claiming that <a href="/wiki/Oracle_Corporation" title="Oracle Corporation">Oracle Corporation</a> had breached an agreement to support the <a href="/wiki/Itanium" title="Itanium">Itanium</a> microprocessor used in HP's high-end enterprise servers.<sup id="cite_ref-133" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-133"><span>[</span>133<span>]</span></a></sup> On June 15, 2011, HP sent a "formal legal demand" letter to Oracle in an attempt to force the world's No. 3 software maker to reverse its decision to discontinue software development on Intel Itanium microprocessor.<sup id="cite_ref-134" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-134"><span>[</span>134<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>On August 1, 2012, HP released the following statement after winning the court ruling in Itanium Litigation:</p> +<p>The Court ordered and declared as follows:</p> +<ol> +<li>In this action for declaratory relief, the Court finds in favor of HP and against Oracle on both the breach of contract and promissory estoppel causes of action brought by HP.</li> +<li>The Settlement and Release Agreement entered into by HP, Oracle and Mark Hurd on September 20, 2010, requires Oracle to continue to offer its product suite on HP's Itanium-based server platforms and does not confer on Oracle the discretion to decide whether to do so or not.</li> +<li>The terms "product suite" means Oracle software products that were offered on HP's Itanium-based servers at the time Oracle signed the September 20, 2010 Settlement and Release Agreement, including any new releases, versions or updates of those products.</li> +<li>Oracle's obligation to continue to offer its products on HP's Itanium-based server platforms lasts until such time as HP discontinues the sales of its Itanium-based servers.</li> +<li>Oracle is required to port its products to HP's Itanium-based servers without charge to HP.</li> +</ol> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Takeover_of_Autonomy">Takeover of Autonomy</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=21" title="Edit section: Takeover of Autonomy">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<div class="hatnote boilerplate seealso">See also: <a href="/wiki/Autonomy_Corporation#Hewlett_Packard" title="Autonomy Corporation" class="mw-redirect">Autonomy Corporation § Hewlett Packard</a></div> +<p>In November 2012, HP recorded a writedown of around $8.8 billion related to its acquisition a year earlier of the UK based <a href="/wiki/Autonomy_Corporation" title="Autonomy Corporation" class="mw-redirect">Autonomy Corporation</a> <a href="/wiki/Public_limited_company" title="Public limited company">PLC</a>. HP accused Autonomy of deliberately inflating the value of the company prior to its takeover. The former management team of Autonomy flatly rejected the charge.</p> +<p>Autonomy specialized in analysis of large scale unstructured "<a href="/wiki/Big_data" title="Big data">big data</a>", and by 2010 also the UK's largest and most successful<sup id="cite_ref-telegraph19aug2011_47-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-telegraph19aug2011-47"><span>[</span>47<span>]</span></a></sup> <a href="/wiki/Software_business" title="Software business">software business</a>. It maintained an aggressively <a href="/wiki/Entrepreneurial" title="Entrepreneurial" class="mw-redirect">entrepreneurial</a> marketing approach, and controls described as a "rod of iron", which was said to include <a href="/wiki/Zero_tolerance" title="Zero tolerance">zero tolerance</a> and firing the weakest 5% of its sales force each quarter, while <a href="//en.wiktionary.org/wiki/cosetting" class="extiw" title="wikt:cosetting">cosetting</a> the best sales staff "like rock stars".<sup id="cite_ref-telegraph25nov2012_49-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-telegraph25nov2012-49"><span>[</span>49<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>At the time, HP had fired its previous CEO for expenses irregularities a year ago, and appointed <a href="/wiki/L%C3%A9o_Apotheker" title="Léo Apotheker">Léo Apotheker</a> as CEO and President. HP was seen as problematic by the market, with margins falling and having failed to redirect and establish itself in major new markets such as cloud and mobile services. Apotheker's strategy was to aim at disposing of hardware and moving into the more profitable <a href="/wiki/Software" title="Software">software</a> <a href="/wiki/Business_service_provider" title="Business service provider">services</a> <a href="/wiki/Business_sector" title="Business sector">sector</a>.</p> +<p>As part of this strategy, Autonomy was acquired by HP in October 2011. HP paid $10.3 billion for 87.3% of the shares, valuing Autonomy at around $11.7 billion (£7.4 billion) overall, a <a href="/wiki/Control_premium" title="Control premium">premium</a> of around 79% over market price. The deal was widely criticized as "absurdly high", a "botched strategy shift" and a "chaotic" attempt to rapidly <a href="/wiki/Turnaround_management" title="Turnaround management">reposition</a> HP and enhance earnings,<sup id="cite_ref-bloomberg29nov2012_45-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-bloomberg29nov2012-45"><span>[</span>45<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-telegraph19aug2011_47-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-telegraph19aug2011-47"><span>[</span>47<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-reuters3oct2011_48-1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-reuters3oct2011-48"><span>[</span>48<span>]</span></a></sup> and had been objected to even by HP's own <a href="/wiki/CFO" title="CFO" class="mw-redirect">CFO</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-telegraph25nov2012_49-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-telegraph25nov2012-49"><span>[</span>49<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-hussainmotion11aug2014_50-2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-hussainmotion11aug2014-50"><span>[</span>50<span>]</span></a></sup><sup class="reference" style="white-space:nowrap;">:3–6</sup> Within a year, Apotheker himself had been fired, major <a href="/wiki/Cultural_conflict" title="Cultural conflict">culture clashes</a> became apparent and HP had <a href="/wiki/Write-off" title="Write-off">written off</a> $8.8 billion of Autonomy's value.<sup id="cite_ref-telegraph25nov2012_49-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-telegraph25nov2012-49"><span>[</span>49<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>HP claim this resulted from "<a href="/wiki/Fraud" title="Fraud">accounting improprieties</a>, <a href="/wiki/Misrepresentation" title="Misrepresentation">misrepresentations</a> and disclosure failures" by the previous management, who in turn accuse HP of a "textbook example of <a href="/wiki/Gaming_the_system" title="Gaming the system">defensive stalling</a>"&#160;<sup id="cite_ref-hussainmotion11aug2014_50-3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-hussainmotion11aug2014-50"><span>[</span>50<span>]</span></a></sup><sup class="reference" style="white-space:nowrap;">:6</sup> to conceal evidence of its own prior knowledge and gross <a href="/wiki/Management" title="Management">mismanagement</a> and undermining of the company, noting public awareness since 2009 of its financial reporting issues<sup id="cite_ref-hussainmotion11aug2014_50-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-hussainmotion11aug2014-50"><span>[</span>50<span>]</span></a></sup><sup class="reference" style="white-space:nowrap;">:3</sup> and that even HP's <a href="/wiki/CFO" title="CFO" class="mw-redirect">CFO</a> disagreed with the price paid.<sup id="cite_ref-telegraph25nov2012_49-4" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-telegraph25nov2012-49"><span>[</span>49<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-hussainmotion11aug2014_50-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-hussainmotion11aug2014-50"><span>[</span>50<span>]</span></a></sup><sup class="reference" style="white-space:nowrap;">:3–6</sup> External observers generally state that only a small part of the write-off appears to be due to accounting mis-statements, and that HP had overpaid for businesses previously.<sup id="cite_ref-telegraph25nov2012_49-5" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-telegraph25nov2012-49"><span>[</span>49<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-marketwatch19aug2014_135-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-marketwatch19aug2014-135"><span>[</span>135<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>The <a href="/wiki/Serious_Fraud_Office_(United_Kingdom)" title="Serious Fraud Office (United Kingdom)">Serious Fraud Office (United Kingdom)</a>, and the <a href="/wiki/U.S._Securities_and_Exchange_Commission" title="U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission">U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission</a> joined the <a href="/wiki/Federal_Bureau_of_Investigation" title="Federal Bureau of Investigation">FBI</a> in investigating the potential anomalies. HP incurred much damage with its stock falling to decades' low.<sup id="cite_ref-rogers2012_136-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-rogers2012-136"><span>[</span>136<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-bbcstaff2012_137-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-bbcstaff2012-137"><span>[</span>137<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-owens2012_138-0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-owens2012-138"><span>[</span>138<span>]</span></a></sup> Three lawsuits were brought by shareholders against HP, for the fall in value of HP shares. In August 2014 a <a href="/wiki/United_States_district_court" title="United States district court">United States district court</a> <a href="/wiki/United_States_federal_judge" title="United States federal judge">judge</a> threw out a proposed settlement, which Autonomy's previous management had argued would be <a href="/wiki/Collusive_lawsuit" title="Collusive lawsuit">collusive</a> and intended to divert scrutiny of HP's own responsibility and knowledge, by essentially engaging the plaintiff's attorneys from the existing cases and redirecting them against the previous Autonomy vendors and management, for a fee of up to $48 million, with plaintiffs agreeing to end any claims against HP's management and similarly redirect those claims against the previous Autonomy vendors and management.<sup id="cite_ref-139" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-139"><span>[</span>139<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-140" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-140"><span>[</span>140<span>]</span></a></sup> In January 2015 the SFO closed its investigation as the likelihood of a successful prosecution was low. <sup id="cite_ref-141" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-141"><span>[</span>141<span>]</span></a></sup> The dispute is still being litigated in the US, and is being investigated by the UK and Ireland <a href="/wiki/Financial_Reporting_Council" title="Financial Reporting Council">Financial Reporting Council</a>.</p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Bribery">Bribery</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=22" title="Edit section: Bribery">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>On April 9, 2014, an administrative proceeding before <a href="/wiki/Securities_and_Exchange_Commission" title="Securities and Exchange Commission" class="mw-redirect">Securities and Exchange Commission</a> was settled by HP consenting to an order acknowledging that HP had violated the <a href="/wiki/Foreign_Corrupt_Practices_Act" title="Foreign Corrupt Practices Act">Foreign Corrupt Practices Act</a> (FCPA) when HP subsidiaries in Russia, Poland, and Mexico made improper payments to government officials to obtain or retain lucrative public contracts.<sup id="cite_ref-142" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-142"><span>[</span>142<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>The SEC's order finds that HP's subsidiary in Russia paid more than $2 million through agents and various shell companies to a Russian government official to retain a multi-million dollar contract with the federal prosecutor's office. In Poland, HP's subsidiary provided gifts and cash bribes worth more than $600,000 to a Polish government official to obtain contracts with the national police agency. And as part of its bid to win a software sale to Mexico's state-owned petroleum company, HP's subsidiary in Mexico paid more than $1 million in inflated commissions to a consultant with close ties to company officials, and money was funneled to one of those officials. HP agreed to pay $108 million to settle the SEC charges and a parallel criminal case.<sup id="cite_ref-143" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-143"><span>[</span>143<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-144" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-144"><span>[</span>144<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-145" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-145"><span>[</span>145<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h3><span class="mw-headline" id="Divestment_from_HP_regarding_involvement_in_Israeli_occupation_and_blockade_of_Palestinian_territories">Divestment from HP regarding involvement in Israeli occupation and blockade of Palestinian territories</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=23" title="Edit section: Divestment from HP regarding involvement in Israeli occupation and blockade of Palestinian territories">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h3> +<p>On June 20, 2014, the <a href="/wiki/Presbyterian_Church_(U.S.A.)" title="Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)">Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)</a> voted to <a href="/wiki/Presbyterian_Church_(USA)_disinvestment_from_Israel_controversy" title="Presbyterian Church (USA) disinvestment from Israel controversy" class="mw-redirect">divest</a> from Hewlett-Packard and two other American companies, <a href="/wiki/Caterpillar_Inc." title="Caterpillar Inc.">Caterpillar</a> and <a href="/wiki/Motorola_Solutions" title="Motorola Solutions">Motorola Solutions</a>.<sup id="cite_ref-146" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-146"><span>[</span>146<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-147" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-147"><span>[</span>147<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-148" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-148"><span>[</span>148<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="cite_ref-149" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-149"><span>[</span>149<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<p>The advisory opinion of the Presbyterian Peace Fellowship, which recommended divestment, cited HP's involvement in assisting Israel in maintaining the <a href="/wiki/Palestinian_Territories" title="Palestinian Territories" class="mw-redirect">occupation</a> of the Palestinian <a href="/wiki/West_Bank" title="West Bank">West Bank</a> and human rights abuses of the Palestinians in the West Bank and the <a href="/wiki/Gaza_strip" title="Gaza strip" class="mw-redirect">Gaza strip</a> through its hardware and information technology support to the Israeli military and settlements.<sup id="cite_ref-150" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-150"><span>[</span>150<span>]</span></a></sup></p> +<h2><span class="mw-headline" id="Notable_people">Notable people</span><span class="mw-editsection"><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">[</span><a href="/w/index.php?title=Hewlett-Packard&amp;action=edit&amp;section=24" title="Edit section: Notable people">edit</a><span class="mw-editsection-bracket">]</span></span></h2> +<ul> +<li><a href="/wiki/Michael_Capellas" title="Michael Capellas">Michael Capellas</a> (Compaq CEO/Chairman – HP President)<sup id="cite_ref-151" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-151"><span>[</span>151<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Steve_Jobs" title="Steve Jobs">Steve Jobs</a> (Apple Inc. founder, CEO until his death in 2011)<sup id="cite_ref-152" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-152"><span>[</span>152<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Steve_Wozniak" title="Steve Wozniak">Steve Wozniak</a> <sup id="cite_ref-153" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-153"><span>[</span>153<span>]</span></a></sup></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Thomas_Perkins_(businessman)" title="Thomas Perkins (businessman)">Tom Perkins</a></li> +<li><a href="/wiki/Matt_Shaheen" title="Matt Shaheen">Matt Shaheen</a>, management consultant executive at <a href="/wiki/HP_Enterprise_Services" title="HP Enterprise Services">HP Enterprise Services</a> in <a href="/wiki/Plano,_Texas" title="Plano, Texas">Plano</a>, <a href="/wiki/Texas" title="Texas">Texas</a>; <a href="/wiki/Republican_Party_(United_States)" title="Republican Party (United States)">Republican</a> member of the <a href="/wiki/Texas_House_of_Representatives" title="Texas House of Representatives">Texas House of Rep